Philippe I Bourgois

Title(s)Professor-in-Residence, Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-1600-233X Additional info
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Deported, homeless, and into the canal: Environmental structural violence in the binational Tijuana River. Soc Sci Med. 2022 07; 305:115044. Calderón-Villarreal A, Terry B, Friedman J, González-Olachea SA, Chavez A, Díaz López M, Pacheco Bufanda L, Martinez C, Medina Ponce SE, Cázares-Adame R, Rochin Bochm PF, Kayser G, Strathdee SA, Muñoz Meléndez G, Holmes SM, Bojorquez I, Los Huertos M, Bourgois P. PMID: 35633600; PMCID: PMC9585906.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. The introduction of fentanyl on the US-Mexico border: An ethnographic account triangulated with drug checking data from Tijuana. Int J Drug Policy. 2022 06; 104:103678. Friedman J, Bourgois P, Godvin M, Chavez A, Pacheco L, Segovia LA, Beletsky L, Arredondo J. PMID: 35421740; PMCID: PMC9169560.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. An Ethnographic Assessment of COVID-19‒Related Changes to the Risk Environment for People Who Use Drugs in Tijuana, Mexico. Am J Public Health. 2022 04; 112(S2):S199-S205. Friedman J, Calderón-Villarreal A, Adame RC, Abramovitz D, Rafful C, Rangel G, Vera A, Strathdee SA, Bourgois P. PMID: 35349326; PMCID: PMC8965188.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    4. Xylazine spreads across the US: A growing component of the increasingly synthetic and polysubstance overdose crisis. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2022 04 01; 233:109380. Friedman J, Montero F, Bourgois P, Wahbi R, Dye D, Goodman-Meza D, Shover C. PMID: 35247724; PMCID: PMC9128597.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Potency-Enhancing Synthetics in the Drug Overdose Epidemic: Xylazine (“Tranq”), Fentanyl, Methamphetamine, and the Displacement of Heroin in Philadelphia and Tijuana. Journal of Illicit Economies and Development. 2022; 4(2):204–222. Fernando Montero; Philippe Bourgois; Joseph Friedman. . View Publication.
    6. Racial/Ethnic, Social, and Geographic Trends in Overdose-Associated Cardiac Arrests Observed by US Emergency Medical Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Psychiatry. 2021 08 01; 78(8):886-895. Friedman J, Mann NC, Hansen H, Bourgois P, Braslow J, Bui AAT, Beletsky L, Schriger DL. PMID: 34037672; PMCID: PMC8156174.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    7. Prevalence and predictors of recent temporary psychiatric hold among a cohort of people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 10 01; 227:108916. Simpson KA, Gevorgian H, Kral AH, Wenger L, Bourgois P, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 34358770; PMCID: PMC8464528.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Interpersonal and Structural Violence in the Wake of COVID-19. Am J Public Health. 2020 11; 110(11):1659-1661. Samra S, Schneberk T, Hsieh D, Bourgois P. PMID: 33026861; PMCID: PMC7542268.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    9. Intersectional structural vulnerability to abusive policing among people who inject drugs: A mixed methods assessment in California's central valley. Int J Drug Policy. 2021 01; 87:102981. Friedman J, Syvertsen JL, Bourgois P, Bui A, Beletsky L, Pollini R. PMID: 33129133; PMCID: PMC7940555.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    10. Structural vulnerability to narcotics-driven firearm violence: An ethnographic and epidemiological study of Philadelphia's Puerto Rican inner-city. PLoS One. 2019; 14(11):e0225376. Friedman J, Karandinos G, Hart LK, Castrillo FM, Graetz N, Bourgois P. PMID: 31751394; PMCID: PMC6872141.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Assessment of Racial/Ethnic and Income Disparities in the Prescription of Opioids and Other Controlled Medications in California. JAMA Intern Med. 2019 04 01; 179(4):469-476. Friedman J, Kim D, Schneberk T, Bourgois P, Shin M, Celious A, Schriger DL. PMID: 30742196; PMCID: PMC6450285.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 58     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. My Child's Journey Home: Perspectives of Adult Family Members on the Separation and Reunification of the "Disappeared" Children of El Salvador. Hum Rights Q. 2019 Feb; 41(1):91-114. Barnert E, Lopez N, Bourgois P, Ryan G, Chung PJ, Stover E. PMID: 31327885; PMCID: PMC6641541.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    13. The Structural Violence of Hyperincarceration - A 44-Year-Old Man with Back Pain. N Engl J Med. 2019 Jan 17; 380(3):205-209. Karandinos G, Bourgois P. PMID: 30650324; PMCID: PMC6689242.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Citywide cluster randomized trial to restore blighted vacant land and its effects on violence, crime, and fear. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 03 20; 115(12):2946-2951. Branas CC, South E, Kondo MC, Hohl BC, Bourgois P, Wiebe DJ, MacDonald JM. PMID: 29483246; PMCID: PMC5866574.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 62     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    15. Differences in time to injection onset by drug in California: Implications for the emerging heroin epidemic. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 04 01; 185:253-259. Bluthenthal RN, Chu D, Wenger LD, Bourgois P, Valente T, Kral AH. PMID: 29477084; PMCID: PMC5889717.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    16. Decolonising drug studies in an era of predatory accumulation. Third World Q. 2018; 39(2):385-398. Bourgois P. PMID: 29861516; PMCID: PMC5976441.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    17. Drug use generations and patterns of injection drug use: Birth cohort differences among people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 06 01; 175:210-218. Bluthenthal RN, Wenger L, Chu D, Bourgois P, Kral AH. PMID: 28448905; PMCID: PMC5494991.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Structural Vulnerability: Operationalizing the Concept to Address Health Disparities in Clinical Care. Acad Med. 2017 03; 92(3):299-307. Bourgois P, Holmes SM, Sue K, Quesada J. PMID: 27415443; PMCID: PMC5233668.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 126     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. The Textures of Heroin: User Perspectives on "Black Tar" and Powder Heroin in Two U.S. Cities. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2016 Sep-Oct; 48(4):270-8. Mars SG, Bourgois P, Karandinos G, Montero F, Ciccarone D. PMID: 27440088; PMCID: PMC5027195.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Injecting drugs in tight spaces: HIV, cocaine and collinearity in the Downtown Eastside, Vancouver, Canada. Int J Drug Policy. 2016 07; 33:36-43. Ciccarone D, Bourgois P. PMID: 27117187; PMCID: PMC4947565.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    21. [Pax Narcotica : The Open-Air Drug Markets of Philadelphia's Puerto Rican Inner City]. Homme. 2016; 3(219-220):31-62. Bourgois P, Hart LK. PMID: 28090135; PMCID: PMC5226208.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3  
    22. Heroin-related overdose: The unexplored influences of markets, marketing and source-types in the United States. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Sep; 140:44-53. Mars SG, Fessel JN, Bourgois P, Montero F, Karandinos G, Ciccarone D. PMID: 26202771; PMCID: PMC4587985.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. HIV/AIDS in Puerto Rican People Who Inject Drugs: Policy Considerations. Am J Public Health. 2015 Jan; 105(1):e3. López LM, de Saxe Zerden L, Bourgois P, Hansen H, Abadie R, Dombrowski K, Curtis R. PMID: 25393174; PMCID: PMC4265929.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    
    24. Non-partner violence against women who use drugs in San Francisco. Violence Against Women. 2014 Nov; 20(11):1285-98. Lorvick J, Lutnick A, Wenger LD, Bourgois P, Cheng H, Kral AH. PMID: 25288597; PMCID: PMC4332555.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Examining the associations between sex trade involvement, rape, and symptomatology of sexual abuse trauma. J Interpers Violence. 2015 Jul; 30(11):1847-63. Lutnick A, Harris J, Lorvick J, Cheng H, Wenger LD, Bourgois P, Kral AH. PMID: 25210029; PMCID: PMC4363006.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. The Moral Economy of Violence in the US Inner City. Curr Anthropol. 2014 Feb; 55(1):1-22. Karandinos G, Hart LK, Castrillo FM, Bourgois P. PMID: 25067849; PMCID: PMC4108265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    
    27. Pathologizing poverty: new forms of diagnosis, disability, and structural stigma under welfare reform. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Feb; 103:76-83. Hansen H, Bourgois P, Drucker E. PMID: 24507913; PMCID: PMC3920192.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Urban segregation and the US heroin market: a quantitative model of anthropological hypotheses from an inner-city drug market. Int J Drug Policy. 2014 May; 25(3):543-55. Rosenblum D, Castrillo FM, Bourgois P, Mars S, Karandinos G, Unick GJ, Ciccarone D. PMID: 24445118; PMCID: PMC4062603.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. "Every 'never' I ever said came true": transitions from opioid pills to heroin injecting. Int J Drug Policy. 2014 Mar; 25(2):257-66. Mars SG, Bourgois P, Karandinos G, Montero F, Ciccarone D. PMID: 24238956; PMCID: PMC3961517.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 168     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. The good-enough science-and-politics of anthropological collaboration with evidence-based clinical research: Four ethnographic case studies. Soc Sci Med. 2013 Dec; 99:176-86. Messac L, Ciccarone D, Draine J, Bourgois P. PMID: 23664236; PMCID: PMC3775979.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Low-frequency heroin injection among out-of-treatment, street-recruited injection drug users. J Urban Health. 2013 Apr; 90(2):299-306. Harris JL, Lorvick J, Wenger L, Wilkins T, Iguchi MY, Bourgois P, Kral AH. PMID: 22689300; PMCID: PMC3675722.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. [The Habit of Rage in a United States Ghetto.] Espac Abierto. 2013 Apr; 22(2):201-213. Bourgois P, Castrillo FM, Hart L, Karandinos G. PMID: 24532976; PMCID: PMC3924749.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    33. Interdisciplinary mixed methods research with structurally vulnerable populations: case studies of injection drug users in San Francisco. Int J Drug Policy. 2013 Mar; 24(2):101-9. Lopez AM, Bourgois P, Wenger LD, Lorvick J, Martinez AN, Kral AH. PMID: 23312109; PMCID: PMC3954115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Sexual pleasure and sexual risk among women who use methamphetamine: a mixed methods study. Int J Drug Policy. 2012 Sep; 23(5):385-92. Lorvick J, Bourgois P, Wenger LD, Arreola SG, Lutnick A, Wechsberg WM, Kral AH. PMID: 22954501; PMCID: PMC3466046.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Bringing HIV, Substance Abuse and Homelessness into the University of Pennsylvania Anthropology Museum through Photo-Ethnography. Phila Soc Innov J. 2012; 2012(10):433. Bourgois P. PMID: 23885347; PMCID: PMC3718501.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    36. Théoriser la violence en Améerique: Retour sur trente ans d'ethnographie. Homme. 2012; 203-204(3-4):139-1682. Bourgois P, Hewlett C, Hewlett C. PMID: 23976819; PMCID: PMC3748611.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    37. Commentary on Genberg et al. (2011): the structural vulnerability imposed by hypersegregated US inner-city neighborhoods--a theoretical and practical challenge for substance abuse research. Addiction. 2011 Nov; 106(11):1975-7. Bourgois P, Hart LK. PMID: 21978310; PMCID: PMC3197854.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Education, empowerment and community based structural reinforcement: an HIV prevention response to mass incarceration and removal. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2011 Jul-Aug; 34(4):295-302. Draine J, McTighe L, Bourgois P. PMID: 21794919; PMCID: PMC3171601.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Structural vulnerability and health: Latino migrant laborers in the United States. Med Anthropol. 2011 Jul; 30(4):339-62. Quesada J, Hart LK, Bourgois P. PMID: 21777121; PMCID: PMC3146033.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 162     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    40. Lumpen Abuse: The Human Cost of Righteous Neoliberalism. City Soc (Wash). 2011 Jun; 23(1):2-12. Bourgois P. PMID: 21857771; PMCID: PMC3156248.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6  
    41. Drug use patterns in the presence of crack in downtown Montr�al. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2012 Jan; 31(1):72-80. Roy E, Arruda N, Vaillancourt E, Boivin JF, Morissette C, Leclerc P, Alary M, Bourgois P. PMID: 21426421; PMCID: PMC3136624.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Qualitative social research in addictions publishing: Creating an enabling journal environment. Int J Drug Policy. 2010 Nov; 21(6):441-4. Rhodes T, Stimson GV, Moore D, Bourgois P. PMID: 21051214; PMCID: PMC3082946.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. The challenge of pregnancy among homeless youth: reclaiming a lost opportunity. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2010 May; 21(2 Suppl):140-56. Smid M, Bourgois P, Auerswald CL. PMID: 20453382; PMCID: PMC3037014.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Acceptability of a safer injection facility among injection drug users in San Francisco. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Jul 01; 110(1-2):160-3. Kral AH, Wenger L, Carpenter L, Wood E, Kerr T, Bourgois P. PMID: 20303679; PMCID: PMC2885552.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    45. Salud Colect. 2010; 6(3):357-369. Alarc?n C, Bourgois P. PMID: 21776248; PMCID: PMC3137924.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    46. Understanding illicit substance use in the real world. Med Educ. 2008 May; 42(5):532. Ciccarone D, Jain S, Bourgois P. PMID: 18412911; PMCID: PMC2597378.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. The mystery of marijuana: science and the U.S. War on Drugs. Subst Use Misuse. 2008; 43(3-4):581-3. Bourgois P. PMID: 18365954; PMCID: PMC2703743.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    48. Sofferenza e vulnerabilitá socialmente strutturate. Tossicodipendenti senzatetto negli Stati Uniti. Antropologia (Rome). 2008 Jan 01; 2008(9-10):113-136. Bourgois P. PMID: 24381949; PMCID: PMC3874397.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    49. Ethnic dimensions of habitus among homeless heroin injectors. Ethnography. 2007 Jan 01; 8(1):7-31. Bourgois P, Schonberg J. PMID: 19777125; PMCID: PMC2748417.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7  
    50. Reinterpreting ethnic patterns among white and African American men who inject heroin: a social science of medicine approach. PLoS Med. 2006 Oct; 3(10):e452. Bourgois P, Martinez A, Kral A, Edlin BR, Schonberg J, Ciccarone D. PMID: 17076569; PMCID: PMC1621100.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. The price of adherence: qualitative findings from HIV positive individuals purchasing fixed-dose combination generic HIV antiretroviral therapy in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS Behav. 2006 Jul; 10(4):437-42. Crane JT, Kawuma A, Oyugi JH, Byakika JT, Moss A, Bourgois P, Bangsberg DR. PMID: 16636892; PMCID: PMC2386888.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. The social structural production of HIV risk among injecting drug users. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Sep; 61(5):1026-44. Rhodes T, Singer M, Bourgois P, Friedman SR, Strathdee SA. PMID: 15955404.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 389     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. "You cannot do nothing in this damn place": sex and intimacy among couples with an incarcerated male partner. J Sex Res. 2005 Feb; 42(1):3-12. Comfort M, Grinstead O, McCartney K, Bourgois P, Knight K. PMID: 15795799; PMCID: PMC2699406.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Masculinity and undocumented labor migration: injured latino day laborers in San Francisco. Soc Sci Med. 2004 Sep; 59(6):1159-68. Walter N, Bourgois P, Margarita Loinaz H. PMID: 15210088; PMCID: PMC2690638.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. The Everyday Violence of Hepatitis C Among Young Women Who Inject Drugs in San Francisco. Hum Organ. 2004 Sep; 63(3):253-264. Bourgois P, Prince B, Moss A. PMID: 16685288; PMCID: PMC1458969.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 123  
    56. Explaining the geographical variation of HIV among injection drug users in the United States. Subst Use Misuse. 2003 Dec; 38(14):2049-63. Ciccarone D, Bourgois P. PMID: 14677781; PMCID: PMC1343535.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    57. University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, Department of Anthropology, History and Social Medicine. Acad Med. 2003 Oct; 78(10):1060-1. Bourgois P. PMID: 14534115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    58. Hepatitis C virus seroconversion among young injection drug users: relationships and risks. J Infect Dis. 2002 Dec 01; 186(11):1558-64. Hahn JA, Page-Shafer K, Lum PJ, Bourgois P, Stein E, Evans JL, Busch MP, Tobler LH, Phelps B, Moss AR. PMID: 12447730.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 142     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    59. Social context of work injury among undocumented day laborers in San Francisco. J Gen Intern Med. 2002 Mar; 17(3):221-9. Walter N, Bourgois P, Margarita Loinaz H, Schillinger D. PMID: 11929509; PMCID: PMC1495019.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Buprenorphine: "field trials" of a new drug. Qual Health Res. 2001 Jan; 11(1):69-84. Agar M, Bourgois P, French J, Murdoch O. PMID: 11147165.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Disciplining addictions: the bio-politics of methadone and heroin in the United States. Cult Med Psychiatry. 2000 Jun; 24(2):165-95. Bourgois P. PMID: 10885786.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 70     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Theory, method, and power in drug and HIV-prevention research: a participant-observer's critique. Subst Use Misuse. 1999 Dec; 34(14):2155-72. Bourgois P. PMID: 10573309.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    63. The moral economies of homeless heroin addicts: confronting ethnography, HIV risk, and everyday violence in San Francisco shooting encampments. Subst Use Misuse. 1998 Sep; 33(11):2323-51. Bourgois P. PMID: 9758016.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 94     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. The political economy of resistance and self-destruction in the crack economy. An ethnographic perspective. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1995 Jun 26; 749:97-118. Bourgois P. PMID: 7611614.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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