My lab is interested in understanding how our earliest sensory experiences pattern synaptic connections in the cortex and how this, in turn, shapes the function of neural circuitry. We explore this in the visual system, including primary visual cortex, higher visual cortical regions, superior colliculus, amygdala, and thalamus. Vision is the primary sense we use to evaluate social structures, individual faces, threats, and rewards. Our goal is to understand the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which early experiences instruct synpatic connectivity, network connectivity, and network function in cortical circuits. We also wish to understand how these experiential changes shape behavior. Our work employs sophisticated imaging and molecular techniques, including longitudinal multi-photon imaging of genetically encoded calcium indicators that are expressed in specific cell types, and single cell transcriptomics.