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Brown Arleen

Title(s)Associate Professor, General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research
Phone(310) 794-6047
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Associate Professor, Medicine


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Enhancing patient and organizational readiness for cardiovascular risk reduction among ethnic minority patients living with HIV
    NIH/NHLBI U01HL142109Aug 15, 2018 - May 31, 2022
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Neighborhoods and the Management of Chronic Conditions
    NIH/NIA K23AG026748Jul 15, 2005 - Jun 30, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    CDU/UCLA Project EXPORT Center
    NIH/NIMHD P20MD000182Sep 30, 2002 - May 31, 2017
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    UNMET NEED IN MEDICARE BENEFICIARIES WITH DIABETES
    AHRQ F32HS000132Sep 1, 1998
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. George S, Vassar SD, Norris K, Coleman B, Gonzalez C, Ishimori M, Morris D, Mtume N, Shapiro MF, Lucas-Wright A, Brown AF. Researcher perspectives on embedding community stakeholders in T1-T2 research: A potential new model for full-spectrum translational research - ADDENDUM. J Clin Transl Sci. 2019 Oct; 3(5):290. PMID: 31680693.
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    2. George S, Vassar SD, Norris K, Coleman B, Gonzalez C, Ishimori M, Morris D, Mtume N, Shapiro MF, Lucas-Wright A, Brown AF. Researcher perspectives on embedding community stakeholders in T1-T2 research: A potential new model for full-spectrum translational research. J Clin Transl Sci. 2019 Jun; 3(2-3):120-124. PMID: 31660235.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Brown AF, Ma GX, Miranda J, Eng E, Castille D, Brockie T, Jones P, Airhihenbuwa CO, Farhat T, Zhu L, Trinh-Shevrin C. Structural Interventions to Reduce and Eliminate Health Disparities. Am J Public Health. 2019 Jan; 109(S1):S72-S78. PMID: 30699019.
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    4. Brown AF, Liang LJ, Vassar SD, Escarce JJ, Merkin SS, Cheng E, Richards A, Seeman T, Longstreth WT. Trends in Racial/Ethnic and Nativity Disparities in Cardiovascular Health Among Adults Without Prevalent Cardiovascular Disease in the United States, 1988 to 2014. Ann Intern Med. 2018 04 17; 168(8):541-549. PMID: 29554692.
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    5. Lewis ZH, Ottenbacher KJ, Fisher SR, Jennings K, Brown AF, Swartz MC, Martinez E, Lyons EJ. The feasibility and RE-AIM evaluation of the TAME health pilot study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017 08 14; 14(1):106. PMID: 28807041.
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    6. Dry SM, Garrett SB, Koenig BA, Brown AF, Burgess MM, Hult JR, Longstaff H, Wilcox ES, Madrigal Contreras SK, Martinez A, Boyd EA, Dohan D. Community recommendations on biobank governance: Results from a deliberative community engagement in California. PLoS One. 2017; 12(2):e0172582. PMID: 28235046.
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    7. Rosso AL, Flatt JD, Carlson MC, Lovasi GS, Rosano C, Brown AF, Matthews KA, Gianaros PJ. Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Cognitive Function in Late Life. Am J Epidemiol. 2016 06 15; 183(12):1088-97. PMID: 27257114.
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    8. Lewis ZH, Ottenbacher KJ, Fisher SR, Jennings K, Brown AF, Swartz MC, Lyons EJ. Testing Activity Monitors' Effect on Health: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial Among Older Primary Care Patients. JMIR Res Protoc. 2016 Apr 29; 5(2):e59. PMID: 27129602.
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    9. Brown AF, Morris DM, Kahn KL, Sankaré IC, King KM, Vargas R, Lucas-Wright A, Jones LF, Flowers A, Jones FU, Bross R, Banner D, Del Pino HE, Pitts OL, Zhang L, Porter C, Madrigal SK, Vassar SD, Vangala S, Liang LJ, Martinez AB, Norris KC. The Healthy Community Neighborhood Initiative: Rationale and Design. Ethn Dis. 2016 01 21; 26(1):123-32. PMID: 26843805.
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    10. Yan T, Liang LJ, Vassar S, Katz MC, Escarce JJ, Longstreth WT, Merkin SS, Brown AF. Neighborhood Characteristics are Associated with Racial and Gender Variation in Walking among Older Adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Ethn Dis. 2016 Jan 21; 26(1):17-26. PMID: 26843792.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Bharmal N, Lucas-Wright AA, Vassar SD, Jones F, Jones L, Wells R, Cienega J, Brown AF. A Community Engagement Symposium to Prevent and Improve Stroke Outcomes in Diverse Communities. Prog Community Health Partnersh. 2016; 10(1):149-58. PMID: 27018364.
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    12. Chung B, Brown AF, Moreno G, Cuen P, Uy V, Vangala S, Bell DS, Washington AE, Norris KC, Mangione CM. Implementing Community Engagement as a Mission at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2016; 27(1):8-21. PMID: 27763457.
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    13. Inkelas M, Brown AF, Vassar SD, Sankaré IC, Martinez AB, Kubicek K, Kuo T, Mahajan A, Gould M, Mittman BS. Enhancing Dissemination, Implementation, and Improvement Science in CTSAs through Regional Partnerships. Clin Transl Sci. 2015 Dec; 8(6):800-6. PMID: 26602191.
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    14. Norris KC, Brown AF. The Highs and Lows of Blood Pressure Targets in Elderly Adults and Other High-Risk Populations. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015 Oct; 63(10):2139-41. PMID: 26480976.
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    15. King KM, Pardo YJ, Norris KC, Diaz-Romero M, Morris D, Vassar SD, Brown AF. A Community-Academic Partnered Grant Writing Series to Build Infrastructure for Partnered Research. Clin Transl Sci. 2015 Oct; 8(5):573-8. PMID: 26365589.
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    16. Chung B, Norris K, Mangione C, Del Pino HE, Jones L, Castro D, Wang C, Bell D, Vangala S, Kahn K, Brown AF. Faculty Participation in and Needs around Community Engagement within a Large Multiinstitutional Clinical and Translational Science Awardee. Clin Transl Sci. 2015 Oct; 8(5):506-12. PMID: 26332679.
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    17. Sankaré IC, Bross R, Brown AF, Del Pino HE, Jones LF, Morris DM, Porter C, Lucas-Wright A, Vargas R, Forge N, Norris KC, Kahn KL. Strategies to Build Trust and Recruit African American and Latino Community Residents for Health Research: A Cohort Study. Clin Transl Sci. 2015 Oct; 8(5):412-20. PMID: 26094679.
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    18. King KM, Morris D, Jones L, Lucas-Wright A, Jones F, Del Pino HE, Porter C, Vargas R, Kahn K, Brown AF, Norris KC. The Los Angeles Healthy Community Neighborhood Initiative: A Ten Year Experience in Building and Sustaining a Successful Community-Academic Partnership. HSOA J Community Med Public Health Care. 2015; 2(2). PMID: 27747314.
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    19. Yala SM, Duru OK, Ettner SL, Turk N, Mangione CM, Brown AF. Patterns of prescription drug expenditures and medication adherence among medicare part D beneficiaries with and without the low-income supplement. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Dec 20; 14:665. PMID: 25526892.
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    20. Wong MD, Coller KM, Dudovitz RN, Kennedy DP, Buddin R, Shapiro MF, Kataoka SH, Brown AF, Tseng CH, Bergman P, Chung PJ. Successful schools and risky behaviors among low-income adolescents. Pediatrics. 2014 Aug; 134(2):e389-96. PMID: 25049339.
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    21. Lovasi GS, Richardson JM, Rodriguez CJ, Kop WJ, Ahmed A, Brown AF, Greenlee H, Siscovick DS. Residential relocation by older adults in response to incident cardiovascular health events: a case-crossover analysis. J Environ Public Health. 2014; 2014:951971. PMID: 24782900.
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    22. Duru OK, Ettner SL, Turk N, Mangione CM, Brown AF, Fu J, Simien L, Tseng CW. Potential savings associated with drug substitution in Medicare Part D: the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Jan; 29(1):230-6. PMID: 23975059.
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    23. Brown AF, Vassar SD, Connor KI, Vickrey BG. Collaborative care management reduces disparities in dementia care quality for caregivers with less education. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Feb; 61(2):243-51. PMID: 23320655.
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    24. Brown AF, Liang LJ, Vassar SD, Merkin SS, Longstreth WT, Ovbiagele B, Yan T, Escarce JJ. Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and mortality after stroke. Neurology. 2013 Feb 05; 80(6):520-7. PMID: 23284071.
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    25. Yan T, Escarce JJ, Liang LJ, Longstreth WT, Merkin SS, Ovbiagele B, Vassar SD, Seeman T, Sarkisian C, Brown AF. Exploring psychosocial pathways between neighbourhood characteristics and stroke in older adults: the cardiovascular health study. Age Ageing. 2013 May; 42(3):391-7. PMID: 23264005.
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    26. Lu SE, Beckles GL, Crosson JC, Bilik D, Karter AJ, Gerzoff RB, Lin Y, Ross SV, McEwen LN, Waitzfelder BE, Marrero D, Lasser N, Brown AF. Evaluation of risk equations for prediction of short-term coronary heart disease events in patients with long-standing type 2 diabetes: the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. BMC Endocr Disord. 2012 Jul 09; 12:12. PMID: 22776317.
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    27. Peek ME, Wilson SC, Bussey-Jones J, Lypson M, Cordasco K, Jacobs EA, Bright C, Brown AF. A study of national physician organizations' efforts to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities in the United States. Acad Med. 2012 Jun; 87(6):694-700. PMID: 22534593.
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    28. Gore JL, Singer JS, Brown AF, Danovitch GM. The socioeconomic status of donors and recipients of living unrelated renal transplants in the United States. J Urol. 2012 May; 187(5):1760-5. PMID: 22425125.
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    29. Clarke RM, Tseng CH, Brook RH, Brown AF. Tool used to assess how well community health centers function as medical homes may be flawed. Health Aff (Millwood). 2012 Mar; 31(3):627-35. PMID: 22345663.
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    30. Walker KO, Clarke R, Ryan G, Brown AF. Effect of closure of a local safety-net hospital on primary care physicians' perceptions of their role in patient care. Ann Fam Med. 2011 Nov-Dec; 9(6):496-503. PMID: 22084260.
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    31. Brown AF, Liang LJ, Vassar SD, Stein-Merkin S, Longstreth WT, Ovbiagele B, Yan T, Escarce JJ. Neighborhood disadvantage and ischemic stroke: the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS). Stroke. 2011 Dec; 42(12):3363-8. PMID: 21940966.
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    32. Bharmal N, Kennedy D, Jones L, Lee-Johnson C, Morris D, Caldwell B, Brown A, Houston T, Meeks C, Vargas R, Franco I, Razzak AR, Brown AF. Through our eyes: exploring African-American men's perspective on factors affecting transition to manhood. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Feb; 27(2):153-9. PMID: 21910088.
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    33. Gary-Webb TL, Baptiste-Roberts K, Pham L, Wesche-Thobaben J, Patricio J, Pi-Sunyer FX, Brown AF, Jones-Corneille L, Brancati FL. Neighborhood socioeconomic status, depression, and health status in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study. BMC Public Health. 2011 May 19; 11:349. PMID: 22182286.
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    34. McEwen LN, Kim C, Ettner SL, Herman WH, Karter AJ, Beckles GL, Brown AF. Competing demands for time and self-care behaviors, processes of care, and intermediate outcomes among people with diabetes: Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD). Diabetes Care. 2011 May; 34(5):1180-2. PMID: 21464464.
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    35. Duru OK, Bilik D, McEwen LN, Brown AF, Karter AJ, Curb JD, Marrero DG, Lu SE, Rodriguez M, Mangione CM. Primary language, income and the intensification of anti-glycemic medications in managed care: the (TRIAD) study. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 May; 26(5):505-11. PMID: 21174165.
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    36. Walker KO, Steers N, Liang LJ, Morales LS, Forge N, Jones L, Brown AF. The vulnerability of middle-aged and older adults in a multiethnic, low-income area: contributions of age, ethnicity, and health insurance. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Dec; 58(12):2416-22. PMID: 21143445.
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    37. Odom Walker K, Ryan G, Ramey R, Nunez FL, Beltran R, Splawn RG, Brown AF. Recruiting and retaining primary care physicians in urban underserved communities: the importance of having a mission to serve. Am J Public Health. 2010 Nov; 100(11):2168-75. PMID: 20935263.
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    38. Fish JS, Ettner S, Ang A, Brown AF. Association of perceived neighborhood safety with [corrected] body mass index. Am J Public Health. 2010 Nov; 100(11):2296-303. PMID: 20864717.
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    39. Waitzfelder B, Gerzoff RB, Karter AJ, Crystal S, Bair MJ, Ettner SL, Brown AF, Subramanian U, Lu SE, Marrero D, Herman WH, Selby JV, Dudley RA. Correlates of depression among people with diabetes: The Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Prim Care Diabetes. 2010 Dec; 4(4):215-22. PMID: 20832375.
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    40. Schmittdiel JA, Steers N, Duru OK, Ettner SL, Brown AF, Fung V, Hsu J, Quiter E, Tseng CW, Mangione CM. Patient-provider communication regarding drug costs in Medicare Part D beneficiaries with diabetes: a TRIAD Study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2010 Jun 14; 10:164. PMID: 20546616.
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    41. Gary-Webb TL, Baptiste-Roberts K, Pham L, Wesche-Thobaben J, Patricio J, Pi-Sunyer FX, Brown AF, Jones L, Brancati FL. Neighborhood and weight-related health behaviors in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study. BMC Public Health. 2010 Jun 04; 10:312. PMID: 20525373.
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    42. Ross PT, Wiley Cené C, Bussey-Jones J, Brown AF, Blackman D, Fernández A, Fernández L, Glick SB, Horowitz CR, Jacobs EA, Peek ME, Wilkerson L, Lypson ML. A strategy for improving health disparities education in medicine. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 May; 25 Suppl 2:S160-3. PMID: 20352512.
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    43. Thompson BM, Haidet P, Casanova R, Vivo RP, Gomez AG, Brown AF, Richter RA, Crandall SJ. Medical students' perceptions of their teachers' and their own cultural competency: implications for education. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 May; 25 Suppl 2:S91-4. PMID: 20352500.
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    44. Lypson ML, Bussey-Jones J, Glick S, Brown AF, Jacobs EA. Disparities in health and health care across a range of populations and conditions. Introduction. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 May; 25 Suppl 2:S79-81. PMID: 20352497.
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    45. Gregg EW, Karter AJ, Gerzoff RB, Safford M, Brown AF, Tseng CW, Waitzfielder B, Herman WH, Mangione CM, Selby JV, Thompson TJ, Dudley RA. Characteristics of insured patients with persistent gaps in diabetes care services: the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Med Care. 2010 Jan; 48(1):31-7. PMID: 20009778.
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    46. Inagami S, Cohen DA, Brown AF, Asch SM. Body mass index, neighborhood fast food and restaurant concentration, and car ownership. J Urban Health. 2009 Sep; 86(5):683-95. PMID: 19533365.
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    47. Duru OK, Gerzoff RB, Selby JV, Brown AF, Ackermann RT, Karter AJ, Ross S, Steers N, Herman WH, Waitzfelder B, Mangione CM. Identifying risk factors for racial disparities in diabetes outcomes: the translating research into action for diabetes study. Med Care. 2009 Jun; 47(6):700-6. PMID: 19480090.
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    48. Brown AF, Vargas RB, Ang A, Pebley AR. The neighborhood food resource environment and the health of residents with chronic conditions: the food resource environment and the health of residents. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Aug; 23(8):1137-44. PMID: 18483833.
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    49. Duru OK, Gerzoff RB, Brown AF, Karter AJ, Kim C, Kountz D, Narayan KM, Schneider SH, Tseng CW, Waitzfelder B, Mangione CM. Predictors of sustained walking among diabetes patients in managed care: the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Aug; 23(8):1194-9. PMID: 18452046.
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    50. Washington DL, Bowles J, Saha S, Horowitz CR, Moody-Ayers S, Brown AF, Stone VE, Cooper LA. Transforming clinical practice to eliminate racial-ethnic disparities in healthcare. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 May; 23(5):685-91. PMID: 18196352.
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    51. Selby JV, Swain BE, Gerzoff RB, Karter AJ, Waitzfelder BE, Brown AF, Ackermann RT, Duru OK, Ferrara A, Herman W, Marrero DG, Caputo D, Narayan KM. Understanding the gap between good processes of diabetes care and poor intermediate outcomes: Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD). Med Care. 2007 Dec; 45(12):1144-53. PMID: 18007164.
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    52. Gary TL, Safford MM, Gerzoff RB, Ettner SL, Karter AJ, Beckles GL, Brown AF. Perception of neighborhood problems, health behaviors, and diabetes outcomes among adults with diabetes in managed care: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Diabetes Care. 2008 Feb; 31(2):273-8. PMID: 18000180.
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    53. Brown AF. Patient, system and clinician level interventions to address disparities in diabetes care. Curr Diabetes Rev. 2007 Nov; 3(4):244-8. PMID: 18220681.
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    54. Karter AJ, Stevens MR, Brown AF, Duru OK, Gregg EW, Gary TL, Beckles GL, Tseng CW, Marrero DG, Waitzfelder B, Herman WH, Piette JD, Safford MM, Ettner SL. Educational disparities in health behaviors among patients with diabetes: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) Study. BMC Public Health. 2007 Oct 29; 7:308. PMID: 17967177.
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    55. Beckles GL, Williamson DF, Brown AF, Gregg EW, Karter AJ, Kim C, Dudley RA, Safford MM, Stevens MR, Thompson TJ. Agreement between self-reports and medical records was only fair in a cross-sectional study of performance of annual eye examinations among adults with diabetes in managed care. Med Care. 2007 Sep; 45(9):876-83. PMID: 17712258.
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    56. Berg KM, Gill TM, Brown AF, Zerzan J, Elmore JG, Wilson IB. Demystifying the NIH grant application process. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Nov; 22(11):1587-95. PMID: 17687616.
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    57. Karter AJ, Stevens MR, Gregg EW, Brown AF, Tseng CW, Marrero DG, Duru OK, Gary TL, Piette JD, Waitzfelder B, Herman WH, Beckles GL, Safford MM, Ettner SL. Educational disparities in rates of smoking among diabetic adults: the translating research into action for diabetes study. Am J Public Health. 2008 Feb; 98(2):365-70. PMID: 17600269.
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    58. Chou AF, Brown AF, Jensen RE, Shih S, Pawlson G, Scholle SH. Gender and racial disparities in the management of diabetes mellitus among Medicare patients. Womens Health Issues. 2007 May-Jun; 17(3):150-61. PMID: 17475506.
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    59. Brown AF, Ang A, Pebley AR. The relationship between neighborhood characteristics and self-rated health for adults with chronic conditions. Am J Public Health. 2007 May; 97(5):926-32. PMID: 17395847.
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    60. Duru OK, Mangione CM, Steers NW, Herman WH, Karter AJ, Kountz D, Marrero DG, Safford MM, Waitzfelder B, Gerzoff RB, Huh S, Brown AF. The association between clinical care strategies and the attenuation of racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes care: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) Study. Med Care. 2006 Dec; 44(12):1121-8. PMID: 17122717.
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    61. Ackermann RT, Thompson TJ, Selby JV, Safford MM, Stevens M, Brown AF, Narayan KM. Is the number of documented diabetes process-of-care indicators associated with cardiometabolic risk factor levels, patient satisfaction, or self-rated quality of diabetes care? The Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Diabetes Care. 2006 Sep; 29(9):2108-13. PMID: 16936161.
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    62. Johnson SL, Tierney EF, Onyemere KU, Tseng CW, Safford MM, Karter AJ, Ferrara A, Duru OK, Brown AF, Narayan KM, Thompson TJ, Herman WH. Who is tested for diabetic kidney disease and who initiates treatment? The Translating Research Into Action For Diabetes (TRIAD) Study. Diabetes Care. 2006 Aug; 29(8):1733-8. PMID: 16873772.
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    63. Ettner SL, Thompson TJ, Stevens MR, Mangione CM, Kim C, Neil Steers W, Goewey J, Brown AF, Chung RS, Narayan KM. Are physician reimbursement strategies associated with processes of care and patient satisfaction for patients with diabetes in managed care? Health Serv Res. 2006 Aug; 41(4 Pt 1):1221-41. PMID: 16899004.
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    64. Mangione CM, Gerzoff RB, Williamson DF, Steers WN, Kerr EA, Brown AF, Waitzfelder BE, Marrero DG, Dudley RA, Kim C, Herman W, Thompson TJ, Safford MM, Selby JV. The association between quality of care and the intensity of diabetes disease management programs. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Jul 18; 145(2):107-16. PMID: 16847293.
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    65. King WD, Woolhandler SJ, Brown AF, Jiang L, Kevorkian K, Himmelstein DU, Bor DH. Brief report: Influenza vaccination and health care workers in the United States. J Gen Intern Med. 2006 Feb; 21(2):181-4. PMID: 16606378.
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    66. Brown AF, Gregg EW, Stevens MR, Karter AJ, Weinberger M, Safford MM, Gary TL, Caputo DA, Waitzfelder B, Kim C, Beckles GL. Race, ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and quality of care for adults with diabetes enrolled in managed care: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Diabetes Care. 2005 Dec; 28(12):2864-70. PMID: 16306546.
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    67. Brown AF, Jiang L, Fong DS, Gutierrez PR, Coleman AL, Lee PP, Adams J, Mangione CM. Need for eye care among older adults with diabetes mellitus in fee-for-service and managed Medicare. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 May; 123(5):669-75. PMID: 15883287.
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    68. Sarkisian CA, Brusuelas RJ, Steers WN, Davidson MB, Brown AF, Norris KC, Anderson RM, Mangione CM. Using focus groups of older African Americans and Latinos with diabetes to modify a self-care empowerment intervention. Ethn Dis. 2005; 15(2):283-91. PMID: 15825975.
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    69. Sarkisian CA, Brusuelas RJ, Steers WN, Davidson MB, Brown AF, Norris KC, Anderson RM, Mangione CM. For the patient. Managing diabetes with cultural sensitivity and self-empowerment. Ethn Dis. 2005; 15(2):351. PMID: 15825982.
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    70. Brown AF, Ettner SL, Piette J, Weinberger M, Gregg E, Shapiro MF, Karter AJ, Safford M, Waitzfelder B, Prata PA, Beckles GL. Socioeconomic position and health among persons with diabetes mellitus: a conceptual framework and review of the literature. Epidemiol Rev. 2004; 26:63-77. PMID: 15234948.
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    71. Brown AF, Gerzoff RB, Karter AJ, Gregg E, Safford M, Waitzfelder B, Beckles GL, Brusuelas R, Mangione CM. Health behaviors and quality of care among Latinos with diabetes in managed care. Am J Public Health. 2003 Oct; 93(10):1694-8. PMID: 14534224.
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    72. Karter AJ, Stevens MR, Herman WH, Ettner S, Marrero DG, Safford MM, Engelgau MM, Curb JD, Brown AF. Out-of-pocket costs and diabetes preventive services: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Diabetes Care. 2003 Aug; 26(8):2294-9. PMID: 12882851.
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    73. Sarkisian CA, Brown AF, Norris KC, Wintz RL, Mangione CM. A systematic review of diabetes self-care interventions for older, African American, or Latino adults. Diabetes Educ. 2003 May-Jun; 29(3):467-79. PMID: 12861963.
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    74. Brown AF, Gross AG, Gutierrez PR, Jiang L, Shapiro MF, Mangione CM. Income-related differences in the use of evidence-based therapies in older persons with diabetes mellitus in for-profit managed care. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 May; 51(5):665-70. PMID: 12752842.
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