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Brecha Nicholas

Title(s)Professor, Medicine
Phone310-825-9556
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Professor, Neurobiology


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Horizontal cell signaling in the mammalian retina
    NIH/NEI R01EY029869Feb 1, 2019 - Jan 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Regulation of Calcium Signaling in Retinal Ganglion Cells after Nerve Injury
    VA I01BX000764Jul 1, 2011 - Dec 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Transmitter Release from Mammalian Horizontal Cells
    NIH/NEI R01EY015573Apr 1, 2004 - Dec 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neurochemical Pathways in the Inner Retina
    NIH/NEI R01EY004067Jul 6, 1981 - Nov 30, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neurochemical Pathways in the Inner Retina
    NIH/NEI R56EY004067Jul 6, 1981 - Aug 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Zhang Y, Williams PR, Jacobi A, Wang C, Goel A, Hirano AA, Brecha NC, Kerschensteiner D, He Z. Elevating Growth Factor Responsiveness and Axon Regeneration by Modulating Presynaptic Inputs. Neuron. 2019 07 03; 103(1):39-51.e5. PMID: 31122676.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Grove JCR, Hirano AA, de Los Santos J, McHugh CF, Purohit S, Field GD, Brecha NC, Barnes S. Novel hybrid action of GABA mediates inhibitory feedback in the mammalian retina. PLoS Biol. 2019 04; 17(4):e3000200. PMID: 30933967.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Hirano AA, Liu X, Brecha NC, Barnes S. Analysis of Feedback Signaling from Horizontal Cells to Photoreceptors in Mice. Methods Mol Biol. 2018; 1753:179-189. PMID: 29564789.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Travis AM, Heflin SJ, Hirano AA, Brecha NC, Arshavsky VY. Dopamine-Dependent Sensitization of Rod Bipolar Cells by GABA Is Conveyed through Wide-Field Amacrine Cells. J Neurosci. 2018 01 17; 38(3):723-732. PMID: 29217689.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Pérez de Sevilla Müller L, Solomon A, Sheets K, Hapukino H, Rodriguez AR, Brecha NC. Multiple cell types form the VIP amacrine cell population. J Comp Neurol. 2019 01 01; 527(1):133-158. PMID: 28472856.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Sun X, Hirano AA, Brecha NC, Barnes S. Calcium-activated BKCa channels govern dynamic membrane depolarizations of horizontal cells in rodent retina. J Physiol. 2017 07 01; 595(13):4449-4465. PMID: 28374528.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Pérez de Sevilla Müller L, Azar SS, de Los Santos J, Brecha NC. Prox1 Is a Marker for AII Amacrine Cells in the Mouse Retina. Front Neuroanat. 2017; 11:39. PMID: 28529477.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Matynia A, Nguyen E, Sun X, Blixt FW, Parikh S, Kessler J, Pérez de Sevilla Müller L, Habib S, Kim P, Wang ZZ, Rodriguez A, Charles A, Nusinowitz S, Edvinsson L, Barnes S, Brecha NC, Gorin MB. Peripheral Sensory Neurons Expressing Melanopsin Respond to Light. Front Neural Circuits. 2016; 10:60. PMID: 27559310.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Wang Y, Wang W, Liu J, Huang X, Liu R, Xia H, Brecha NC, Pu M, Gao J. Protective Effect of ALA in Crushed Optic Nerve Cat Retinal Ganglion Cells Using a New Marker RBPMS. PLoS One. 2016; 11(8):e0160309. PMID: 27504635.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Liu X, Grove JC, Hirano AA, Brecha NC, Barnes S. Dopamine D1 receptor modulation of calcium channel currents in horizontal cells of mouse retina. J Neurophysiol. 2016 08 01; 116(2):686-97. PMID: 27193322.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Hirano AA, Liu X, Boulter J, Grove J, Pérez de Sevilla Müller L, Barnes S, Brecha NC. Targeted Deletion of Vesicular GABA Transporter from Retinal Horizontal Cells Eliminates Feedback Modulation of Photoreceptor Calcium Channels. eNeuro. 2016 Mar-Apr; 3(2). PMID: 27022629.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Vuong HE, Hardi CN, Barnes S, Brecha NC. Parallel Inhibition of Dopamine Amacrine Cells and Intrinsically Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells in a Non-Image-Forming Visual Circuit of the Mouse Retina. J Neurosci. 2015 Dec 02; 35(48):15955-70. PMID: 26631476.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Hoon M, Sinha R, Okawa H, Suzuki SC, Hirano AA, Brecha N, Rieke F, Wong RO. Neurotransmission plays contrasting roles in the maturation of inhibitory synapses on axons and dendrites of retinal bipolar cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Oct 13; 112(41):12840-5. PMID: 26420868.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Vuong HE, Pérez de Sevilla Müller L, Hardi CN, McMahon DG, Brecha NC. Heterogeneous transgene expression in the retinas of the TH-RFP, TH-Cre, TH-BAC-Cre and DAT-Cre mouse lines. Neuroscience. 2015 Oct 29; 307:319-37. PMID: 26335381.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Pérez de Sevilla Müller L, Sargoy A, Fernández-Sánchez L, Rodriguez A, Liu J, Cuenca N, Brecha N. Expression and cellular localization of the voltage-gated calcium channel a2d3 in the rodent retina. J Comp Neurol. 2015 Jul 01; 523(10):1443-60. PMID: 25631988.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Anselmi L, Huynh J, Duraffourd C, Jaramillo I, Vegezzi G, Saccani F, Boschetti E, Brecha NC, De Giorgio R, Sternini C. Activation of µ opioid receptors modulates inflammation in acute experimental colitis. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 Apr; 27(4):509-23. PMID: 25690069.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Pan H, He M, Liu R, Brecha NC, Yu AC, Pu M. Sulforaphane protects rodent retinas against ischemia-reperfusion injury through the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e114186. PMID: 25470382.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Sargoy A, Barnes S, Brecha NC, Pérez De Sevilla Müller L. Immunohistochemical and calcium imaging methods in wholemount rat retina. J Vis Exp. 2014 Oct 13; (92):e51396. PMID: 25349920.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Duraffourd C, Kumala E, Anselmi L, Brecha NC, Sternini C. Opioid-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in rat enteric neurons following chronic morphine treatment. PLoS One. 2014; 9(10):e110230. PMID: 25302800.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Fernández-Sánchez L, de Sevilla Müller LP, Brecha NC, Cuenca N. Loss of outer retinal neurons and circuitry alterations in the DBA/2J mouse. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Aug 12; 55(9):6059-72. PMID: 25118265.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Rodriguez AR, de Sevilla Müller LP, Brecha NC. The RNA binding protein RBPMS is a selective marker of ganglion cells in the mammalian retina. J Comp Neurol. 2014 Apr 15; 522(6):1411-43. PMID: 24318667.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Wilson AM, Chiodo VA, Boye SL, Brecha NC, Hauswirth WW, Di Polo A. Inhibitor of apoptosis-stimulating protein of p53 (iASPP) is required for neuronal survival after axonal injury. PLoS One. 2014; 9(4):e94175. PMID: 24714389.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Pérez de Sevilla Müller L, Sargoy A, Rodriguez AR, Brecha NC. Melanopsin ganglion cells are the most resistant retinal ganglion cell type to axonal injury in the rat retina. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3):e93274. PMID: 24671191.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Sargoy A, Sun X, Barnes S, Brecha NC. Differential calcium signaling mediated by voltage-gated calcium channels in rat retinal ganglion cells and their unmyelinated axons. PLoS One. 2014; 9(1):e84507. PMID: 24416240.
      View in: PubMed
    25. He M, Pan H, Chang RC, So KF, Brecha NC, Pu M. Activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway contributes to the protective effects of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides in the rodent retina after ischemia-reperfusion-induced damage. PLoS One. 2014; 9(1):e84800. PMID: 24400114.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Farrell SR, Sargoy A, Brecha NC, Barnes S. Modulation of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in rat retinal ganglion cells by gabapentin. Vis Neurosci. 2014 Jan; 31(1):47-55. PMID: 24801623.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Farrell SR, Rankin DR, Brecha NC, Barnes S. Somatostatin receptor subtype 4 modulates L-type calcium channels via Gß? and PKC signaling in rat retinal ganglion cells. Channels (Austin). 2014; 8(6):519-27. PMID: 25483286.
      View in: PubMed
    28. De Sevilla Müller LP, Liu J, Solomon A, Rodriguez A, Brecha NC. Expression of voltage-gated calcium channel a(2)d(4) subunits in the mouse and rat retina. J Comp Neurol. 2013 Aug 01; 521(11):2486-501. PMID: 23296739.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Zhang Q, Vuong H, Huang X, Wang Y, Brecha NC, Pu M, Gao J. Melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cell loss and behavioral analysis in the Thy1-CFP-DBA/2J mouse model of glaucoma. Sci China Life Sci. 2013 Aug; 56(8):720-30. PMID: 23729182.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Liu X, Hirano AA, Sun X, Brecha NC, Barnes S. Calcium channels in rat horizontal cells regulate feedback inhibition of photoreceptors through an unconventional GABA- and pH-sensitive mechanism. J Physiol. 2013 Jul 01; 591(13):3309-24. PMID: 23613534.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Stella SL, Vila A, Hung AY, Rome ME, Huynh U, Sheng M, Kreienkamp HJ, Brecha NC. Association of shank 1A scaffolding protein with cone photoreceptor terminals in the mammalian retina. PLoS One. 2012; 7(9):e43463. PMID: 22984429.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Hirano AA, Brandstätter JH, Morgans CW, Brecha NC. SNAP25 expression in mammalian retinal horizontal cells. J Comp Neurol. 2011 Apr 01; 519(5):972-88. PMID: 21280047.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Zampighi GA, Schietroma C, Zampighi LM, Woodruff M, Wright EM, Brecha NC. Conical tomography of a ribbon synapse: structural evidence for vesicle fusion. PLoS One. 2011 Mar 01; 6(3):e16944. PMID: 21390245.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Mercer AJ, Rabl K, Riccardi GE, Brecha NC, Stella SL, Thoreson WB. Location of release sites and calcium-activated chloride channels relative to calcium channels at the photoreceptor ribbon synapse. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Jan; 105(1):321-35. PMID: 21084687.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Farrell SR, Raymond ID, Foote M, Brecha NC, Barnes S. Modulation of voltage-gated ion channels in rat retinal ganglion cells mediated by somatostatin receptor subtype 4. J Neurophysiol. 2010 Sep; 104(3):1347-54. PMID: 20573967.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Guo C, Hirano AA, Stella SL, Bitzer M, Brecha NC. Guinea pig horizontal cells express GABA, the GABA-synthesizing enzyme GAD 65, and the GABA vesicular transporter. J Comp Neurol. 2010 May 15; 518(10):1647-69. PMID: 20235161.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Lee H, Brecha NC. Immunocytochemical evidence for SNARE protein-dependent transmitter release from guinea pig horizontal cells. Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Apr; 31(8):1388-401. PMID: 20384779.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Raymond ID, Pool AL, Vila A, Brecha NC. A Thy1-CFP DBA/2J mouse line with cyan fluorescent protein expression in retinal ganglion cells. Vis Neurosci. 2009 Nov; 26(5-6):453-65. PMID: 19930759.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Stella SL, Hu WD, Brecha NC. Adenosine suppresses exocytosis from cone terminals of the salamander retina. Neuroreport. 2009 Jul 01; 20(10):923-9. PMID: 19491713.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Anselmi L, Stella SL, Brecha NC, Sternini C. Galanin inhibition of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) influx in rat cultured myenteric neurons is mediated by galanin receptor 1. J Neurosci Res. 2009 Apr; 87(5):1107-14. PMID: 19006083.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Guo C, Stella SL, Hirano AA, Brecha NC. Plasmalemmal and vesicular gamma-aminobutyric acid transporter expression in the developing mouse retina. J Comp Neurol. 2009 Jan 01; 512(1):6-26. PMID: 18975268.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Raymond ID, Vila A, Huynh UC, Brecha NC. Cyan fluorescent protein expression in ganglion and amacrine cells in a thy1-CFP transgenic mouse retina. Mol Vis. 2008 Aug 25; 14:1559-74. PMID: 18728756.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Stella SL, Li S, Sabatini A, Vila A, Brecha NC. Comparison of the ontogeny of the vesicular glutamate transporter 3 (VGLUT3) with VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 in the rat retina. Brain Res. 2008 Jun 18; 1215:20-9. PMID: 18482716.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Hirano AA, Brandstätter JH, Vila A, Brecha NC. Robust syntaxin-4 immunoreactivity in mammalian horizontal cell processes. Vis Neurosci. 2007 Jul-Aug; 24(4):489-502. PMID: 17640443.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Stella SL, Hu WD, Vila A, Brecha NC. Adenosine inhibits voltage-dependent Ca2+ influx in cone photoreceptor terminals of the tiger salamander retina. J Neurosci Res. 2007 Apr; 85(5):1126-37. PMID: 17304584.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Casini G, Rickman DW, Brecha NC. Expression of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plasma membrane transporter-1 in monkey and human retina. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Apr; 47(4):1682-90. PMID: 16565409.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Chang B, Heckenlively JR, Bayley PR, Brecha NC, Davisson MT, Hawes NL, Hirano AA, Hurd RE, Ikeda A, Johnson BA, McCall MA, Morgans CW, Nusinowitz S, Peachey NS, Rice DS, Vessey KA, Gregg RG. The nob2 mouse, a null mutation in Cacna1f: anatomical and functional abnormalities in the outer retina and their consequences on ganglion cell visual responses. Vis Neurosci. 2006 Jan-Feb; 23(1):11-24. PMID: 16597347.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Wang Y, Luksch H, Brecha NC, Karten HJ. Columnar projections from the cholinergic nucleus isthmi to the optic tectum in chicks (Gallus gallus): a possible substrate for synchronizing tectal channels. J Comp Neurol. 2006 Jan 01; 494(1):7-35. PMID: 16304683.
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    49. Hirano AA, Brandstätter JH, Brecha NC. Cellular distribution and subcellular localization of molecular components of vesicular transmitter release in horizontal cells of rabbit retina. J Comp Neurol. 2005 Jul 18; 488(1):70-81. PMID: 15912504.
      View in: PubMed
    50. D'Angelo I, Brecha NC. Y2 receptor expression and inhibition of voltage-dependent Ca2+ influx into rod bipolar cell terminals. Neuroscience. 2004; 125(4):1039-49. PMID: 15120863.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Minnis JG, Patierno S, Kohlmeier SE, Brecha NC, Tonini M, Sternini C. Ligand-induced mu opioid receptor endocytosis and recycling in enteric neurons. Neuroscience. 2003; 119(1):33-42. PMID: 12763066.
      View in: PubMed
    52. D'Angelo I, Oh SJ, Chun MH, Brecha NC. Localization of neuropeptide Y1 receptor immunoreactivity in the rat retina and the synaptic connectivity of Y1 immunoreactive cells. J Comp Neurol. 2002 Dec 23; 454(4):373-82. PMID: 12455004.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Oh SJ, D'Angelo I, Lee EJ, Chun MH, Brecha NC. Distribution and synaptic connectivity of neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive amacrine cells in the rat retina. J Comp Neurol. 2002 May 06; 446(3):219-34. PMID: 11932938.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Cueva JG, Haverkamp S, Reimer RJ, Edwards R, Wässle H, Brecha NC. Vesicular gamma-aminobutyric acid transporter expression in amacrine and horizontal cells. J Comp Neurol. 2002 Apr 08; 445(3):227-37. PMID: 11920703.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Casini G, Sabatini A, Catalani E, Willems D, Bosco L, Brecha NC. Expression of the neurokinin 1 receptor in the rabbit retina. Neuroscience. 2002; 115(4):1309-21. PMID: 12453499.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Kang WS, Lim MY, Lee EJ, Kim IB, Oh SJ, Brecha NC, Park CB, Chun MH. Light- and electron-microscopic analysis of neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive amacrine cells in the guinea pig retina. Cell Tissue Res. 2001 Dec; 306(3):363-71. PMID: 11735036.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Johnson J, Caravelli ML, Brecha NC. Somatostatin inhibits calcium influx into rat rod bipolar cell axonal terminals. Vis Neurosci. 2001 Jan-Feb; 18(1):101-8. PMID: 11347807.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Johnson J, Rickman DW, Brecha NC. Somatostatin and somatostatin subtype 2A expression in the mammalian retina. Microsc Res Tech. 2000 Jul 15; 50(2):103-11. PMID: 10891874.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Casini G, Brecha NC, Bosco L, Rickman DW. Developmental expression of neurokinin-1 and neurokinin-3 receptors in the rat retina. J Comp Neurol. 2000 May 29; 421(2):275-87. PMID: 10813787.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Akopian A, Johnson J, Gabriel R, Brecha N, Witkovsky P. Somatostatin modulates voltage-gated K(+) and Ca(2+) currents in rod and cone photoreceptors of the salamander retina. J Neurosci. 2000 Feb 01; 20(3):929-36. PMID: 10648697.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Sternini C, Brecha NC, Minnis J, D'Agostino G, Balestra B, Fiori E, Tonini M. Role of agonist-dependent receptor internalization in the regulation of mu opioid receptors. Neuroscience. 2000; 98(2):233-41. PMID: 10854754.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Melone M, Brecha NC, Sternini C, Evans C, Conti F. Etorphine increases the number of mu-opioid receptor-positive cells in the cerebral cortex. Neuroscience. 2000; 100(3):439-43. PMID: 11098106.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Conti F, Zuccarello LV, Barbaresi P, Minelli A, Brecha NC, Melone M. Neuronal, glial, and epithelial localization of gamma-aminobutyric acid transporter 2, a high-affinity gamma-aminobutyric acid plasma membrane transporter, in the cerebral cortex and neighboring structures. J Comp Neurol. 1999 Jul 05; 409(3):482-94. PMID: 10379832.
      View in: PubMed
    64. McConalogue K, Grady EF, Minnis J, Balestra B, Tonini M, Brecha NC, Bunnett NW, Sternini C. Activation and internalization of the mu-opioid receptor by the newly discovered endogenous agonists, endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2. Neuroscience. 1999 Mar; 90(3):1051-9. PMID: 10218804.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Johnson J, Wu V, Wong H, Walsh JH, Brecha NC. Somatostatin receptor subtype 2A expression in the rat retina. Neuroscience. 1999; 94(3):675-83. PMID: 10579559.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Tonini M, Fiori E, Balestra B, Spelta V, D'Agostino G, Di Nucci A, Brecha NC, Sternini C. Endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2 activate mu-opioid receptors in myenteric neurons of the guinea-pig small intestine. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1998 Dec; 358(6):686-9. PMID: 9879730.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Casini G, Rickman DW, Trasarti L, Brecha NC. Postnatal development of parvalbumin immunoreactive amacrine cells in the rabbit retina. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 1998 Nov 01; 111(1):107-17. PMID: 9804913.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Conti F, Melone M, De Biasi S, Minelli A, Brecha NC, Ducati A. Neuronal and glial localization of GAT-1, a high-affinity gamma-aminobutyric acid plasma membrane transporter, in human cerebral cortex: with a note on its distribution in monkey cortex. J Comp Neurol. 1998 Jun 22; 396(1):51-63. PMID: 9623887.
      View in: PubMed
    69. De Biasi S, Vitellaro-Zuccarello L, Brecha NC. Immunoreactivity for the GABA transporter-1 and GABA transporter-3 is restricted to astrocytes in the rat thalamus. A light and electron-microscopic immunolocalization. Neuroscience. 1998 Apr; 83(3):815-28. PMID: 9483565.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Johnson J, Wong H, Walsh JH, Brecha NC. Expression of the somatostatin subtype 2A receptor in the rabbit retina. J Comp Neurol. 1998 Mar 30; 393(1):93-101. PMID: 9520104.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Casini G, Rickman DW, Sternini C, Brecha NC. Neurokinin 1 receptor expression in the rat retina. J Comp Neurol. 1997 Dec 22; 389(3):496-507. PMID: 9414009.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Yang CY, Brecha NC, Tsao E. Immunocytochemical localization of gamma-aminobutyric acid plasma membrane transporters in the tiger salamander retina. J Comp Neurol. 1997 Dec 08; 389(1):117-26. PMID: 9390763.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Sternini C, Wong H, Wu SV, de Giorgio R, Yang M, Reeve J, Brecha NC, Walsh JH. Somatostatin 2A receptor is expressed by enteric neurons, and by interstitial cells of Cajal and enterochromaffin-like cells of the gastrointestinal tract. J Comp Neurol. 1997 Sep 29; 386(3):396-408. PMID: 9303425.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Micevych PE, Eckersell CB, Brecha N, Holland KL. Estrogen modulation of opioid and cholecystokinin systems in the limbic-hypothalamic circuit. Brain Res Bull. 1997; 44(4):335-43. PMID: 9370197.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Morara S, Brecha NC, Marcotti W, Provini L, Rosina A. Neuronal and glial localization of the GABA transporter GAT-1 in the cerebellar cortex. Neuroreport. 1996 Nov 25; 7(18):2993-6. PMID: 9116226.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Johnson J, Chen TK, Rickman DW, Evans C, Brecha NC. Multiple gamma-Aminobutyric acid plasma membrane transporters (GAT-1, GAT-2, GAT-3) in the rat retina. J Comp Neurol. 1996 Nov 11; 375(2):212-24. PMID: 8915826.
      View in: PubMed
    77. De Giorgio R, Su D, Peter D, Edwards RH, Brecha NC, Sternini C. Vesicular monoamine transporter 2 expression in enteric neurons and enterochromaffin-like cells of the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1996 Oct 18; 217(2-3):77-80. PMID: 8916076.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Ribak CE, Tong WM, Brecha NC. Astrocytic processes compensate for the apparent lack of GABA transporters in the axon terminals of cerebellar Purkinje cells. Anat Embryol (Berl). 1996 Oct; 194(4):379-90. PMID: 8896702.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Minelli A, DeBiasi S, Brecha NC, Zuccarello LV, Conti F. GAT-3, a high-affinity GABA plasma membrane transporter, is localized to astrocytic processes, and it is not confined to the vicinity of GABAergic synapses in the cerebral cortex. J Neurosci. 1996 Oct 01; 16(19):6255-64. PMID: 8815906.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Sternini C, Spann M, Anton B, Keith DE, Bunnett NW, von Zastrow M, Evans C, Brecha NC. Agonist-selective endocytosis of mu opioid receptor by neurons in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Aug 20; 93(17):9241-6. PMID: 8799185.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Sternini C, Su D, Arakawa J, de Giorgio R, Rickman DW, Davis BM, Albers KM, Brecha NC. Cellular localization of Pan-trk immunoreactivity and trkC mRNA in the enteric nervous system. J Comp Neurol. 1996 May 13; 368(4):597-607. PMID: 8744446.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Gamlin PD, Reiner A, Keyser KT, Brecha N, Karten HJ. Projection of the nucleus pretectalis to a retinorecipient tectal layer in the pigeon (Columba livia). J Comp Neurol. 1996 May 06; 368(3):424-38. PMID: 8725349.
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    83. Ribak CE, Tong WM, Brecha NC. GABA plasma membrane transporters, GAT-1 and GAT-3, display different distributions in the rat hippocampus. J Comp Neurol. 1996 Apr 15; 367(4):595-606. PMID: 8731228.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Rickman DW, Blanks JC, Brecha NC. Somatostatin-immunoreactive neurons in the adult rabbit retina. J Comp Neurol. 1996 Feb 12; 365(3):491-503. PMID: 8822184.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Minelli A, Brecha NC, Karschin C, DeBiasi S, Conti F. GAT-1, a high-affinity GABA plasma membrane transporter, is localized to neurons and astroglia in the cerebral cortex. J Neurosci. 1995 Nov; 15(11):7734-46. PMID: 7472524.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Kohan SA, Pescatori M, Brecha NC, Mastrogiacomo A, Umbach JA, Gundersen CB. Cysteine string protein immunoreactivity in the nervous system and adrenal gland of rat. J Neurosci. 1995 Sep; 15(9):6230-8. PMID: 7666205.
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    87. Peter D, Liu Y, Sternini C, de Giorgio R, Brecha N, Edwards RH. Differential expression of two vesicular monoamine transporters. J Neurosci. 1995 Sep; 15(9):6179-88. PMID: 7666200.
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    88. Sottili M, Sternini C, Reinshagen M, Brecha NC, Nast CC, Walsh JH, Eysselein VE. Up-regulation of transforming growth factor alpha binding sites in experimental rabbit colitis. Gastroenterology. 1995 Jul; 109(1):24-31. PMID: 7797021.
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    89. Casini G, Rickman DW, Brecha NC. AII amacrine cell population in the rabbit retina: identification by parvalbumin immunoreactivity. J Comp Neurol. 1995 May 22; 356(1):132-42. PMID: 7629307.
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    90. Rickman DW, Brecha NC. Expression of the proto-oncogene, trk, receptors in the developing rat retina. Vis Neurosci. 1995 Mar-Apr; 12(2):215-22. PMID: 7786843.
      View in: PubMed
    91. De Giorgio R, Zittel TT, Parodi JE, Becker JM, Brunicardi FC, Go VL, Brecha NC, Sternini C. Peptide immunoreactivities in the ganglionated plexuses and nerve fibers innervating the human gallbladder. J Auton Nerv Syst. 1995 Jan 20; 51(1):37-47. PMID: 7722214.
      View in: PubMed
    92. Molnar M, Casini G, Davis BM, Brecha NC, Bagnoli P. Preproenkephalin messenger RNA-containing amacrine cells in the chicken retina identified with in situ hybridization histochemistry. Vis Neurosci. 1995 Jan-Feb; 12(1):185-9. PMID: 7718499.
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    93. Peter D, Liu Y, Brecha N, Edwards RH. The transport of neurotransmitters into synaptic vesicles. Prog Brain Res. 1995; 105:273-81. PMID: 7568887.
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    94. Conti F, Minelli A, Brecha NC. Cellular localization and laminar distribution of AMPA glutamate receptor subunits mRNAs and proteins in the rat cerebral cortex. J Comp Neurol. 1994 Dec 08; 350(2):241-59. PMID: 7884041.
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    95. Roghani A, Feldman J, Kohan SA, Shirzadi A, Gundersen CB, Brecha N, Edwards RH. Molecular cloning of a putative vesicular transporter for acetylcholine. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Oct 25; 91(22):10620-4. PMID: 7938002.
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    96. Molnar M, Casini G, Davis BM, Bagnoli P, Brecha NC. Distribution of preproenkephalin mRNA in the chicken and pigeon telencephalon. J Comp Neurol. 1994 Oct 15; 348(3):419-32. PMID: 7844256.
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    97. Brecha NC, Weigmann C. Expression of GAT-1, a high-affinity gamma-aminobutyric acid plasma membrane transporter in the rat retina. J Comp Neurol. 1994 Jul 22; 345(4):602-11. PMID: 7962703.
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    98. Conti F, Minelli A, Molnar M, Brecha NC. Cellular localization and laminar distribution of NMDAR1 mRNA in the rat cerebral cortex. J Comp Neurol. 1994 May 22; 343(4):554-65. PMID: 8034787.
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    99. Corey JL, Davidson N, Lester HA, Brecha N, Quick MW. Protein kinase C modulates the activity of a cloned gamma-aminobutyric acid transporter expressed in Xenopus oocytes via regulated subcellular redistribution of the transporter. J Biol Chem. 1994 May 20; 269(20):14759-67. PMID: 8182081.
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    100. De Giorgio R, Parodi JE, Brecha NC, Brunicardi FC, Becker JM, Go VL, Sternini C. Nitric oxide producing neurons in the monkey and human digestive system. J Comp Neurol. 1994 Apr 22; 342(4):619-27. PMID: 8040367.
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    101. Casini G, Molnar M, Brecha NC. Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide/peptide histidine isoleucine messenger RNA in the rat retina: adult distribution and developmental expression. Neuroscience. 1994 Feb; 58(3):657-67. PMID: 8170541.
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    102. De Giorgio R, Sternini C, Widdison AL, Alvarez C, Brecha NC, Reber HA, Go VL. Differential effects of experimentally induced chronic pancreatitis on neuropeptide immunoreactivities in the feline pancreas. Pancreas. 1993 Nov; 8(6):700-10. PMID: 7504819.
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    103. Zittel TT, De Giorgio R, Brecha NC, Sternini C, Raybould HE. Abdominal surgery induces c-fos expression in the nucleus of the solitary tract in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1993 Sep 03; 159(1-2):79-82. PMID: 8264984.
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    104. Casini G, Brecha NC. Postnatal development of tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive amacrine cells in the rabbit retina: II. Quantitative analysis. J Comp Neurol. 1992 Dec 08; 326(2):302-13. PMID: 1362208.
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    105. Casini G, Brecha NC. Postnatal development of tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive amacrine cells in the rabbit retina: I. Morphological characterization. J Comp Neurol. 1992 Dec 08; 326(2):283-301. PMID: 1479076.
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    106. Sottili M, Sternini C, Brecha NC, Lezoche E, Walsh JH. Transforming growth factor alpha receptor binding sites in the canine gastrointestinal tract. Gastroenterology. 1992 Nov; 103(5):1427-36. PMID: 1426863.
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    107. Liu Y, Peter D, Roghani A, Schuldiner S, Privé GG, Eisenberg D, Brecha N, Edwards RH. A cDNA that suppresses MPP+ toxicity encodes a vesicular amine transporter. Cell. 1992 Aug 21; 70(4):539-51. PMID: 1505023.
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    108. Guastella J, Brecha N, Weigmann C, Lester HA, Davidson N. Cloning, expression, and localization of a rat brain high-affinity glycine transporter. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Aug 01; 89(15):7189-93. PMID: 1353889.
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    109. Casini G, Brecha NC. Colocalization of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and GABA immunoreactivities in a population of wide-field amacrine cells in the rabbit retina. Vis Neurosci. 1992 Apr; 8(4):373-8. PMID: 1348629.
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    110. De Giorgio R, Sternini C, Brecha NC, Widdison AL, Karanjia ND, Reber HA, Go VL. Patterns of innervation of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, neuropeptide Y, and gastrin-releasing peptide immunoreactive nerves in the feline pancreas. Pancreas. 1992; 7(3):376-84. PMID: 1594560.
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    111. De Giorgio R, Sternini C, Anderson K, Brecha NC, Go VL. Tissue distribution and innervation pattern of peptide immunoreactivities in the rat pancreas. Peptides. 1992 Jan-Feb; 13(1):91-8. PMID: 1377823.
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    112. Chun MH, Brecha N, Wässle H. Light- and electron-microscopic studies of the somatostatin-immunoreactive plexus in the cat retina. Cell Tissue Res. 1992 Jan; 267(1):57-66. PMID: 1346507.
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    113. Brecha NC, Sternini C, Humphrey MF. Cellular distribution of L-glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) and gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor mRNAs in the retina. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 1991 Oct; 11(5):497-509. PMID: 1660350.
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    114. Casini G, Brecha NC. Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-containing cells in the rabbit retina: immunohistochemical localization and quantitative analysis. J Comp Neurol. 1991 Mar 08; 305(2):313-27. PMID: 2026790.
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    115. MacLennan AJ, Brecha N, Khrestchatisky M, Sternini C, Tillakaratne NJ, Chiang MY, Anderson K, Lai M, Tobin AJ. Independent cellular and ontogenetic expression of mRNAs encoding three alpha polypeptides of the rat GABAA receptor. Neuroscience. 1991; 43(2-3):369-80. PMID: 1656319.
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    116. Tobin AJ, Khrestchatisky M, MacLennan AJ, Chiang MY, Tillakaratne NJ, Xu WT, Jackson MB, Brecha N, Sternini C, Olsen RW. Structural, developmental and functional heterogeneity of rat GABAA receptors. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1991; 287:365-74. PMID: 1662009.
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    117. White CA, Chalupa LM, Johnson D, Brecha NC. Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells in the adult cat retina. J Comp Neurol. 1990 Mar 01; 293(1):134-50. PMID: 1968918.
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    118. Karten HJ, Keyser KT, Brecha NC. Biochemical and morphological heterogeneity of retinal ganglion cells. Res Publ Assoc Res Nerv Ment Dis. 1990; 67:19-33. PMID: 1968282.
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    119. Olsen RW, Bureau M, Khrestchatisky M, MacLennan AJ, Chiang MY, Tobin AJ, Xu W, Jackson M, Sternini C, Brecha N. Isolation of pharmacologically distinct GABA-benzodiazepine receptors by protein chemistry and molecular cloning. Adv Biochem Psychopharmacol. 1990; 46:35-49. PMID: 1963269.
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    120. Khrestchatisky M, MacLennan AJ, Chiang MY, Xu WT, Jackson MB, Brecha N, Sternini C, Olsen RW, Tobin AJ. A novel alpha subunit in rat brain GABAA receptors. Neuron. 1989 Dec; 3(6):745-53. PMID: 2561977.
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    121. Brecha NC, Sternini C, Anderson K, Krause JE. Expression and cellular localization of substance P/neurokinin A and neurokinin B mRNAs in the rat retina. Vis Neurosci. 1989 Dec; 3(6):527-35. PMID: 2484823.
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    122. Sternini C, Anderson K, Frantz G, Krause JE, Brecha N. Expression of substance P/neurokinin A-encoding preprotachykinin messenger ribonucleic acids in the rat enteric nervous system. Gastroenterology. 1989 Aug; 97(2):348-56. PMID: 2472998.
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    123. Kruger L, Silverman JD, Mantyh PW, Sternini C, Brecha NC. Peripheral patterns of calcitonin-gene-related peptide general somatic sensory innervation: cutaneous and deep terminations. J Comp Neurol. 1989 Feb 08; 280(2):291-302. PMID: 2784448.
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    124. Chun MH, Wässle H, Brecha N. Colocalization of [3H]muscimol uptake and choline acetyltransferase immunoreactivity in amacrine cells of the cat retina. Neurosci Lett. 1988 Dec 05; 94(3):259-63. PMID: 3205403.
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    125. Kruger L, Mantyh PW, Sternini C, Brecha NC, Mantyh CR. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the rat central nervous system: patterns of immunoreactivity and receptor binding sites. Brain Res. 1988 Nov 01; 463(2):223-44. PMID: 2848610.
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    126. Brecha N, Johnson D, Peichl L, Wässle H. Cholinergic amacrine cells of the rabbit retina contain glutamate decarboxylase and gamma-aminobutyrate immunoreactivity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Aug; 85(16):6187-91. PMID: 3413087.
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    127. Kruger L, Sternini C, Brecha NC, Mantyh PW. Distribution of calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity in relation to the rat central somatosensory projection. J Comp Neurol. 1988 Jul 08; 273(2):149-62. PMID: 3047185.
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    128. Goehler LE, Sternini C, Brecha NC. Calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity in the biliary pathway and liver of the guinea-pig: distribution and colocalization with substance P. Cell Tissue Res. 1988 Jul; 253(1):145-50. PMID: 2458185.
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    129. Fain GL, Smolka A, Cilluffo MC, Fain MJ, Lee DA, Brecha NC, Sachs G. Monoclonal antibodies to the H+-K+ ATPase of gastric mucosa selectively stain the non-pigmented cells of the rabbit ciliary body epithelium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1988 May; 29(5):785-94. PMID: 2452803.
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    130. Schwaber JS, Sternini C, Brecha NC, Rogers WT, Card JP. Neurons containing calcitonin gene-related peptide in the parabrachial nucleus project to the central nucleus of the amygdala. J Comp Neurol. 1988 Apr 15; 270(3):416-26, 398-9. PMID: 2836477.
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    131. Sternini C, Reeve JR, Brecha N. Distribution and characterization of calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity in the digestive system of normal and capsaicin-treated rats. Gastroenterology. 1987 Oct; 93(4):852-62. PMID: 3305137.
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    132. Kolb H, Cline C, Wang HH, Brecha N. Distribution and morphology of dopaminergic amacrine cells in the retina of the turtle (Pseudemys scripta elegans). J Neurocytol. 1987 Oct; 16(5):577-88. PMID: 2891796.
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    133. Mantyh CR, Kruger L, Brecha NC, Mantyh PW. Localization of specific binding sites for atrial natriuretic factor in the central nervous system of rat, guinea pig, cat and human. Brain Res. 1987 Jun 02; 412(2):329-42. PMID: 2955851.
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    134. Brecha N, Johnson D, Bolz J, Sharma S, Parnavelas JG, Lieberman AR. Substance P-immunoreactive retinal ganglion cells and their central axon terminals in the rabbit. Nature. 1987 May 14-20; 327(6118):155-8. PMID: 2437459.
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    135. Gall C, Seroogy KB, Brecha N. Distribution of VIP- and NPY-like immunoreactivities in rat main olfactory bulb. Brain Res. 1986 May 28; 374(2):389-94. PMID: 2424562.
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    136. Sternini C, Brecha N. Immunocytochemical identification of islet cells and nerve fibers containing calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity in the rat pancreas. Gastroenterology. 1986 May; 90(5 Pt 1):1155-63. PMID: 3082704.
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    137. Citron MC, Erinoff L, Rickman DW, Brecha NC. Modification of electroretinograms in dopamine-depleted retinas. Brain Res. 1985 Oct 14; 345(1):186-91. PMID: 3933762.
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    138. Seroogy KB, Brecha N, Gall C. Distribution of cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity in the rat main olfactory bulb. J Comp Neurol. 1985 Sep 22; 239(4):373-83. PMID: 2864364.
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    139. Clague JR, Sternini C, Brecha NC. Localization of calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity in neurons of the rat gastrointestinal tract. Neurosci Lett. 1985 May 01; 56(1):63-8. PMID: 3892373.
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    140. Sternini C, Brecha N. Distribution and colocalization of neuropeptide Y- and tyrosine hydroxylase-like immunoreactivity in the guinea-pig heart. Cell Tissue Res. 1985; 241(1):93-102. PMID: 2411409.
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    141. Reiner A, Davis BM, Brecha NC, Karten HJ. The distribution of enkephalinlike immunoreactivity in the telencephalon of the adult and developing domestic chicken. J Comp Neurol. 1984 Sep 10; 228(2):245-62. PMID: 6207214.
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    142. Graybiel AM, Brecha N, Karten HJ. Cluster-and-sheet pattern of enkephalin-like immunoreactivity in the superior colliculus of the cat. Neuroscience. 1984 May; 12(1):191-214. PMID: 6462445.
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    143. Gall C, Brecha N, Chang KJ, Karten HJ. Ontogeny of enkephalin-like immunoreactivity in the rat hippocampus. Neuroscience. 1984 Feb; 11(2):359-79. PMID: 6371581.
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    144. Brecha NC, Oyster CW, Takahashi ES. Identification and characterization of tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive amacrine cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1984 Jan; 25(1):66-70. PMID: 6142028.
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    145. Card JP, Brecha N, Moore RY. Immunohistochemical localization of avian pancreatic polypeptide-like immunoreactivity in the rat hypothalamus. J Comp Neurol. 1983 Jun 20; 217(2):123-36. PMID: 6886047.
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    146. Karten HJ, Brecha N. Localization of neuroactive substances in the vertebrate retina: evidence for lamination in the inner plexiform layer. Vision Res. 1983; 23(10):1197-205. PMID: 6196914.
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    147. Brecha N, Hendrickson A, Florén I, Karten HJ. Localization of substance P-like immunoreactivity within the monkey retina. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1982 Aug; 23(2):147-53. PMID: 6178710.
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    148. Erichsen JT, Karten HJ, Eldred WD, Brecha NC. Localization of substance P-like and enkephalin-like immunoreactivity within preganglionic terminals of the avian ciliary ganglion: light and electron microscopy. J Neurosci. 1982 Jul; 2(7):994-1003. PMID: 6178809.
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    149. Reiner A, Brecha NC, Karten HJ. Basal ganglia pathways to the tectum: the afferent and efferent connections of the lateral spiriform nucleus of pigeon. J Comp Neurol. 1982 Jun 10; 208(1):16-36. PMID: 7119152.
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    150. Reiner A, Karten HJ, Brecha NC. Enkephalin-mediated basal ganglia influences over the optic tectum: immunohistochemistry of the tectum and the lateral spiriform nucleus in pigeon. J Comp Neurol. 1982 Jun 10; 208(1):37-53. PMID: 6749911.
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    151. Bogan N, Brecha N, Gall C, Karten HJ. Distribution of enkephalin-like immunoreactivity in the rat main olfactory bulb. Neuroscience. 1982 Apr; 7(4):895-906. PMID: 7048126.
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    152. Card JP, Brecha N, Karten HJ, Moore RY. Immunocytochemical localization of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-containing cells and processes in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the rat: light and electron microscopic analysis. J Neurosci. 1981 Nov; 1(11):1289-303. PMID: 7031198.
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    153. Gall C, Brecha N, Karten HJ, Chang KJ. Localization of enkephalin-like immunoreactivity to identified axonal and neuronal populations of the rat hippocampus. J Comp Neurol. 1981 May 10; 198(2):335-50. PMID: 6263955.
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    154. Engbretson GA, Reiner A, Brecha N. Habenular asymmetry and the central connections of the parietal eye of the lizard. J Comp Neurol. 1981 May 01; 198(1):155-65. PMID: 7229138.
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    155. Fite KV, Brecha N, Karten HJ, Hunt SP. Displaced ganglion cells and the accessory optic system of pigeon. J Comp Neurol. 1981 Jan 10; 195(2):279-88. PMID: 7251927.
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    156. Brecha N, Karten HJ, Schenker C. Neurotensin-like and somatostatin-like immunoreactivity within amacrine cells of the retina. Neuroscience. 1981; 6(7):1329-40. PMID: 6115333.
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    157. Brecha N, Sharma SC, Karten HJ. Localization of substance P-like immunoreactivity in the adult and developing goldfish retina. Neuroscience. 1981; 6(12):2737-46. PMID: 6172746.
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    158. Brecha NC, Karten HJ. Organization of the avian accessory optic system. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1981; 374:215-29. PMID: 6951437.
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    159. Schulman JA, Finger TE, Brecha NC, Karten HJ. Enkephalin immunoreactivity in Golgi cells and mossy fibers of mammalian, avian, amphibian and teleost cerebellum. Neuroscience. 1981; 6(11):2407-16. PMID: 6173801.
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    160. Yazulla S, Brecha N. Binding and uptake of the GABA analogue, 3H-muscimol, in the retinas of goldfish and chicken. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1980 Dec; 19(12):1415-26. PMID: 6108301.
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    161. Brecha N, Karten HJ, Hunt SP. Projections of the nucleus of the basal optic root in the pigeon: an autoradiographic and horseradish peroxidase study. J Comp Neurol. 1980 Feb 15; 189(4):615-70. PMID: 7381044.
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    162. Karten HJ, Brecha N. Localisation of substance P immunoreactivity in amacrine cells of the retina. Nature. 1980 Jan 03; 283(5742):87-8. PMID: 6985713.
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    163. Brecha N, Karten HJ, Laverack C. Enkephalin-containing amacrine cells in the avian retina: immunohistochemical localization. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1979 Jun; 76(6):3010-4. PMID: 379870.
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    164. Brecha N, Francis A, Schechter N. Rapid loss of nicotine-cholinergic receptor binding activity in the deafferented avian optic lobe. Brain Res. 1979 May 11; 167(2):273-80. PMID: 445129.
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    165. Brecha N, Karten HJ. Accessory optic projections upon oculomotor nuclei and vestibulocerebellum. Science. 1979 Mar 02; 203(4383):913-6. PMID: 570303.
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    166. Reiner A, Brecha N, Karten HJ. A specific projection of retinal displaced ganglion cells to the nucleus of the basal optic root in the chicken. Neuroscience. 1979; 4(11):1679-88. PMID: 92770.
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