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Crandall Carolyn

Title(s)Professor, Medicine
Phone310-794-2985
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Health Sciences Clinical Professor, General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Lifespan Psychosocial Profiles and Biological Pathways to Bone Strength
    NIH/NIA R01AG033067Sep 15, 2009 - Aug 31, 2014
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Mori T, Crandall CJ, Ganz DA. Cost-Effectiveness of Sequential Teriparatide/Alendronate Versus Alendronate-Alone Strategies in High-Risk Osteoporotic Women in the US: Analyzing the Impact of Generic/Biosimilar Teriparatide. JBMR Plus. 2019 Nov; 3(11):e10233. PMID: 31768491.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Qaseem A, Crandall CJ, Mustafa RA, Hicks LA, Wilt TJ. Screening for Colorectal Cancer in Asymptomatic Average-Risk Adults: A Guidance Statement From the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2019 Nov 05; 171(9):643-654. PMID: 31683290.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Leslie WD, Crandall CJ. Population-Based Osteoporosis Primary Prevention and Screening for Quality of Care in Osteoporosis, Current Osteoporosis Reports. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2019 Oct 31. PMID: 31673933.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Ensrud KE, Crandall CJ. Bisphosphonates for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis. JAMA. 2019 Oct 17. PMID: 31621799.
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    5. Kremer PA, Laughlin GA, Shadyab ASH, Crandall CJ, Masaki K, Orchad T, LaCroix AZ. Association between soft drink consumption and osteoporotic fractures among postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative. Menopause. 2019 Oct 14. PMID: 31613830.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Crandall CJ. Treatment of Vulvovaginal Atrophy. JAMA. 2019 Sep 26. PMID: 31556910.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Conley RB, Adib G, Adler RA, Akesson KE, Alexander IM, Amenta KC, Blank RD, Brox WT, Carmody EE, Chapman-Novakofski K, Clarke BL, Cody KM, Cooper C, Crandall CJ, Dirschl DR, Eagen TJ, Elderkin AL, Fujita M, Greenspan SL, Halbout P, Hochberg MC, Javaid M, Jeray KJ, Kearns AE, King T, Koinis TF, Koontz JS, Kuzma M, Lindsey C, Lorentzon M, Lyritis GP, Michaud LB, Miciano A, Morin SN, Mujahid N, Napoli N, Olenginski TP, Puzas JE, Rizou S, Rosen CJ, Saag K, Thompson E, Tosi LL, Tracer H, Khosla S, Kiel D. Secondary Fracture Prevention: Consensus Clinical Recommendations from a Multistakeholder Coalition. J Bone Miner Res. 2019 Sep 20. PMID: 31538675.
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    8. Bouskill K, Hempel S, Richardson A, Ganz PA, Baxi S, Zutshi R, Larkin J, Motala A, Miles JNV, Crandall CJ. Evidence map of ductal carcinoma in situ management options. Menopause. 2019 Sep 16. PMID: 31567868.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Hedlin H, Weitlauf J, Crandall CJ, Nassir R, Cauley JA, Garcia L, Brunner R, Robinson J, Stefanick ML, Robbins J. Development of a comprehensive health-risk prediction tool for postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2019 Sep 16. PMID: 31567871.
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    10. Manson JE, Aragaki AK, Bassuk SS, Chlebowski RT, Anderson GL, Rossouw JE, Howard BV, Thomson CA, Stefanick ML, Kaunitz AM, Crandall CJ, Eaton CB, Henderson VW, Liu S, Luo J, Rohan T, Shadyab AH, Wells G, Wactawski-Wende J, Prentice RL. Menopausal Estrogen-Alone Therapy and Health Outcomes in Women With and Without Bilateral Oophorectomy: A Randomized Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2019 Sep 10. PMID: 31499528.
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    11. Crandall CJ. Strong Bones, Strong Body. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2019 Sep; 46(3):541-552. PMID: 31378294.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Shieh A, Greendale GA, Cauley JA, Karvonen-Gutierrez C, Crandall CJ, Karlamangla AS. Estradiol and Follicle-Stimulating Hormone as Predictors of Onset of Menopause Transition-Related Bone Loss in Pre- and Perimenopausal Women. J Bone Miner Res. 2019 Aug 23. PMID: 31442329.
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    13. Shifren JL, Crandall CJ, Manson JE. Menopausal Hormone Therapy. JAMA. 2019 Jun 25; 321(24):2458-2459. PMID: 31145419.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Crandall CJ, Schousboe JT, Morin SN, Lix LM, Leslie W. Performance of FRAX and FRAX-Based Treatment Thresholds in Women Aged 40 Years and Older: The Manitoba BMD Registry. J Bone Miner Res. 2019 Aug; 34(8):1419-1427. PMID: 30920022.
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    15. Crandall CJ, Livingston E. Women's Health: A New JAMA Clinical Insights Series. JAMA. 2019 05 07; 321(17):1676. PMID: 30977760.
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    16. Haring B, Crandall CJ, Carbone L, Liu S, Li W, Johnson KC, Wactawski-Wende J, Shadyab AH, Gass ML, Kamensky V, Cauley JA, Wassertheil-Smoller S. Lipoprotein(a) plasma levels, bone mineral density and risk of hip fracture: a post hoc analysis of the Women's Health Initiative, USA. BMJ Open. 2019 Apr 24; 9(4):e027257. PMID: 31023762.
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    17. Crandall CJ. Can We Pave the Pathway to Fracture Prevention? Ann Intern Med. 2019 Jul 02; 171(1):62-63. PMID: 31009937.
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    18. Ensrud KE, Crandall CJ. In older postmenopausal women with osteopenia, zoledronate reduced fragility fractures at 6 years. Ann Intern Med. 2019 Apr 16; 170(8):JC42. PMID: 30986832.
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    19. Kling JM, MacLaughlin KL, Schnatz PF, Crandall CJ, Skinner LJ, Stuenkel CA, Kaunitz AM, Bitner DL, Mara K, Fohmader Hilsaca KS, Faubion SS. Menopause Management Knowledge in Postgraduate Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Obstetrics and Gynecology Residents: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Mayo Clin Proc. 2019 02; 94(2):242-253. PMID: 30711122.
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    20. Crandall CJ, Larson J, Manson JE, Cauley JA, LaCroix AZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Datta M, Sattari M, Schousboe JT, Leslie WD, Ensrud KE. A Comparison of US and Canadian Osteoporosis Screening and Treatment Strategies in Postmenopausal Women. J Bone Miner Res. 2019 Apr; 34(4):607-615. PMID: 30536628.
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    21. Chlebowski RT, Mortimer JE, Crandall CJ, Pan K, Manson JE, Nelson R, Johnson KC, Vitolin MZ, Lane D, Wactawski-Wende J, Kwan K, Stefanick ML. Persistent vasomotor symptoms and breast cancer in the Women's Health Initiative. Menopause. 2018 12 28; 26(6):578-587. PMID: 30601454.
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    22. Crawford SL, Crandall CJ, Derby CA, El Khoudary SR, Waetjen LE, Fischer M, Joffe H. Menopausal hormone therapy trends before versus after 2002: impact of the Women's Health Initiative Study Results. Menopause. 2018 12 21; 26(6):588-597. PMID: 30586004.
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    23. Bhupathiraju SN, Grodstein F, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Crandall CJ, Shifren JL, Manson JE. Vaginal estrogen use and chronic disease risk in the Nurses' Health Study. Menopause. 2018 12 17; 26(6):603-610. PMID: 30562320.
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    24. Cauley JA, Hovey KM, Stone KL, Andrews CA, Barbour KE, Hale L, Jackson RD, Johnson KC, LeBlanc ES, Li W, Zaslavsky O, Ochs-Balcom H, Wactawski-Wende J, Crandall CJ. Characteristics of Self-Reported Sleep and the Risk of Falls and Fractures: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI). J Bone Miner Res. 2019 Mar; 34(3):464-474. PMID: 30461066.
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    25. Karlamangla AS, Burnett-Bowie SM, Crandall CJ. Bone Health During the Menopause Transition and Beyond. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2018 Dec; 45(4):695-708. PMID: 30401551.
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    26. Beavers KM, Neiberg RH, Johnson KC, Davis CH, Casanova R, Schwartz AV, Crandall CJ, Lewis CE, Pi-Sunyer X, Kritchevsky SB. Impact of Body Weight Dynamics Following Intentional Weight Loss on Fracture Risk: Results from The Action for Health in Diabetes Study. JBMR Plus. 2019 May; 3(5):e10086. PMID: 31131339.
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    27. Crandall CJ, Larson J, LaCroix A, Cauley JA, LeBoff MS, Li W, LeBlanc ES, Edwards BJ, Manson JE, Ensrud K. Predicting Fracture Risk in Younger Postmenopausal Women: Comparison of the Garvan and FRAX Risk Calculators in the Women's Health Initiative Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2019 Feb; 34(2):235-242. PMID: 30334182.
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    28. Shufelt C, Bairey Merz CN, Pettinger MB, Choi L, Chlebowski R, Crandall CJ, Liu S, Lane D, Prentice R, Manson JE. Estrogen-alone therapy and invasive breast cancer incidence by dose, formulation, and route of delivery: findings from the WHI observational study. Menopause. 2018 09; 25(9):985-991. PMID: 29738414.
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    29. Crandall CJ, Vasan S, LaCroix A, LeBoff MS, Cauley JA, Robbins JA, Jackson RD, Bauer DC. Bone Turnover Markers Are Not Associated With Hip Fracture Risk: A Case-Control Study in the Women's Health Initiative. J Bone Miner Res. 2018 07; 33(7):1199-1208. PMID: 29923225.
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    30. Newcomb PA, Adams SV, Mayer S, Passarelli MN, Tinker L, Lane D, Chlebowski RT, Crandall CJ. Postmenopausal Fracture History and Survival After Reproductive Cancer Diagnosis. JNCI Cancer Spectr. 2018 Jan; 2(1):pky001. PMID: 31355356.
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    31. Ensrud KE, Crandall CJ. Osteoporosis. Ann Intern Med. 2018 02 20; 168(4):306-307. PMID: 29459962.
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    32. Reeves KW, Pennell M, Foraker RE, Crandall CJ, Stefanick M, Paskett ED. Predictors of vasomotor symptoms among breast cancer survivors. J Cancer Surviv. 2018 06; 12(3):379-387. PMID: 29427202.
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    33. Crandall CJ, Hovey KM, Andrews CA, Chlebowski RT, Stefanick ML, Lane DS, Shifren J, Chen C, Kaunitz AM, Cauley JA, Manson JE. Breast cancer, endometrial cancer, and cardiovascular events in participants who used vaginal estrogen in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Menopause. 2018 Jan; 25(1):11-20. PMID: 28816933.
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    34. Crandall CJ. LETTER TO THE EDITOR. Endocr Pract. 2017 11; 23(11):1359. PMID: 29190138.
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    35. Jung SY, Rohan T, Strickler H, Bea J, Zhang ZF, Ho G, Crandall C. Genetic variants and traits related to insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin resistance and their interaction with lifestyles on postmenopausal colorectal cancer risk. PLoS One. 2017; 12(10):e0186296. PMID: 29023587.
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    36. Crandall CJ, Hovey KM, Andrews C, Cauley JA, Stefanick M, Shufelt C, Prentice RL, Kaunitz AM, Eaton C, Wactawski-Wende J, Manson JE. Comparison of clinical outcomes among users of oral and transdermal estrogen therapy in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Menopause. 2017 Oct; 24(10):1145-1153. PMID: 28697036.
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    37. Harris R, Chang Y, Beavers K, Laddu-Patel D, Bea J, Johnson K, LeBoff M, Womack C, Wallace R, Li W, Crandall C, Cauley J. Risk of Fracture in Women with Sarcopenia, Low Bone Mass, or Both. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Dec; 65(12):2673-2678. PMID: 28960230.
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    38. Diem SJ, Peters KW, Gourlay ML, Schousboe JT, Taylor BC, Orwoll ES, Cauley JA, Langsetmo L, Crandall CJ, Ensrud KE. Screening for Osteoporosis in Older Men: Operating Characteristics of Proposed Strategies for Selecting Men for BMD Testing. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Nov; 32(11):1235-1241. PMID: 28815485.
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    39. Ensrud KE, Crandall CJ. Osteoporosis. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Aug 01; 167(3):ITC17-ITC32. PMID: 28761958.
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    40. Crandall CJ, Liu J, Cauley J, Newcomb PA, Manson JE, Vitolins MZ, Jacobson LT, Rykman KK, Stefanick ML. Associations of Parity, Breastfeeding, and Fractures in the Women's Health Observational Study. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 07; 130(1):171-180. PMID: 28594759.
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    41. Wang Y, Wactawski-Wende J, Sucheston-Campbell LE, Preus L, Hovey KM, Nie J, Jackson RD, Handelman SK, Nassir R, Crandall CJ, Ochs-Balcom HM. Gene-Hormone Therapy Interaction and Fracture Risk in Postmenopausal Women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 06 01; 102(6):1908-1916. PMID: 28324062.
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    42. Kling JM, Manson JE, Naughton MJ, Temkit M, Sullivan SD, Gower EW, Hale L, Weitlauf JC, Nowakowski S, Crandall CJ. Association of sleep disturbance and sexual function in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2017 06; 24(6):604-612. PMID: 28141665.
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    43. Jung SY, Ho G, Rohan T, Strickler H, Bea J, Papp J, Sobel E, Zhang ZF, Crandall C. Interaction of insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin resistance-related genetic variants with lifestyle factors on postmenopausal breast cancer risk. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2017 Jul; 164(2):475-495. PMID: 28478612.
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    44. Gourlay ML, Overman RA, Fine JP, Crandall CJ, Robbins J, Schousboe JT, Ensrud KE, LeBlanc ES, Gass ML, Johnson KC, Womack CR, LaCroix AZ. Time to Clinically Relevant Fracture Risk Scores in Postmenopausal Women. Am J Med. 2017 07; 130(7):862.e15-862.e23. PMID: 28285070.
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    45. Jung SY, Barrington WE, Lane DS, Chen C, Chlebowski R, Corbie-Smith G, Hou L, Zhang ZF, Paek MS, Crandall CJ. Bioavailable insulin-like growth factor-I as mediator of racial disparity in obesity-relevant breast and colorectal cancer risk among postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2017 03; 24(3):288-298. PMID: 27749737.
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    46. Crandall CJ, Manson JE, Hohensee C, Horvath S, Wactawski-Wende J, LeBlanc ES, Vitolins MZ, Nassir R, Sinsheimer JS. Association of genetic variation in the tachykinin receptor 3 locus with hot flashes and night sweats in the Women's Health Initiative Study. Menopause. 2017 03; 24(3):252-261. PMID: 28231077.
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    47. Wang Y, Wactawski-Wende J, Sucheston-Campbell LE, Preus L, Hovey KM, Nie J, Jackson RD, Handelman SK, Nassir R, Crandall CJ, Ochs-Balcom HM. The influence of genetic susceptibility and calcium plus vitamin D supplementation on fracture risk. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017 04; 105(4):970-979. PMID: 28148500.
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    48. Gold EB, Crawford SL, Shelton JF, Tepper PG, Crandall CJ, Greendale GA, Matthews KA, Thurston RC, Avis NE. Longitudinal analysis of changes in weight and waist circumference in relation to incident vasomotor symptoms: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Menopause. 2017 01; 24(1):9-26. PMID: 27749738.
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    49. Watts NB, Cauley JA, Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, Lewis CE, Manson JE, Neuner JM, Phillips LS, Stefanick ML, Wactawski-Wende J, Crandall C. No Increase in Fractures After Stopping Hormone Therapy: Results From the Women's Health Initiative. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 01 01; 102(1):302-308. PMID: 27820659.
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    50. Crandall CJ, Aragaki AK, LeBoff MS, Li W, Wactawski-Wende J, Cauley JA, Margolis KL, Manson JE. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and height loss: findings from the Women's Health Initiative Calcium and Vitamin D clinical trial. Menopause. 2016 12; 23(12):1277-1286. PMID: 27483038.
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    51. Ensrud KE, Harrison SL, Cauley JA, Langsetmo L, Schousboe JT, Kado DM, Gourlay ML, Lyons JG, Fredman L, Napoli N, Crandall CJ, Lewis CE, Orwoll ES, Stefanick ML, Cawthon PM. Impact of Competing Risk of Mortality on Association of Weight Loss With Risk of Central Body Fractures in Older Men: A Prospective Cohort Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Mar; 32(3):624-632. PMID: 27739103.
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    52. Drieling RL, LaCroix AZ, Beresford SA, Boudreau DM, Kooperberg C, Chlebowski RT, Gass M, Crandall CJ, Womack CR, Heckbert SR. Long-term oral bisphosphonate use in relation to fracture risk in postmenopausal women with breast cancer: findings from the Women's Health Initiative. Menopause. 2016 11; 23(11):1168-1175. PMID: 27433859.
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    53. Cauley JA, Smagula SF, Hovey KM, Wactawski-Wende J, Andrews CA, Crandall CJ, LeBoff MS, Li W, Coday M, Sattari M, Tindle HA. Optimism, Cynical Hostility, Falls, and Fractures: The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS). J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Feb; 32(2):221-229. PMID: 27566996.
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    54. Jung SY, Sobel EM, Papp JC, Crandall CJ, Fu AN, Zhang ZF. Obesity and associated lifestyles modify the effect of glucose metabolism-related genetic variants on impaired glucose homeostasis among postmenopausal women. Genet Epidemiol. 2016 09; 40(6):520-30. PMID: 27377425.
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    55. Shieh A, Han W, Ishii S, Greendale GA, Crandall CJ, Karlamangla AS. Quantifying the Balance Between Total Bone Formation and Total Bone Resorption: An Index of Net Bone Formation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 07; 101(7):2802-9. PMID: 27336357.
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    56. Haring B, Crandall CJ, Wu C, LeBlanc ES, Shikany JM, Carbone L, Orchard T, Thomas F, Wactawaski-Wende J, Li W, Cauley JA, Wassertheil-Smoller S. Dietary Patterns and Fractures in Postmenopausal Women: Results From the Women's Health Initiative. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 05 01; 176(5):645-52. PMID: 27019044.
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    57. Crandall CJ, LaMonte MJ, Snively BM, LeBoff MS, Cauley JA, Lewis CE, Wallace R, Li W, Chen Z, Robbins JA, Wactawski-Wende J. Physical Functioning Among Women Aged 80 Years and Older With Previous Fracture. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 Mar; 71 Suppl 1:S31-41. PMID: 26858323.
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    58. Carbone L, Johnson KC, Huang Y, Pettinger M, Thomas F, Cauley J, Crandall C, Tinker L, LeBoff MS, Wactawski-Wende J, Bethel M, Li W, Prentice R. Sodium Intake and Osteoporosis. Findings From the Women's Health Initiative. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Apr; 101(4):1414-21. PMID: 26863423.
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    59. Crandall CJ. Risk Assessment Tools for Osteoporosis Screening in Postmenopausal Women: A Systematic Review. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2015 Oct; 13(5):287-301. PMID: 26233285.
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    60. Crandall CJ, Hovey KM, Andrews CA, Cauley JA, Manson JE, Wactawski-Wende J, Wright NC, Li W, Beavers K, Curtis JR, LeBoff MS. Bone Mineral Density as a Predictor of Subsequent Wrist Fractures: Findings From the Women's Health Initiative Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Nov; 100(11):4315-24. PMID: 26367200.
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    61. Carbone LD, Hovey KM, Andrews CA, Thomas F, Sorensen MD, Crandall CJ, Watts NB, Bethel M, Johnson KC. Urinary Tract Stones and Osteoporosis: Findings From the Women's Health Initiative. J Bone Miner Res. 2015 Nov; 30(11):2096-102. PMID: 25990099.
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    62. Crandall CJ, Hovey KM, Cauley JA, Andrews CA, Curtis JR, Wactawski-Wende J, Wright NC, Li W, LeBoff MS. Wrist Fracture and Risk of Subsequent Fracture: Findings from the Women's Health Initiative Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2015 Nov; 30(11):2086-95. PMID: 25990562.
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    63. Gourlay ML, Overman RA, Fine JP, Ensrud KE, Crandall CJ, Gass ML, Robbins J, Johnson KC, LeBlanc ES, Womack CR, Schousboe JT, LaCroix AZ. Baseline age and time to major fracture in younger postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2015 Jun; 22(6):589-97. PMID: 25349960.
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    64. Crandall CJ, Yildiz VO, Wactawski-Wende J, Johnson KC, Chen Z, Going SB, Wright NC, Cauley JA. Postmenopausal weight change and incidence of fracture: post hoc findings from Women's Health Initiative Observational Study and Clinical Trials. BMJ. 2015 Jan 27; 350:h25. PMID: 25627698.
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    65. Crandall CJ, Aragaki A, Cauley JA, Manson JE, LeBlanc E, Wallace R, Wactawski-Wende J, LaCroix A, O'Sullivan MJ, Vitolins M, Watts NB. Associations of menopausal vasomotor symptoms with fracture incidence. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Feb; 100(2):524-34. PMID: 25522264.
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    66. Mori T, Ishii S, Greendale GA, Cauley JA, Ruppert K, Crandall CJ, Karlamangla AS. Parity, lactation, bone strength, and 16-year fracture risk in adult women: findings from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Bone. 2015 Apr; 73:160-6. PMID: 25528102.
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    67. Crandall CJ, Karlamangla AS, Merkin SS, Binkley N, Carr D, Greendale GA, Seeman TE. Adult bone strength of children from single-parent families: the Midlife in the United States Study. Osteoporos Int. 2015 Mar; 26(3):931-42. PMID: 25510582.
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    68. Crandall CJ, Larson JC, Watts NB, Gourlay ML, Donaldson MG, LaCroix A, Cauley JA, Wactawski-Wende J, Gass ML, Robbins JA, Ensrud KE. Comparison of fracture risk prediction by the US Preventive Services Task Force strategy and two alternative strategies in women 50-64 years old in the Women's Health Initiative. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Dec; 99(12):4514-22. PMID: 25322268.
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    69. Crandall CJ, Newberry SJ, Diamant A, Lim YW, Gellad WF, Booth MJ, Motala A, Shekelle PG. Comparative effectiveness of pharmacologic treatments to prevent fractures: an updated systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Nov 18; 161(10):711-23. PMID: 25199883.
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    70. Crandall CJ, Larson J, Gourlay ML, Donaldson MG, LaCroix A, Cauley JA, Wactawski-Wende J, Gass ML, Robbins JA, Watts NB, Ensrud KE. Osteoporosis screening in postmenopausal women 50 to 64 years old: comparison of US Preventive Services Task Force strategy and two traditional strategies in the Women's Health Initiative. J Bone Miner Res. 2014 Jul; 29(7):1661-6. PMID: 24431262.
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    71. Pregler JP, Crandall CJ. Update in Women's Health: evidence published in 2013. Ann Intern Med. 2014 May 06; 160(9):627-33. PMID: 24722675.
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    72. Srikanthan P, Crandall CJ, Miller-Martinez D, Seeman TE, Greendale GA, Binkley N, Karlamangla AS. Insulin resistance and bone strength: findings from the study of midlife in the United States. J Bone Miner Res. 2014 Apr; 29(4):796-803. PMID: 23983216.
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    73. Mori T, Karlamangla AS, Merkin SS, Crandall CJ, Binkley N, Greendale GA, Seeman TE. Multisystem dysregulation and bone strength: findings from the study of midlife in the United States. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 May; 99(5):1843-51. PMID: 24527715.
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    74. Crandall CJ, Han W, Greendale GA, Seeman T, Tepper P, Thurston R, Karvonen-Gutierrez C, Karlamangla AS. Socioeconomic status in relation to incident fracture risk in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Osteoporos Int. 2014 Apr; 25(4):1379-88. PMID: 24504101.
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    75. Robbins JA, Aragaki A, Crandall CJ, Manson JE, Carbone L, Jackson R, Lewis CE, Johnson KC, Sarto G, Stefanick ML, Wactawski-Wende J. Women's Health Initiative clinical trials: interaction of calcium and vitamin D with hormone therapy. Menopause. 2014 Feb; 21(2):116-23. PMID: 23799356.
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    76. Ishii S, Cauley JA, Greendale GA, Crandall CJ, Danielson ME, Ouchi Y, Karlamangla AS. C-reactive protein, bone strength, and nine-year fracture risk: data from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Jul; 28(7):1688-98. PMID: 23456822.
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    77. Karlamangla AS, Mori T, Merkin SS, Seeman TE, Greendale GA, Binkley N, Crandall CJ. Childhood socioeconomic status and adult femoral neck bone strength: findings from the Midlife in the United States Study. Bone. 2013 Oct; 56(2):320-6. PMID: 23810840.
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    78. Gold EB, Crawford SL, Avis NE, Crandall CJ, Matthews KA, Waetjen LE, Lee JS, Thurston R, Vuga M, Harlow SD. Factors related to age at natural menopause: longitudinal analyses from SWAN. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Jul 01; 178(1):70-83. PMID: 23788671.
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    79. Crandall CJ, Barrett-Connor E. Endogenous sex steroid levels and cardiovascular disease in relation to the menopause: a systematic review. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2013 Jun; 42(2):227-53. PMID: 23702399.
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    80. Crandall CJ. Oh, bother! Disentangling hot flash severity and frequency. Menopause. 2013 Apr; 20(4):363-4. PMID: 23481120.
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    81. Crandall CJ, Tseng CH, Karlamangla AS, Finkelstein JS, Randolph JF, Thurston RC, Huang MH, Zheng H, Greendale GA. Serum sex steroid levels and longitudinal changes in bone density in relation to the final menstrual period. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Apr; 98(4):E654-63. PMID: 23443812.
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    82. Cauley JA, Danielson ME, Greendale GA, Finkelstein JS, Chang YF, Lo JC, Crandall CJ, Neer RM, Ruppert K, Meyn L, Prairie BA, Sowers MR. Bone resorption and fracture across the menopausal transition: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Menopause. 2012 Nov; 19(11):1200-7. PMID: 22850443.
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    88. Greendale GA, Sowers M, Han W, Huang MH, Finkelstein JS, Crandall CJ, Lee JS, Karlamangla AS. Bone mineral density loss in relation to the final menstrual period in a multiethnic cohort: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Jan; 27(1):111-8. PMID: 21976317.
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    90. Ishii S, Cauley JA, Crandall CJ, Srikanthan P, Greendale GA, Huang MH, Danielson ME, Karlamangla AS. Diabetes and femoral neck strength: findings from the Hip Strength Across the Menopausal Transition Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Jan; 97(1):190-7. PMID: 22072739.
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    91. Crandall CJ, Aragaki AK, Cauley JA, McTiernan A, Manson JE, Anderson G, Chlebowski RT. Breast tenderness and breast cancer risk in the estrogen plus progestin and estrogen-alone women's health initiative clinical trials. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012 Feb; 132(1):275-85. PMID: 22042371.
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    94. Crandall CJ, Cauley JA. ACP Journal Club. Calcium plus vitamin D was associated with increased cardiovascular risk in women not taking personal calcium supplements. Ann Intern Med. 2011 Aug 16; 155(4):JC2-3. PMID: 21844536.
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    101. Crandall CJ. Therapeutics. Lasofoxifene reduced vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Jul 20; 153(2):JC1-11. PMID: 20643977.
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    102. Cheng EM, Crandall CJ, Bever CT, Giesser B, Haselkorn JK, Hays RD, Shekelle P, Vickrey BG. Quality indicators for multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2010 Aug; 16(8):970-80. PMID: 20562162.
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    103. Crandall CJ, Markovic D, Huang MH, Greendale GA. Predictors of breast discomfort among women initiating menopausal hormone therapy. Menopause. 2010 May-Jun; 17(3):462-70. PMID: 20009961.
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    104. Butler LM, Gold EB, Conroy SM, Crandall CJ, Greendale GA, Oestreicher N, Quesenberry CP, Habel LA. Active, but not passive cigarette smoking was inversely associated with mammographic density. Cancer Causes Control. 2010 Feb; 21(2):301-11. PMID: 19915951.
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    105. Crandall CJ, Aragaki AK, Chlebowski RT, McTiernan A, Anderson G, Hendrix SL, Cochrane BB, Kuller LH, Cauley JA. New-onset breast tenderness after initiation of estrogen plus progestin therapy and breast cancer risk. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Oct 12; 169(18):1684-91. PMID: 19822825.
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    107. Crandall CJ, Sehl ME, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Habel LA, Butler LM, Sowers MR, Greendale GA, Sinsheimer JS. Sex steroid metabolism polymorphisms and mammographic density in pre- and early perimenopausal women. Breast Cancer Res. 2009; 11(4):R51. PMID: 19630952.
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    112. Crandall CJ. Gene testing to predict tamoxifen-induced hot flashes: new biological insights. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Dec 20; 26(36):5841-2. PMID: 19018077.
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    114. Crandall CJ, Guan M, Laughlin GA, Ursin GA, Stanczyk FZ, Ingles SA, Barrett-Connor E, Greendale GA. Increases in serum estrone sulfate level are associated with increased mammographic density during menopausal hormone therapy. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Jul; 17(7):1674-81. PMID: 18628419.
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    115. Oestreicher N, Capra A, Bromberger J, Butler LM, Crandall CJ, Gold EB, Greendale GA, Modugno F, Sternfeld B, Habel LA. Physical activity and mammographic density in a cohort of midlife women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008 Mar; 40(3):451-6. PMID: 18379206.
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    116. Tomey KM, Sowers MR, Crandall C, Johnston J, Jannausch M, Yosef M. Dietary intake related to prevalent functional limitations in midlife women. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Apr 15; 167(8):935-43. PMID: 18250080.
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    118. Fung CH, Spencer B, Eslami M, Crandall C. Quality indicators for the screening and care of urinary incontinence in vulnerable elders. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Oct; 55 Suppl 2:S443-9. PMID: 17910569.
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    119. Kado DM, Prenovost K, Crandall C. Narrative review: hyperkyphosis in older persons. Ann Intern Med. 2007 Sep 04; 147(5):330-8. PMID: 17785488.
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    120. Habel LA, Capra AM, Oestreicher N, Greendale GA, Cauley JA, Bromberger J, Crandall CJ, Gold EB, Modugno F, Salane M, Quesenberry C, Sternfeld B. Mammographic density in a multiethnic cohort. Menopause. 2007 Sep-Oct; 14(5):891-9. PMID: 17414171.
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    127. Crandall C. Review: Long term use of hormone therapy by postmenopausal women does not prevent chronic diseases. Evid Based Med. 2006 Feb; 11(1):22. PMID: 17213064.
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    129. Crandall C, Pregler JP. Update in Women's Health. Ann Intern Med. 2005 Dec 06; 143(11):823-9. PMID: 16330794.
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    132. Crandall C, Petersen L, Ganz PA, Greendale GA. Bone mineral density and adjuvant therapy in breast cancer survivors. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2004 Dec; 88(3):257-61. PMID: 15609128.
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    133. Crandall C. Vitamin A intake and osteoporosis: a clinical review. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2004 Oct; 13(8):939-53. PMID: 15671709.
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    134. Crandall C, Petersen L, Ganz PA, Greendale GA. Association of breast cancer and its therapy with menopause-related symptoms. Menopause. 2004 Sep-Oct; 11(5):519-30. PMID: 15356404.
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    135. Crandall C. Estrogen plus progestin did not reduce the risk for coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women. ACP J Club. 2004 Mar-Apr; 140(2):46. PMID: 15122866.
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    136. Crandall C. Low-dose estrogen therapy for menopausal women: a review of efficacy and safety. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003 Oct; 12(8):723-47. PMID: 14588124.
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    137. Crandall C. Laboratory workup for osteoporosis. Which tests are most cost-effective? Postgrad Med. 2003 Sep; 114(3):35-8, 41-4. PMID: 14503399.
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    138. Crandall C. Vaginal estrogen preparations: a review of safety and efficacy for vaginal atrophy. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2002 Dec; 11(10):857-77. PMID: 12626086.
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    139. Crandall C. Parathyroid hormone for treatment of osteoporosis. Arch Intern Med. 2002 Nov 11; 162(20):2297-309. PMID: 12418944.
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    140. Crandall C. Combination treatment of osteoporosis: a clinical review. J Womens Health Gend Based Med. 2002 Apr; 11(3):211-24. PMID: 11988132.
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    141. Crandall C. Risedronate: a clinical review. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Feb 12; 161(3):353-60. PMID: 11176760.
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    143. Crandall C. Health information on the Internet: how will it affect patient care? J Gend Specif Med. 2000 Apr; 3(3):35-44. PMID: 11252825.
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