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Siegel, Robert J

Title(s)Professor-in-Residence, Medicine
SchoolRheumatology
Phone(310) 423-4876
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Flint N, Raschpichler M, Rader F, Shmueli H, Siegel RJ. Asymptomatic Degenerative Mitral Regurgitation: A Review. JAMA Cardiol. 2020 Jan 29. PMID: 31995124.
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    2. Utsunomiya H, Itabashi Y, Kobayashi S, Rader F, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Clinical Impact of Size, Shape, and Orientation of the Tricuspid Annulus in Tricuspid Regurgitation as Assessed by Three-Dimensional Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2020 Feb; 33(2):191-200.e1. PMID: 31837928.
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    3. Chakravarty T, Henry TD, Kittleson M, Lima J, Siegel RJ, Slipczuk L, Pogoda JM, Smith RR, Malliaras K, Marbán L, Ascheim DD, Marbán E, Makkar RR. Allogeneic Cardiosphere-derived Cells for the Treatment of Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction: Results of the Dilated cardiomYopathy iNtervention with Allogeneic Myocardially-regeneratIve Cells (DYNAMIC) trial. EuroIntervention. 2019 Nov 26. PMID: 31763984.
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    4. Ikenaga H, Makar M, Rader F, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Makkar RR, Shiota T. Mechanisms of mitral regurgitation after percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Oct 12. PMID: 31605479.
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    5. Asch FM, Grayburn PA, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Lim DS, Zaroff JG, Mishell JM, Whisenant B, Mack MJ, Lindenfeld J, Abraham WT, Stone GW, Weissman NJ. Echocardiographic Outcomes After Transcatheter Leaflet Approximation in Patients With Secondary Mitral Regurgitation: The COAPT Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019 Dec 17; 74(24):2969-2979. PMID: 31574303.
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    6. Shmueli H, Flint N, Pollick C, Siegel RJ. Spleen Size and Appearance by Transesophageal Echocardiography in Patients With Suspected Infective Endocarditis. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Sep 12. PMID: 31542530.
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    7. Flint N, Siegel RJ. Yes We (S)can! Ann Intern Med. 2019 Aug 06. PMID: 31382271.
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    8. Wunderlich NC, Beigel R, Rader F, Franke J, Siegel RJ. Degenerative Mitral Regurgitation: Assessment, Physical Examination, and Imaging. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2019 07 22; 21(8):85. PMID: 31332552.
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    9. Yoshida J, Ikenaga H, Hayashi A, Yamaguchi S, Nagaura T, Rader F, Siegel RJ, Makkar RR, Shiota T. Predictors and Outcomes of Persistent Tricuspid Regurgitation After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation. Am J Cardiol. 2019 09 01; 124(5):772-780. PMID: 31280838.
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    10. Flint N, Wunderlich NC, Shmueli H, Ben-Zekry S, Siegel RJ, Beigel R. Aortic Regurgitation. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2019 06 03; 21(7):65. PMID: 31161305.
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    11. Flint N, Thomas F, Setareh-Shenas S, Siegel RJ. The Reply. Am J Med. 2019 06; 132(6):e597. PMID: 31221371.
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    12. Nagaura T, Hayashi A, Yoshida J, Ikenaga H, Yamaguchi S, Utsunomiya H, Rader F, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Shiota T. Percutaneous Edge-to-Edge Repair for Atrial Functional Mitral Regurgitation: A Real-Time 3-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography Study. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Sep; 12(9):1881-1883. PMID: 31005543.
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    13. Utsunomiya H, Itabashi Y, Kobayashi S, Yoshida J, Ikenaga H, Rader F, Hussaini A, Makar M, Trento A, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Shiota T. Comparison of mitral valve geometrical effect of percutaneous edge-to-edge repair between central and eccentric functional mitral regurgitation: clinical implications. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 04 01; 20(4):455-466. PMID: 30107509.
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    14. Wunderlich NC, Dalvi B, Ho SY, Küx H, Siegel RJ. Rheumatic Mitral Valve Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment Options. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2019 02 28; 21(3):14. PMID: 30815750.
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    15. Zoghbi WA, Asch FM, Bruce C, Gillam LD, Grayburn PA, Hahn RT, Inglessis I, Islam AM, Lerakis S, Little SH, Siegel RJ, Skubas N, Slesnick TC, Stewart WJ, Thavendiranathan P, Weissman NJ, Yasukochi S, Zimmerman KG. Guidelines for the Evaluation of Valvular Regurgitation After Percutaneous Valve Repair or Replacement: A Report from the American Society of Echocardiography Developed in Collaboration with the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Japanese Society of Echocardiography, and Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2019 Apr; 32(4):431-475. PMID: 30797660.
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    16. Philipson DJ, Rader F, Siegel RJ. Risk factors for atrial fibrillation in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2019 Feb 06; 2047487319828474. PMID: 30727760.
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    17. Ikenaga H, Yoshida J, Hayashi A, Nagaura T, Yamaguchi S, Rader F, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Shiota T. Usefulness of Intraprocedural Pulmonary Venous Flow for Predicting Recurrent Mitral Regurgitation and Clinical Outcomes After Percutaneous Mitral Valve Repair With the MitraClip. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2019 01 28; 12(2):140-150. PMID: 30678793.
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    18. Arsanjani R, Flint N, Beigel R, Khachatryan T, Shalev A, Shturman A, Lee C, Rader F, Berman DS, Heo R, Siegel RJ. Comparison of Accuracy of Left Atrial Area and Volume by Two-dimensional Trans-thoracic Echocardiography Versus Computed Tomography. Am J Cardiol. 2019 04 01; 123(7):1180-1184. PMID: 30660353.
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    19. Ikenaga H, Hayashi A, Nagaura T, Yamaguchi S, Yoshida J, Rader F, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Shiota T. Left atrial pressure is associated with iatrogenic atrial septal defect after mitral valve clip. Heart. 2019 Jun; 105(11):864-872. PMID: 30482796.
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    20. Cheng R, Kar S, Siegel RJ, Nakamura M. Cleft mitral leaflets and severe mitral regurgitation: Testing the limits of percutaneous mitral valve repair. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2019 May 01; 93(6):1161-1164. PMID: 30430718.
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    21. Phan D, Chalian A, Makkar R, Siegel RJ, Rader F. Immediate Improvement in Left Atrial Function After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement on Doppler Echocardiography. J Invasive Cardiol. 2019 01; 31(1):15-20. PMID: 30418165.
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    22. Niku AD, Shiota T, Siegel RJ, Rader F. Prevalence and Resolution of Left Atrial Thrombus in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter With Oral Anticoagulation. Am J Cardiol. 2019 01 01; 123(1):63-68. PMID: 30360887.
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    23. Niku AD, Takakura WR, Siegel R, Rader F. Rapidly growing cardiac tumour in the right ventricle. BMJ Case Rep. 2018 Sep 01; 2018. PMID: 30173138.
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    24. Ikenaga H, Hayashi A, Nagaura T, Yamaguchi S, Yoshida J, Rader F, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Shiota T. Relation Between Pulmonary Venous Flow and Left Atrial Pressure During Percutaneous Mitral Valve Repair With the MitraClip. Am J Cardiol. 2018 10 15; 122(8):1379-1386. PMID: 30131107.
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    25. Wunderlich NC, Beigel R, Ho SY, Nietlispach F, Cheng R, Agricola E, Siegel RJ. Imaging for Mitral Interventions: Methods and Efficacy. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 06; 11(6):872-901. PMID: 29880112.
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    26. Thomas F, Flint N, Setareh-Shenas S, Rader F, Kobal SL, Siegel RJ. Accuracy and Efficacy of Hand-Held Echocardiography in Diagnosing Valve Disease: A Systematic Review. Am J Med. 2018 10; 131(10):1155-1160. PMID: 29856962.
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    27. Kehl DW, Siegel RJ. Real-Time Embolization of a Massive Lead-Associated Thrombus Visualized by Transesophageal Echocardiography. CASE (Phila). 2018 Oct; 2(5):225-227. PMID: 30370388.
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    28. Flint N, Siegel RJ, Bannykh S, Luthringer DJ. Bi-atrial cardiac myxoma with glandular differentiation: a case report with detailed radiologic-pathologic correlation. Eur Heart J Case Rep. 2018 Jun; 2(2):yty045. PMID: 31020125.
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    29. Flint N, Siegel RJ. Libman-Sacks vegetations detected by 3D echocardiography. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 03 01; 19(3):292. PMID: 29206911.
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    30. Shibayama K, Mihara H, Berdejo J, Harada K, Siegel RJ, Makkar RR, Shiota T. Association of postprocedural aortic regurgitation with mitral regurgitation worsened after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Echocardiography. 2018 03; 35(3):346-352. PMID: 29272553.
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    31. Itabashi Y, Utsunomiya H, Kubo S, Mizutani Y, Mihara H, Murata M, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Fukuda K, Shiota T. Different indicators for postprocedural mitral stenosis caused by single- or multiple-clip implantation after percutaneous mitral valve repair. J Cardiol. 2018 04; 71(4):336-345. PMID: 29208340.
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    32. Toyama K, Rader F, Kar S, Kubo S, Shiota T, Nishioka T, Siegel RJ. Iatrogenic Atrial Septal Defect After Percutaneous Mitral Valve Repair With the MitraClip System. Am J Cardiol. 2018 02 15; 121(4):475-479. PMID: 29268934.
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    33. Setareh-Shenas S, Kehl DW, Rader F, Luthringer DJ, Siegel RJ. Atypical annular calcification of mitral annulus. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 11 01; 18(11):1298. PMID: 28977393.
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    34. Cheng R, Dawkins S, Tat E, Makar M, Hussaini A, Makkar RR, Trento A, Siegel RJ, Kar S. Relation of Residual Mitral Regurgitation Despite Elevated Mitral Gradients to Risk of Heart Failure Hospitalization After MitraClip Repair. Am J Cardiol. 2017 Nov 01; 120(9):1595-1600. PMID: 29025679.
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    35. Chen C, Chu H, Tso J, Luthringer DJ, Siegel R. Asymptomatic Recurrence of Right Ventricular Myxoma after Excision of Four-Chamber Myxoma. CASE (Phila). 2017 Oct; 1(5):195-197. PMID: 30062279.
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    36. Kehl DW, Rader F, Siegel RJ. Echocardiographic Features and Clinical Outcomes of Flail Mitral Leaflet without Severe Mitral Regurgitation. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2017 Dec; 30(12):1162-1168. PMID: 28807477.
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    37. Kubo S, Nakamura M, Shiota T, Itabashi Y, Mizutani Y, Nakajima Y, Meemook K, Hussaini A, Makar M, Siegel RJ, Kar S. Impact of Forward Stroke Volume Response on Clinical and Structural Outcomes After Percutaneous Mitral Valve Repair With MitraClip. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2017 Jul; 10(7). PMID: 28698288.
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    38. Toyama K, Ayabe K, Kar S, Kubo S, Minamishima T, Rader F, Shiota T, Nishioka T, Siegel RJ. Postprocedural Changes of Tricuspid Regurgitation After MitraClip Therapy for Mitral Regurgitation. Am J Cardiol. 2017 Sep 01; 120(5):857-861. PMID: 28689751.
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    39. Shah AS, Jenkins T, Gao Z, Daniels SR, Urbina EM, Kirk S, Siegel R, Inge TH. Lipid changes 8 years post gastric bypass in adolescents with severe obesity (FABS-5+ study). Int J Obes (Lond). 2017 10; 41(10):1579-1584. PMID: 28634364.
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    40. Utsunomiya H, Itabashi Y, Kobayashi S, Rader F, Hussaini A, Makar M, Trento A, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Shiota T. Effect of Percutaneous Edge-to-Edge Repair on Mitral Valve Area and Its Association With Pulmonary Hypertension and Outcomes. Am J Cardiol. 2017 Aug 15; 120(4):662-669. PMID: 28673638.
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    41. Johl MM, Malhotra P, Kehl DW, Rader F, Siegel RJ. Natriuretic peptides in the evaluation and management of degenerative mitral regurgitation: a systematic review. Heart. 2017 05; 103(10):738-744. PMID: 28274956.
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    42. Toyama K, Rader F, Ayabe K, Kar S, Trento A, Nishioka T, De Robertis MA, Siegel RJ. Mitral annular motion in patients after transcatheter MitraClip and mitral valve surgery. Echocardiography. 2017 Mar; 34(3):334-339. PMID: 28130803.
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    43. Utsunomiya H, Mihara H, Itabashi Y, Siegel RJ, Chakravarty T, Jilaihawi H, Makkar RR, Shiota T. Impact of Mitral Annular Displacement on Left Ventricular Diastolic Function Improvement After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation. Circ J. 2017 Mar 24; 81(4):558-566. PMID: 28132982.
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    44. Thomas F, Rader F, Siegel RJ. The Use of MitraClip for Symptomatic Patients with Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy. Cardiology. 2017; 137(1):58-61. PMID: 28095388.
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    45. Utsunomiya H, Itabashi Y, Mihara H, Berdejo J, Kobayashi S, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation Caused by Chronic Atrial Fibrillation: A Real-Time 3-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography Study. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Jan; 10(1). PMID: 28073806.
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    46. Daubert MA, Weissman NJ, Hahn RT, Pibarot P, Parvataneni R, Mack MJ, Svensson LG, Gopal D, Kapadia S, Siegel RJ, Kodali SK, Szeto WY, Makkar R, Leon MB, Douglas PS. Long-Term Valve Performance of TAVR and SAVR: A Report From the PARTNER I Trial. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Dec 08. PMID: 28017714.
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    47. Cheng R, Tat E, Siegel RJ, Arsanjani R, Hussaini A, Makar M, Mizutani Y, Trento A, Kar S. Mitral annular calcification is not associated with decreased procedural success, durability of repair, or left ventricular remodelling in percutaneous edge-to-edge repair of mitral regurgitation. EuroIntervention. 2016 Oct 20; 12(9):1176-1184. PMID: 27753604.
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    48. Wunderlich NC, Küx H, Kreidel F, Birkemeyer R, Siegel RJ. The Changing Paradigm in the Treatment of Structural Heart Disease and the Need for the Interventional Imaging Specialist. Interv Cardiol. 2016 Oct; 11(2):135-139. PMID: 29588721.
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    49. Kobal SL, Liel-Cohen N, Shimony S, Neuman Y, Konstantino Y, Dray EM, Horowitz I, Siegel RJ. Impact of Point-of-Care Ultrasound Examination on Triage of Patients With Suspected Cardiac Disease. Am J Cardiol. 2016 Nov 15; 118(10):1583-1587. PMID: 27634025.
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    50. Rafique AM, Zarrini P, Singh N, Beigel R, Tadwalkar R, Chonde M, Slipczuk L, Cercek B, Kar S, Siegel RJ. Echo-Doppler determinants of outcomes in patients with unoperated significant mitral regurgitation in current era. Open Heart. 2016; 3(2):e000378. PMID: 27547425.
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    51. Kehl DW, Rader F, Pollick C, Trento A, Siegel RJ. Medical Management (ß Blocker ± Disopyramide) of Left Ventricular Outflow Gradient Secondary to Systolic Anterior Motion of the Mitral Valve After Repair. Am J Cardiol. 2016 Oct 01; 118(7):1053-6. PMID: 27567136.
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    52. Kehl DW, Buttan A, Siegel RJ, Rader F. Clinical utility of natriuretic peptides and troponins in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Int J Cardiol. 2016 Sep 01; 218:252-258. PMID: 27236124.
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    53. Utsunomiya H, Mihara H, Itabashi Y, Kobayashi S, Siegel RJ, Chakravarty T, Jilaihawi H, Makkar RR, Shiota T. Geometric changes in ventriculoaortic complex after transcatheter aortic valve replacement and its association with post-procedural prosthesis-patient mismatch: an intraprocedural 3D-TEE study. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Jan; 18(1):1-10. PMID: 27025512.
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    54. Lee CC, Siegel RJ. Sinus of Valsalva Pseudoaneurysm as a Sequela to Infective Endocarditis. Tex Heart Inst J. 2016 Feb; 43(1):46-8. PMID: 27047285.
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    55. Shibayama K, Mihara H, Jilaihawi H, Berdejo J, Harada K, Itabashi Y, Siegel R, Makkar RR, Shiota T. 3D Assessment of Features Associated With Transvalvular Aortic Regurgitation After TAVR: A Real-Time 3D TEE Study. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Feb; 9(2):114-23. PMID: 26777225.
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    56. Neyer J, Arsanjani R, Moriguchi J, Siegel R, Kobashigawa J. Echocardiographic parameters associated with right ventricular failure after left ventricular assist device: A review. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2016 Mar; 35(3):283-293. PMID: 26856675.
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    57. Slipczuk L, Rafique AM, Davila CD, Beigel R, Pressman GS, Siegel RJ. The Role of Medical Therapy in Moderate to Severe Degenerative Mitral Regurgitation. Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2016; 17(1-2):28-39. PMID: 27667378.
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    58. Feldman T, Kar S, Elmariah S, Smart SC, Trento A, Siegel RJ, Apruzzese P, Fail P, Rinaldi MJ, Smalling RW, Hermiller JB, Heimansohn D, Gray WA, Grayburn PA, Mack MJ, Lim DS, Ailawadi G, Herrmann HC, Acker MA, Silvestry FE, Foster E, Wang A, Glower DD, Mauri L. Randomized Comparison of Percutaneous Repair and Surgery for Mitral Regurgitation: 5-Year Results of EVEREST II. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Dec 29; 66(25):2844-2854. PMID: 26718672.
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    59. Siegel R, Lockhart MK, Barnes AS, Hiller E, Kipp R, Robison DL, Ellsworth SC, Hudgens ME. Small prizes increased healthful school lunch selection in a Midwestern school district. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Apr; 41(4):370-4. PMID: 26914228.
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    60. Rafique AM, Siegel RJ. Left Ventricular Size Is Critical for the Echocardiographic Assessment of Chronic Severe Mitral Regurgitation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Sep 29; 66(13):1519-21. PMID: 26403350.
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    61. Mihara H, Shibayama K, Jilaihawi H, Itabashi Y, Berdejo J, Utsunomiya H, Siegel RJ, Makkar RR, Shiota T. Assessment of Post-Procedural Aortic Regurgitation After TAVR: An Intraprocedural TEE Study. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015 Sep; 8(9):993-1003. PMID: 26319501.
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    62. Jilaihawi H, Chakravarty T, Shiota T, Rafique A, Harada K, Shibayama K, Doctor N, Kashif M, Nakamura M, Mirocha J, Rami T, Okuyama K, Cheng W, Sadruddin O, Siegel R, Makkar RR. Heart-rate adjustment of transcatheter haemodynamics improves the prognostic evaluation of paravalvular regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. EuroIntervention. 2015 Aug; 11(4):456-64. PMID: 25499834.
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    63. Stone GW, Vahanian AS, Adams DH, Abraham WT, Borer JS, Bax JJ, Schofer J, Cutlip DE, Krucoff MW, Blackstone EH, Généreux P, Mack MJ, Siegel RJ, Grayburn PA, Enriquez-Sarano M, Lancellotti P, Filippatos G, Kappetein AP. Clinical Trial Design Principles and Endpoint Definitions for Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair and Replacement: Part 1: Clinical Trial Design Principles: A Consensus Document From the Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Jul 21; 66(3):278-307. PMID: 26184622.
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    64. Stone GW, Vahanian AS, Adams DH, Abraham WT, Borer JS, Bax JJ, Schofer J, Cutlip DE, Krucoff MW, Blackstone EH, Généreux P, Mack MJ, Siegel RJ, Grayburn PA, Enriquez-Sarano M, Lancellotti P, Filippatos G, Kappetein AP. Clinical trial design principles and endpoint definitions for transcatheter mitral valve repair and replacement: part 1: clinical trial design principles: A consensus document from the mitral valve academic research consortium. Eur Heart J. 2015 Aug 01; 36(29):1851-77. PMID: 26170467.
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    65. Vanichsarn C, Siegel RJ. Fool me once, fool me twice: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with aortic stenosis. Am J Med. 2015 Oct; 128(10):1076-9. PMID: 26021815.
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    66. Grayburn PA, Carabello B, Hung JW, Gillam LD, Liang D, Mack MJ, McCarthy PM, Miller DC, Trento A, Siegel RJ. Reply: When to Call It Severe Mitral Regurgitation? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Jun 30; 65(25):2767-8. PMID: 26112205.
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    67. Khachatryan T, Lange D, Ramzy D, Siegel RJ, Arsanjani R. Inverted left atrial appendage after cardiac procedure. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015 Sep; 16(9):1047. PMID: 26003148.
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    68. Zarrini P, Elboudwarej O, Luthringer D, Siegel R. Rare Mycotic Aneurysm of the Mitral Valve without Aortic Valve Involvement. Echocardiography. 2015 Sep; 32(9):1428-31. PMID: 25881967.
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    69. Izumo M, Shiota M, Nalawadi S, Das J, Dohad S, Kuwahara E, Fukuoka Y, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Determinants of Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension in Patients with Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy. Echocardiography. 2015 Nov; 32(11):1608-13. PMID: 25882103.
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    70. Tang S, Beigel R, Arsanjani R, Larson B, Luthringer D, Siegel R. Infective Endovascular Fibrin Sheath Vegetations—A New Cause of Bacteremia Detected by Transesophageal Echocardiogram. Am J Med. 2015 Sep; 128(9):1029-38. PMID: 25865922.
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    71. Wunderlich NC, Beigel R, Swaans MJ, Ho SY, Siegel RJ. Percutaneous interventions for left atrial appendage exclusion: options, assessment, and imaging using 2D and 3D echocardiography. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015 Apr; 8(4):472-488. PMID: 25882576.
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    72. Ammi AY, Lindner JR, Zhao Y, Porter T, Siegel R, Kaul S. Efficacy and spatial distribution of ultrasound-mediated clot lysis in the absence of thrombolytics. Thromb Haemost. 2015 Jun; 113(6):1357-69. PMID: 25809056.
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    73. Itabashi Y, Shibayama K, Mihara H, Utsunomiya H, Berdejo J, Arsanjani R, Siegel R, Chakravarty T, Jilaihawi H, Makkar RR, Shiota T. Significant Reduction in Mitral Regurgitation Volume Is the Main Contributor for Increase in Systolic Forward Flow in Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Hemodynamic Analysis Using Echocardiography. Echocardiography. 2015 Nov; 32(11):1621-7. PMID: 25817306.
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    74. Siegel RJ, Luo H, Makar M, Beigel R. Optimal use of echocardiography in valvular heart disease evaluation. Heart. 2015 Jun; 101(12):977-86. PMID: 25801000.
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    75. Beigel R, Cercek B, Siegel RJ, Hamilton MA. Echo-Doppler hemodynamics: an important management tool for today's heart failure care. Circulation. 2015 Mar 17; 131(11):1031-4. PMID: 25779543.
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    76. Siegel R, Eschenbacher W, Veldtman G. Fitness and cardiovascular health, not just a European issue. Heart. 2015 May 15; 101(10):745-6. PMID: 25753115.
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    77. Parikh V, Kim C, Siegel RJ, Arsanjani R, Rader F. Natriuretic peptides for risk stratification of patients with valvular aortic stenosis. Circ Heart Fail. 2015 Mar; 8(2):373-80. PMID: 25783947.
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    78. Biner S, Topilsky Y, Banai S, Steinvil A, Arbel Y, Siegel RJ, Beigel R, Keren G, Finkelstein A. Echo Doppler Estimation of Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure in Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis. Echocardiography. 2015 Oct; 32(10):1492-7. PMID: 25611697.
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    79. Chakravarty T, Van Belle E, Jilaihawi H, Noheria A, Testa L, Bedogni F, Rück A, Barbanti M, Toggweiler S, Thomas M, Khawaja MZ, Hutter A, Abramowitz Y, Siegel RJ, Cheng W, Webb J, Leon MB, Makkar RR. Meta-analysis of the impact of mitral regurgitation on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Am J Cardiol. 2015 Apr 01; 115(7):942-9. PMID: 25779617.
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    80. Elboudwarej O, Wei J, Siegel R. Diagnosis of an aortic valvular lesion. Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE). Heart. 2015 May; 101(9):719, 726. PMID: 25586154.
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    81. Mihara H, Shibayama K, Berdejo J, Harada K, Itabashi Y, Siegel RJ, Kashif M, Jilaihawi H, Makkar RR, Shiota T. Impact of device landing zone calcification on paravalvular regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement: a real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic study. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2015 Apr; 28(4):404-14. PMID: 25560483.
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    82. Grayburn PA, Carabello B, Hung J, Gillam LD, Liang D, Mack MJ, McCarthy PM, Miller DC, Trento A, Siegel RJ. Defining "severe" secondary mitral regurgitation: emphasizing an integrated approach. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Dec 30; 64(25):2792-801. PMID: 25541133.
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    83. Beigel R, Wunderlich NC, Kar S, Siegel RJ. The evolution of percutaneous mitral valve repair therapy: lessons learned and implications for patient selection. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Dec 23; 64(24):2688-2700. PMID: 25524345.
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    84. Nguyen BL, Capotosto L, Persi A, Placanica A, Rafique A, Piccirillo G, Gaudio C, Gang ES, Siegel RJ, Vitarelli A. Global and regional left ventricular strain indices in post-myocardial infarction patients with ventricular arrhythmias and moderately abnormal ejection fraction. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2015 Feb; 41(2):407-17. PMID: 25542492.
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    85. Beigel R, Wunderlich NC, Ho SY, Arsanjani R, Siegel RJ. The left atrial appendage: anatomy, function, and noninvasive evaluation. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Dec; 7(12):1251-65. PMID: 25496544.
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    86. Rader F, Sachdev E, Arsanjani R, Siegel RJ. Left ventricular hypertrophy in valvular aortic stenosis: mechanisms and clinical implications. Am J Med. 2015 Apr; 128(4):344-52. PMID: 25460869.
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    87. Douglas PS, Hahn RT, Pibarot P, Weissman NJ, Stewart WJ, Xu K, Wang Z, Lerakis S, Siegel R, Thompson C, Gopal D, Keane MG, Svensson LG, Tuzcu EM, Smith CR, Leon MB. Hemodynamic outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement and medical management in severe, inoperable aortic stenosis: a longitudinal echocardiographic study of cohort B of the PARTNER trial. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2015 Feb; 28(2):210-7.e1-9. PMID: 25455544.
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    88. Khachatryan T, Beigel R, Arsanjani R, Siegel RJ. The 'Inextricabilis Syndrome': a case with no solution. Echo Res Pract. 2014 Dec 01; 1(2):K13-6. PMID: 26693308.
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    89. Matsumoto T, Nakamura M, Yeow WL, Hussaini A, Ram V, Makar M, Gurudevan SV, Trento A, Siegel RJ, Kar S. Impact of pulmonary hypertension on outcomes in patients with functional mitral regurgitation undergoing percutaneous edge-to-edge repair. Am J Cardiol. 2014 Dec 01; 114(11):1735-9. PMID: 25306555.
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    90. Ahlgren J, Patel N, Simmens S, Akin E, Bishop C, Kirkel D, Siegel P, Schuck S, Guebre-Xabiher H, Siegel R. O-MAX chemotherapy: high activity in metastatic esophagogastric adenocarcinoma and possible relation to subclinical hemolysis. Oncology. 2014; 87(6):371-80. PMID: 25227924.
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    91. Ishimori ML, Agarwal M, Beigel R, Ng RK, Firooz N, Weisman MH, Siegel RJ. Systemic lupus erythematosus cardiomyopathy—a case series demonstrating a reversible form of left ventricular dysfunction. Echocardiography. 2014 May; 31(5):563-8. PMID: 25232571.
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    92. Rostamian A, Narayan SM, Thomson L, Fishbein M, Siegel RJ. The incidence, diagnosis, and management of pulmonary vein stenosis as a complication of atrial fibrillation ablation. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2014 Jun; 40(1):63-74. PMID: 24626996.
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    93. Beigel R, Siegel RJ. Should the guidelines for the assessment of the severity of functional mitral regurgitation be redefined? JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Mar; 7(3):313-4. PMID: 24651104.
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    94. Beigel R, Siegel RJ, Kahlon RS, Jilaihawi H, Cheng W, Makkar RR. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation for a failed bio-bentall in patients with Marfan syndrome. Cardiology. 2014; 128(1):9-12. PMID: 24504220.
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    95. Shibayama K, Harada K, Berdejo J, Mihara H, Tanaka J, Gurudevan SV, Siegel R, Jilaihawi H, Makkar RR, Shiota T. Effect of transcatheter aortic valve replacement on the mitral valve apparatus and mitral regurgitation: real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography study. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Mar; 7(2):344-51. PMID: 24474596.
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    96. Beigel R, Siegel RJ. Evaluation of prosthetic valve dysfunction with the use of echocardiography. Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2014; 15(4):332-50. PMID: 25662927.
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    97. Kobal SL, Wilkof-Segev R, Patchett MS, Vodonos A, Liel-Cohen N, Novack V, Bangalore S, Siegel RJ. Prognostic value of myocardial ischemic electrocardiographic response in patients with normal stress echocardiographic study. Am J Cardiol. 2014 Mar 15; 113(6):945-9. PMID: 24440328.
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    98. Slipczuk L, Beigel R, Siegel RJ. Surgery vs watchful waiting for mitral regurgitation. JAMA. 2013 Nov 20; 310(19):2098-9. PMID: 24240938.
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    99. Berdejo J, Shibayama K, Harada K, Tanaka J, Mihara H, Gurudevan SV, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Evaluation of vegetation size and its relationship with embolism in infective endocarditis: a real-time 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography study. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Jan; 7(1):149-54. PMID: 24214886.
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    100. Wunderlich NC, Beigel R, Siegel RJ. Management of mitral stenosis using 2D and 3D echo-Doppler imaging. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Nov; 6(11):1191-205. PMID: 24229772.
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    102. Beigel R, Cercek B, Arsanjani R, Siegel RJ. Echocardiography in the use of noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring. J Crit Care. 2014 Feb; 29(1):184.e1-8. PMID: 24135014.
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    103. Beigel R, Goland S, Siegel RJ. Comparison of the effect on right atrial pressure of abdominal compression versus the Valsalva maneuver. Am J Cardiol. 2014 Jan 01; 113(1):183-6. PMID: 24176064.
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    104. Wunderlich NC, Siegel RJ. Peri-interventional echo assessment for the MitraClip procedure. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Oct; 14(10):935-49. PMID: 24062377.
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    105. Plotkin JB, Siegel RJ, Beigel R. Plaque disruption during transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Jan; 15(1):117. PMID: 23970763.
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    106. Dela Cruz SG, Plotkin JB, Esmailian F, Beigel R, Siegel RJ. Misdiagnosis by transoesophageal echo of post-operative cardiac thrombus and tamponade due to Surgicel® Fibrillar. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Jan; 15(1):114. PMID: 23913333.
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    107. Hagisawa K, Nishioka T, Suzuki R, Maruyama K, Takase B, Ishihara M, Kurita A, Yoshimoto N, Nishida Y, Iida K, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Thrombus-targeted perfluorocarbon-containing liposomal bubbles for enhancement of ultrasonic thrombolysis: in vitro and in vivo study. J Thromb Haemost. 2013 Aug; 11(8):1565-73. PMID: 23773778.
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    108. Beigel R, Cercek B, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Noninvasive evaluation of right atrial pressure. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2013 Sep; 26(9):1033-42. PMID: 23860098.
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    109. Patel N, Rafique AM, Eshaghian S, Mendoza F, Biner S, Cercek B, Siegel RJ. Retrospective comparison of outcomes, diagnostic value, and complications of percutaneous prolonged drainage versus surgical pericardiotomy of pericardial effusion associated with malignancy. Am J Cardiol. 2013 Oct 15; 112(8):1235-9. PMID: 23827405.
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    111. Rostamian A, Rathod A, Makkar RR, Siegel RJ. Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of patent foramen ovale in platypnea-orthodeoxia. Echocardiography. 2013 Sep; 30(8):E239-42. PMID: 23799884.
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    112. Roberts WC, Filardo G, Ko JM, Siegel RJ, Dollar AL, Ross EM, Shirani J. Comparison of total 12-lead QRS voltage in a variety of cardiac conditions and its usefulness in predicting increased cardiac mass. Am J Cardiol. 2013 Sep 15; 112(6):904-9. PMID: 23768457.
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    113. Beigel R, Thomson LE, Siegel RJ. An unusual case of saline contrast injected in the anterior cubital vein appearing in the left heart prior to the right heart. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Aug 13; 62(7):e13. PMID: 23747763.
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    114. Spencer KT, Kimura BJ, Korcarz CE, Pellikka PA, Rahko PS, Siegel RJ. Focused cardiac ultrasound: recommendations from the American Society of Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2013 Jun; 26(6):567-81. PMID: 23711341.
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    115. Makkar RR, Jilaihawi H, Chakravarty T, Fontana GP, Kapadia S, Babaliaros V, Cheng W, Thourani VH, Bavaria J, Svensson L, Kodali S, Shiota T, Siegel R, Tuzcu EM, Xu K, Hahn RT, Herrmann HC, Reisman M, Whisenant B, Lim S, Beohar N, Mack M, Teirstein P, Rihal C, Douglas PS, Blackstone E, Pichard A, Webb JG, Leon MB. Determinants and outcomes of acute transcatheter valve-in-valve therapy or embolization: a study of multiple valve implants in the U.S. PARTNER trial (Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valve Trial Edwards SAPIEN Transcatheter Heart Valve). J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Jul 30; 62(5):418-30. PMID: 23684680.
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    116. Wunderlich NC, Beigel R, Siegel RJ. The role of echocardiography during mitral valve percutaneous interventions. Cardiol Clin. 2013 May; 31(2):237-70. PMID: 23743076.
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    117. Jilaihawi H, Doctor N, Kashif M, Chakravarty T, Rafique A, Makar M, Furugen A, Nakamura M, Mirocha J, Gheorghiu M, Stegic J, Okuyama K, Sullivan DJ, Siegel R, Min JK, Gurudevan SV, Fontana GP, Cheng W, Friede G, Shiota T, Makkar RR. Aortic annular sizing for transcatheter aortic valve replacement using cross-sectional 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Mar 05; 61(9):908-16. PMID: 23449425.
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    118. Douglas PS, Waugh RA, Bloomfield G, Dunn G, Davis L, Hahn RT, Pibarot P, Stewart WJ, Weissman NJ, Hueter I, Siegel R, Lerakis S, Miller DC, Smith CR, Leon MB. Implementation of echocardiography core laboratory best practices: a case study of the PARTNER I trial. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2013 Apr; 26(4):348-358.e3. PMID: 23465887.
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    119. Min JK, Castellanos J, Siegel R. New frontiers in CT angiography: physiologic assessment of coronary artery disease by multidetector CT. Heart. 2013 May; 99(9):661-8. PMID: 23403408.
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    120. Matsumoto T, Nakamura M, Yeow WL, Siegel RJ, Kar S. Transcatheter left atrial appendage closure after incomplete surgical ligation. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Feb; 6(2):e11-2. PMID: 23428020.
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    121. Tanaka J, Izumo M, Fukuoka Y, Saitoh T, Harada K, Harada K, Gurudevan SV, Tolstrup K, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Comparison of two-dimensional versus real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography for evaluation of patent foramen ovale morphology. Am J Cardiol. 2013 Apr 01; 111(7):1052-6. PMID: 23352264.
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    123. Smith T, Gurudevan S, Cheng V, Trento A, Derobertis M, Thomson L, Friedman J, Hayes S, Siegel RJ, Berman DS. Assessment of the morphological features of degenerative mitral valve disease using 64-slice multi detector computed tomography. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2012 Nov-Dec; 6(6):415-21. PMID: 23146347.
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    124. Reinstein E, Frentz S, Morgan T, García-Miñaúr S, Leventer RJ, McGillivray G, Pariani M, van der Steen A, Pope M, Holder-Espinasse M, Scott R, Thompson EM, Robertson T, Coppin B, Siegel R, Bret Zurita M, Rodríguez JI, Morales C, Rodrigues Y, Arcas J, Saggar A, Horton M, Zackai E, Graham JM, Rimoin DL, Robertson SP. Vascular and connective tissue anomalies associated with X-linked periventricular heterotopia due to mutations in Filamin A. Eur J Hum Genet. 2013 May; 21(5):494-502. PMID: 23032111.
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    125. Czer LS, Goland S, Soukiasian HJ, Gallagher S, De Robertis MA, Mirocha J, Siegel RJ, Kass RM, Trento A. Aortic valve replacement or heart transplantation in patients with aortic stenosis and severe left ventricular dysfunction. Transplant Proc. 2013 Jan-Feb; 45(1):364-8. PMID: 23267804.
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    126. Siegel RJ, Luo H. Echocardiography in transcatheter aortic valve implantation and mitral valve clip. Korean J Intern Med. 2012 Sep; 27(3):245-61. PMID: 23019387.
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    127. Bulian DR, Trump L, Knuth J, Siegel R, Sauerwald A, Ströhlein MA, Heiss MM. Less pain after transvaginal/transumbilical cholecystectomy than after the classical laparoscopic technique: short-term results of a matched-cohort study. Surg Endosc. 2013 Feb; 27(2):580-6. PMID: 22926893.
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    128. Izumo M, Shiota M, Saitoh T, Kuwahara E, Fukuoka Y, Gurudevan SV, Tolstrup K, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Non-circular shape of right ventricular outflow tract: a real-time 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography study. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Sep 01; 5(5):621-7. PMID: 22891043.
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    129. Goldberg YH, Ginelli P, Siegel R, Ostfeld RJ, Schaefer M, Spevack DM. Administration of perflutren contrast agents during transthoracic echocardiography is not associated with a significant increase in acute mortality risk. Cardiology. 2012; 122(2):119-25. PMID: 22813648.
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    131. Rafique AM, Phan A, Tehrani F, Biner S, Siegel RJ. Transthoracic echocardiographic parameters in the estimation of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure in patients with present or previous heart failure. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Sep 01; 110(5):689-94. PMID: 22632828.
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    132. Biner S, Siegel RJ, Feldman T, Rafique AM, Trento A, Whitlow P, Rogers J, Moon M, Lindman B, Zajarias A, Glower D, Kar S. Acute effect of percutaneous MitraClip therapy in patients with haemodynamic decompensation. Eur J Heart Fail. 2012 Aug; 14(8):939-45. PMID: 22588322.
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    133. Saitoh T, Izumo M, Furugen A, Tanaka J, Miyata-Fukuoka Y, Gurudevan SV, Tolstrup K, Siegel RJ, Kar S, Shiota T. Echocardiographic evaluation of iatrogenic atrial septal defect after catheter-based mitral valve clip insertion. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Jun 15; 109(12):1787-91. PMID: 22475361.
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    134. Makkar RR, Fontana GP, Jilaihawi H, Kapadia S, Pichard AD, Douglas PS, Thourani VH, Babaliaros VC, Webb JG, Herrmann HC, Bavaria JE, Kodali S, Brown DL, Bowers B, Dewey TM, Svensson LG, Tuzcu M, Moses JW, Williams MR, Siegel RJ, Akin JJ, Anderson WN, Pocock S, Smith CR, Leon MB. Transcatheter aortic-valve replacement for inoperable severe aortic stenosis. N Engl J Med. 2012 May 03; 366(18):1696-704. PMID: 22443478.
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    135. Saitoh T, Shiota M, Izumo M, Gurudevan SV, Tolstrup K, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Comparison of left ventricular outflow geometry and aortic valve area in patients with aortic stenosis by 2-dimensional versus 3-dimensional echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Jun 01; 109(11):1626-31. PMID: 22440128.
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    136. Miyata-Fukuoka Y, Izumo M, Shimada Y, Kuwahara E, Gurudevan SV, Tolstrup K, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Left atrial size and function are related to pulmonary hypertension in coronary artery disease. Echocardiography. 2012 May; 29(5):535-40. PMID: 22324451.
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    137. Whitlow PL, Feldman T, Pedersen WR, Lim DS, Kipperman R, Smalling R, Bajwa T, Herrmann HC, Lasala J, Maddux JT, Tuzcu M, Kapadia S, Trento A, Siegel RJ, Foster E, Glower D, Mauri L, Kar S. Acute and 12-month results with catheter-based mitral valve leaflet repair: the EVEREST II (Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair) High Risk Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jan 10; 59(2):130-9. PMID: 22222076.
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    138. Nalawadi SS, Tolstrup K, Cuk O, Shiota T, Gurudevan SV, Siegel RJ. Atropine as an adjunct to supine bicycle stress echocardiography: an alternative strategy to achieve target heart rate or rate pressure product. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Jul; 13(7):612-6. PMID: 22271103.
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    139. Nguyen CT, Lee E, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Echocardiographic guidance for diagnostic and therapeutic percutaneous procedures. Cardiovasc Diagn Ther. 2011 Dec; 1(1):11-36. PMID: 24282682.
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    140. Daneshvar DA, Kedia G, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Familial restrictive cardiomyopathy with 12 affected family members. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Feb 01; 109(3):445-7. PMID: 22071211.
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    141. Rafique AM, Patel N, Biner S, Eshaghian S, Mendoza F, Cercek B, Siegel RJ. Frequency of recurrence of pericardial tamponade in patients with extended versus nonextended pericardial catheter drainage. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Dec 15; 108(12):1820-5. PMID: 21907951.
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    142. Perk G, Biner S, Kronzon I, Saric M, Chinitz L, Thompson K, Shiota T, Hussani A, Lang R, Siegel R, Kar S. Catheter-based left atrial appendage occlusion procedure: role of echocardiography. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Feb; 13(2):132-8. PMID: 21903725.
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    143. Manuchehry A, Fontana GP, Gurudevan S, Marchevsky AM, Siegel RJ. Missed diagnosis of limited ascending aortic dissection by multiple imaging modalities leading to fatal cardiac tamponade and aortic rupture. Echocardiography. 2011 Oct; 28(9):E187-90. PMID: 21827545.
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    144. Orakzai RH, Nalawadi S, Cuk O, Thomson L, Elad Y, Trento A, Siegel RJ, Loghavi S. Multimodality evaluation of a rare intracardiac tumor: cardiac hemangioma. Am J Med. 2011 Aug; 124(8):e3-4. PMID: 21787898.
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    145. Ahmadi N, Eshaghian S, Huizenga R, Sosnin K, Ebrahimi R, Siegel R. Effects of intense exercise and moderate caloric restriction on cardiovascular risk factors and inflammation. Am J Med. 2011 Oct; 124(10):978-82. PMID: 21798505.
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    146. Goland S, Siegel RJ, Burton K, De Robertis MA, Rafique A, Schwarz E, Zivari K, Mirocha J, Trento A, Czer LS. Changes in left and right ventricular function of donor hearts during the first year after heart transplantation. Heart. 2011 Oct; 97(20):1681-6. PMID: 21586422.
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    147. Thompson KA, Siegel RJ. Heart in heart. J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2011 May; 12(5):343-4. PMID: 20814311.
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    148. Siegel RJ, Biner S, Rafique AM, Rinaldi M, Lim S, Fail P, Hermiller J, Smalling R, Whitlow PL, Herrmann HC, Foster E, Feldman T, Glower D, Kar S. The acute hemodynamic effects of MitraClip therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Apr 19; 57(16):1658-65. PMID: 21492763.
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    149. Izumo M, Nalawadi S, Shiota M, Das J, Dohad S, Kuwahara E, Fukuoka Y, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Mechanisms of acute mitral regurgitation in patients with takotsubo cardiomyopathy: an echocardiographic study. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011 Jul; 4(4):392-8. PMID: 21498669.
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    150. Feldman T, Foster E, Glower DD, Glower DG, Kar S, Rinaldi MJ, Fail PS, Smalling RW, Siegel R, Rose GA, Engeron E, Loghin C, Trento A, Skipper ER, Fudge T, Letsou GV, Massaro JM, Mauri L. Percutaneous repair or surgery for mitral regurgitation. N Engl J Med. 2011 Apr 14; 364(15):1395-406. PMID: 21463154.
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    151. Biner S, Perk G, Kar S, Rafique AM, Slater J, Shiota T, Hussaini A, Chou S, Kronzon I, Siegel RJ. Utility of combined two-dimensional and three-dimensional transesophageal imaging for catheter-based mitral valve clip repair of mitral regurgitation. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2011 Jun; 24(6):611-7. PMID: 21435839.
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    152. Tolstrup K, Shiota T, Gurudevan S, Luthringer D, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Left atrial myxomas: correlation of two-dimensional and live three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography with the clinical and pathologic findings. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2011 Jun; 24(6):618-24. PMID: 21367578.
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    153. Siegel RJ, Luo H, Biner S. Transcatheter valve repair/implantation. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011 Dec; 27(8):1165-77. PMID: 21344247.
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    154. Thompson KA, Shiota T, Tolstrup K, Gurudevan SV, Siegel RJ. Utility of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the diagnosis of valvular perforations. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Jan; 107(1):100-2. PMID: 21146695.
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    155. Gurudevan SV, Shah H, Tolstrup K, Siegel R, Krishnan SC. Septal thrombus in the left atrium: is the left atrial septal pouch the culprit? JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010 Dec; 3(12):1284-6. PMID: 21163458.
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    156. Uddin PQ, Boyer D, Siegel RJ. Retinal artery embolization from a calcified bicuspid aortic valve causing amaurosis fugax. Am J Med. 2010 Dec; 123(12):1091-3. PMID: 20934672.
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    157. Nalawadi SS, Siegel RJ, Wolin E, Yu R, Trento A, Shiota T, Tolstrup K, Luthringer D, Gurudevan S. Morphologic features of carcinoid heart disease as assessed by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. Echocardiography. 2010 Oct; 27(9):1098-105. PMID: 21039812.
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    158. Shimada YJ, Shiota M, Siegel RJ, Shiota T. Accuracy of right ventricular volumes and function determined by three-dimensional echocardiography in comparison with magnetic resonance imaging: a meta-analysis study. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2010 Sep; 23(9):943-53. PMID: 20797527.
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    159. Biner S, Rafique AM, Goykhman P, Morrissey RP, Naghi J, Siegel RJ. Prognostic value of E/E' ratio in patients with unoperated severe aortic stenosis. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010 Sep; 3(9):899-907. PMID: 20846623.
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    160. Hudson M, Greenbaum A, Brenton L, Gibson CM, Siegel R, Reeves LR, Sala MF, McKendall G, Bluguermann J, Echt D, Ohman EM, Weaver WD. Adjunctive transcutaneous ultrasound with thrombolysis: results of the PLUS (Perfusion by ThromboLytic and UltraSound) trial. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Mar; 3(3):352-9. PMID: 20298997.
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    161. Biner S, Rafique A, Rafii F, Tolstrup K, Noorani O, Shiota T, Gurudevan S, Siegel RJ. Reproducibility of proximal isovelocity surface area, vena contracta, and regurgitant jet area for assessment of mitral regurgitation severity. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010 Mar; 3(3):235-43. PMID: 20223419.
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    162. Biner S, Kar S, Siegel RJ, Rafique A, Shiota T. Value of color Doppler three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the percutaneous closure of mitral prosthesis paravalvular leak. Am J Cardiol. 2010 Apr 01; 105(7):984-9. PMID: 20346317.
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    163. Naghi JJ, Siegel RJ. Medical management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2010; 11(4):202-17. PMID: 21389910.
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    164. Tehrani F, Dhesi P, Daneshvar D, Phan A, Rafique A, Siegel RJ, Cercek B. Erythropoiesis stimulating agents in heart failure patients with anemia: a meta-analysis. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2009 Dec; 23(6):511-8. PMID: 19862609.
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    165. Ronco F, Simsir S, Czer L, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Incidental finding by two-dimensional echocardiography of a mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta after orthotopic heart transplantation. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2010 May; 23(5):580.e1-3. PMID: 19880279.
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    166. Rafique AM, Biner S, Ray I, Forrester JS, Tolstrup K, Siegel RJ. Meta-analysis of prognostic value of stress testing in patients with asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis. Am J Cardiol. 2009 Oct 01; 104(7):972-7. PMID: 19766766.
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    167. Biner S, Rafique AM, Ray I, Cuk O, Siegel RJ, Tolstrup K. Aortopathy is prevalent in relatives of bicuspid aortic valve patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Jun 16; 53(24):2288-95. PMID: 19520254.
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    168. Biner S, Rafique AM, Wolak A, Tolstrup K, Siegel RJ. Visual assessment of left ventricular dyssynchrony using tissue synchronization imaging. Cardiology. 2009; 114(2):90-9. PMID: 19420936.
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    169. Akima T, Makkar R, Nishioka T, Dohad S, Iida K, Goland S, Kar S, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Impact of nitroglycerin and verapamil on coronary arterial distensibility as assessed by intravascular ultrasound. J Invasive Cardiol. 2009 Apr; 21(4):162-7. PMID: 19342754.
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    170. Goland S, Rafique AM, Mirocha J, Siegel RJ, Naqvi TZ. Reduction in mitral regurgitation in patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization treatment: assessment of predictors by two-dimensional radial strain echocardiography. Echocardiography. 2009 Apr; 26(4):420-30. PMID: 19382944.
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    171. Singh D, Cercek B, Fuller C, Siegel R. Intestinopericardial fistula presenting as cardiac tamponade. Am J Cardiol. 2009 Apr 15; 103(8):1178-9. PMID: 19361611.
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    172. Siegel R, Burock S, Wernecke KD, Kretzschmar A, Dietel M, Loy V, Koswig S, Budach V, Schlag PM. Preoperative short-course radiotherapy versus combined radiochemotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer: a multi-centre prospectively randomised study of the Berlin Cancer Society. BMC Cancer. 2009 Feb 06; 9:50. PMID: 19200365.
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    176. Padma-Nathan H, McCullough AR, Levine LA, Lipshultz LI, Siegel R, Montorsi F, Giuliano F, Brock G. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of postoperative nightly sildenafil citrate for the prevention of erectile dysfunction after bilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy. Int J Impot Res. 2008 Sep-Oct; 20(5):479-86. PMID: 18650827.
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    177. Goland S, Czer LS, Siegel RJ, Tabak S, Jordan S, Luthringer D, Mirocha J, Coleman B, Kass RM, Trento A. Intravenous immunoglobulin treatment for acute fulminant inflammatory cardiomyopathy: series of six patients and review of literature. Can J Cardiol. 2008 Jul; 24(7):571-4. PMID: 18612500.
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    178. Naqvi TZ, Rafique AM, Swerdlow C, Verma S, Siegel RJ, Tolstrup K, Kerwin W, Goodman J, Gallik D, Gang E, Peter CT. Predictors of reduction in mitral regurgitation in patients undergoing cardiac resynchronisation treatment. Heart. 2008 Dec; 94(12):1580-8. PMID: 18467354.
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    179. Siegel RJ, Luo H. Ultrasound thrombolysis. Ultrasonics. 2008 Aug; 48(4):312-20. PMID: 18462769.
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    180. Goland S, Czer LS, Kass RM, Siegel RJ, Mirocha J, De Robertis MA, Lee J, Raissi S, Cheng W, Fontana G, Trento A. Use of cardiac allografts with mild and moderate left ventricular hypertrophy can be safely used in heart transplantation to expand the donor pool. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Mar 25; 51(12):1214-20. PMID: 18355661.
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    181. Siegel R, Dresel S, Koswig S, Gebauer B, Hunerbein M, Schneider W, Schlag PM. Response to preoperative short-course radiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer: value of f-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. Onkologie. 2008 Apr; 31(4):166-72. PMID: 18418017.
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    182. Goland S, Trento A, Czer LS, Eshaghian S, Tolstrup K, Naqvi TZ, De Robertis MA, Mirocha J, Iida K, Siegel RJ. Thoracic aortic arteriosclerosis in patients with degenerative aortic stenosis with and without coexisting coronary artery disease. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Jan; 85(1):113-9. PMID: 18154793.
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    183. Kobal SL, Paran E, Jamali A, Mizrahi S, Siegel RJ, Leor J. Pheochromocytoma: cyclic attacks of hypertension alternating with hypotension. Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med. 2008 Jan; 5(1):53-7. PMID: 18094673.
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    184. Goland S, Czer LS, Luthringer D, Siegel RJ. A case of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Can J Cardiol. 2008 Jan; 24(1):61-2. PMID: 18209772.
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    185. Goland S, Schwarz ER, Siegel RJ, Czer LS. Pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Dec; 197(6):e11-3. PMID: 18060935.
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    186. Wertman BM, Goland S, Davidson RM, Siegel RJ. Right atrial and ventricular masses of unknown origin. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2008 Jun; 21(6):776.e5-7. PMID: 17931831.
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    187. Neuman Y, Kotliroff A, Bental T, Siegel RJ, David D, Lishner M. Pulmonary artery pressure and diastolic dysfunction in normal left ventricular systolic function. Int J Cardiol. 2008 Jul 04; 127(2):174-8. PMID: 17643534.
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    188. Ogawa M, Zhou S, Tan AY, Song J, Gholmieh G, Fishbein MC, Luo H, Siegel RJ, Karagueuzian HS, Chen LS, Lin SF, Chen PS. Left stellate ganglion and vagal nerve activity and cardiac arrhythmias in ambulatory dogs with pacing-induced congestive heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Jul 24; 50(4):335-43. PMID: 17659201.
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    189. Naqvi TZ, Aslanian NG, Rafique AM, Siegel RJ. A novel finding to assess ischemia in pacing stress echocardiography (PASE). Echocardiography. 2007 Jul; 24(6):629-37. PMID: 17584203.
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    190. Atar S, Tolstrup K, Cercek B, Siegel RJ. Chlamydia pneumoniae antibody titers and cardiac calcifications: a cross-sectional serological-echocardiographic correlative study. Isr Med Assoc J. 2007 Jul; 9(7):517-20. PMID: 17710782.
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    191. Iida K, Goland S, Akima T, Luo H, Birnbaum Y, Siegel RJ. Effect of a single 20-mg tablet of Atorvastatin on brachial artery blood flow in normolipidemic male smokers versus nonsmokers. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Sep 01; 100(5):881-4. PMID: 17719338.
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    192. Potkin R, Cheng V, Siegel R. Effects of glossopharyngeal insufflation on cardiac function: an echocardiographic study in elite breath-hold divers. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Sep; 103(3):823-7. PMID: 17556497.
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    193. Tung R, Siegel RJ. Aortic pseudocoarctation associated with a stenotic congenitally bicuspid aortic valve. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Jul 01; 100(1):157-8. PMID: 17599462.
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    194. Atar S, Siegel RJ, Akel R, Ye Y, Lin Y, Modi SA, Sewani A, Tuero E, Birnbaum Y. Ultrasound at 27 kHz increases tissue expression and activity of nitric oxide synthases in acute limb ischemia in rabbits. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2007 Sep; 33(9):1483-8. PMID: 17507145.
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    195. Goland S, Trento A, Iida K, Czer LS, De Robertis M, Naqvi TZ, Tolstrup K, Akima T, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Assessment of aortic stenosis by three-dimensional echocardiography: an accurate and novel approach. Heart. 2007 Jul; 93(7):801-7. PMID: 17488766.
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    196. Cogert G, Siegel RJ. Giant floating aortic thrombus: a rare finding on transesophageal echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Mar 01; 99(5):739-40. PMID: 17317383.
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    197. Siegel RJ, Birnbaum Y. Noninvasive coronary angiography using multislice computerized tomography. Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2007; 8(1):17-20. PMID: 17401298.
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    198. Goland S, Luo T, Siegel RJ. Multiple intracardiac thrombi in a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy. Heart. 2006 Oct; 92(10):1472. PMID: 16973801.
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    199. Kobal SL, Pollick C, Atar S, Miyamoto T, Aslanian N, Neuman Y, Tolstrup K, Naqvi TZ, Luo H, Macrum B, Siegel RJ. Stress echocardiography in octogenarians: transesophageal atrial pacing is accurate, safe, and well tolerated. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2006 Aug; 19(8):1012-6. PMID: 16880096.
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    200. Iida K, Luo H, Hagisawa K, Akima T, Shah PK, Naqvi TZ, Siegel RJ. Noninvasive low-frequency ultrasound energy causes vasodilation in humans. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Aug 01; 48(3):532-7. PMID: 16875980.
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    201. Modi SA, Siegel RJ, Birnbaum Y, Atar S. Systematic overview and clinical applications of pacing atrial stress echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 2006 Aug 15; 98(4):549-56. PMID: 16893716.
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    202. Tolstrup K, Madsen BE, Ruiz JA, Greenwood SD, Camacho J, Siegel RJ, Gertzen HC, Park JW, Smars PA. Non-invasive resting magnetocardiographic imaging for the rapid detection of ischemia in subjects presenting with chest pain. Cardiology. 2006; 106(4):270-6. PMID: 16733351.
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    203. Naqvi TZ, Boyatt J, Siegel RJ. Predictors of mortality in paravalvular abscess. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2005 Dec; 18(12):1404-8. PMID: 16376774.
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    205. Neuman Y, Tolstrup K, Blanche C, Luthringer D, Kobal S, Miyamoto T, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Pseudomyxoma originating from the interatrial septum in a heart transplant patient. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2005 Jul; 18(7):e1. PMID: 16003277.
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    206. Kim YH, Czer LS, Soukiasian HJ, De Robertis M, Magliato KE, Blanche C, Raissi SS, Mirocha J, Siegel RJ, Kass RM, Trento A. Ischemic mitral regurgitation: revascularization alone versus revascularization and mitral valve repair. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Jun; 79(6):1895-901. PMID: 15919280.
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    207. Siegel RJ, Suchkova VN, Miyamoto T, Luo H, Baggs RB, Neuman Y, Horzewski M, Suorsa V, Kobal S, Thompson T, Echt D, Francis CW. Ultrasound energy improves myocardial perfusion in the presence of coronary occlusion. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Oct 06; 44(7):1454-8. PMID: 15464327.
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    208. Neuman Y, Cercek B, Aragon J, Lee S, Kobal S, Miyamoto T, Luo H, Tolstrup K, Naqvi TZ, Birnbaum Y, Siegel RJ. Comparison of frequency of left ventricular wall motion abnormalities in patients with a first acute myocardial infarction with versus without left ventricular hypertrophy. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Sep 15; 94(6):763-6. PMID: 15374782.
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    209. Kobal SL, Atar S, Siegel RJ. Hand-carried ultrasound improves the bedside cardiovascular examination. Chest. 2004 Sep; 126(3):693-701. PMID: 15364744.
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    210. Kobal SL, Lee SS, Willner R, Aguilar Vargas FE, Luo H, Watanabe C, Neuman Y, Miyamoto T, Siegel RJ. Hand-carried cardiac ultrasound enhances healthcare delivery in developing countries. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Aug 15; 94(4):539-41. PMID: 15325951.
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    211. Luo H, Chen M, Trento A, Miyamoto T, Kobal SL, Neuman Y, Naqvi TZ, Tolstrup K, Siegel RJ. Usefulness of a hand-carried cardiac ultrasound device for bedside examination of pericardial effusion in patients after cardiac surgery. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Aug 01; 94(3):406-7. PMID: 15276121.
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    212. Atar S, Feldman A, Darawshe A, Siegel RJ, Rosenfeld T. Utility and diagnostic accuracy of hand-carried ultrasound for emergency room evaluation of chest pain. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Aug 01; 94(3):408-9. PMID: 15276122.
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    213. Siegel RJ. Ultrasound augmentation of thrombolysis and tissue perfusion. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2004 May; 24(3):156-63. PMID: 15165285.
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    214. Kobal SL, Tolstrup K, Luo H, Neuman Y, Miyamoto T, Mirocha J, Naqvi TZ, Siegel RJ. Usefulness of a hand-carried cardiac ultrasound device to detect clinically significant valvular regurgitation in hospitalized patients. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Apr 15; 93(8):1069-72. PMID: 15081463.
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    215. Kobal SL, Czer LS, Czer PC, Feldsher Z, Hamilton R, Siegel RJ. Making an impossible mission possible. Chest. 2004 Jan; 125(1):293-6. PMID: 14718454.
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    216. Valderrábano M, Siegel RJ. The imaging spectrum of Apical Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Clin Cardiol. 2004 Jan; 27(1):49. PMID: 14743857.
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    217. Raisinghani A, Wei KS, Crouse L, Villanueva F, Feigenbaum H, Schiller NB, Weiss J, Naqvi TZ, Siegel R, Monaghan M, Goldman JH, Demaria A. Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) with triggered ultrasound does not cause premature ventricular complexes: evidence from PB127 MCE studies. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2003 Oct; 16(10):1037-42. PMID: 14566296.
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    218. Chen M, Luo H, Miyamoto T, Atar S, Kobal S, Rahban M, Brasch AV, Makkar R, Neuman Y, Naqvi TZ, Tolstrup K, Siegel RJ. Correlation of echo-Doppler aortic valve regurgitation index with angiographic aortic regurgitation severity. Am J Cardiol. 2003 Sep 01; 92(5):634-5. PMID: 12943896.
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    219. Mehran R, Aymong ED, Ashby DT, Fischell T, Whitworth H, Siegel R, Thomas W, Wong SC, Narasimaiah R, Lansky AJ, Leon MB. Safety of an aspirin-alone regimen after intracoronary stenting with a heparin-coated stent: final results of the HOPE (HEPACOAT and an Antithrombotic Regimen of Aspirin Alone) study. Circulation. 2003 Sep 02; 108(9):1078-83. PMID: 12925457.
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    220. Cohen MG, Tuero E, Bluguermann J, Kevorkian R, Berrocal DH, Carlevaro O, Picabea E, Hudson MP, Siegel RJ, Douthat L, Greenbaum AB, Echt D, Weaver WD, Grinfeld LR. Transcutaneous ultrasound-facilitated coronary thrombolysis during acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 2003 Aug 15; 92(4):454-7. PMID: 12914878.
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    221. Jeon DS, Luo H, Brasch AV, Nagai T, Miyamoto T, Mohsenifar Z, Siegel RJ. Superiority of 10% air-10% blood-saline mixture for measuring the velocity of tricuspid regurgitation in patients with severe emphysema. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2003 Aug; 16(8):867-70. PMID: 12878996.
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    222. Iwami T, Nishioka T, Fishbein MC, Luo H, Jeon DS, Miyamoto T, Wakeyama T, Iida H, Takaki A, Oda T, Mochizuki M, Ogawa H, Siegel RJ. Coronary arterial remodeling in differing clinical presentations of unstable angina pectoris--an intravascular ultrasound study. Clin Cardiol. 2003 Aug; 26(8):384-9. PMID: 12918641.
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    223. Atar S, Neuman Y, Miyamoto T, Chen M, Birnbaum Y, Luo H, Kobal S, Siegel RJ. Synergism of aspirin and heparin with a low-frequency non-invasive ultrasound system for augmentation of in-vitro clot lysis. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2003 Jun; 15(3):165-9. PMID: 14739625.
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    224. Wei K, Crouse L, Weiss J, Villanueva F, Schiller NB, Naqvi TZ, Siegel R, Monaghan M, Goldman J, Aggarwal P, Feigenbaum H, DeMaria A. Comparison of usefulness of dipyridamole stress myocardial contrast echocardiography to technetium-99m sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography for detection of coronary artery disease (PB127 Multicenter Phase 2 Trial results). Am J Cardiol. 2003 Jun 01; 91(11):1293-8. PMID: 12767419.
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    225. Miyamoto T, Neuman Y, Luo H, Jeon DS, Kobal S, Ikeno F, Horzewski M, Honda Y, Mirocha JM, Iwami T, Echt D, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Coronary vasodilation by noninvasive transcutaneous ultrasound: an in vivo canine study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 May 07; 41(9):1623-7. PMID: 12742306.
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    226. Jeon DS, Luo H, Fishbein MC, Miyamoto T, Horzewski M, Iwami T, Mirocha JM, Ikeno F, Honda Y, Siegel RJ. Noninvasive transcutaneous ultrasound augments thrombolysis in the left circumflex coronary artery--an in vivo canine study. Thromb Res. 2003 May 01; 110(2-3):149-58. PMID: 12893030.
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    227. Neuman Y, Luthringer DJ, Kobal S, Miyamoto T, Trento A, Siegel RJ. Multiple aortic valve papillary fibroelastoma: an unusual presentation of a rare tumor. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2003 May; 16(5):494-6. PMID: 12724661.
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    228. Adler Y, Dagan A, Golovchiner G, Iakobishvili Z, Matz I, Lev E, Siegel RJ, Birnbaum Y. Augmentation of low-frequency ultrasound-induced clot disruption by hydroxyethyl starch is dependent on the duration and intensity of ultrasound exposure; an in vitro study. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2003 Mar; 29(3):483-6. PMID: 12706200.
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    229. Atar S, Jeon DS, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Mitral annular calcification: a marker of severe coronary artery disease in patients under 65 years old. Heart. 2003 Feb; 89(2):161-4. PMID: 12527666.
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    230. Neuman Y, Rukshin V, Tsang V, Atar S, Miyamoto T, Luo H, Kobal S, Thompson T, Birnbaum Y, Horzewski M, Siegel RJ, Kaul S. Augmentation of in-stent clot dissolution by low frequency ultrasound combined with aspirin and heparin. An ex-vivo canine shunt study. Thromb Res. 2003; 112(1-2):99-104. PMID: 15013280.
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    231. Nishioka T, Mitani H, Uehata A, Hikita H, Nagai T, Katsushika S, Takase B, Isojima K, Ohsuzu F, Kurita A, Ohtomi S, Siegel RJ. Effect of infarcted myocardium on diagnostic accuracy of exercise echocardiography for detecting noninfarct-related coronary artery lesions. Am Heart J. 2003 Jan; 145(1):162-8. PMID: 12514669.
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    232. Neuman YM, Brasch AV, Kobal S, Khan SS, Mirocha JM, Naqvi TZ, Siegel RJ. Comparison of transthoracic and intraoperative transesophageal color flow Doppler assessment of mitral and aortic regurgitation. Cardiology. 2003; 99(3):145-52. PMID: 12824722.
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    233. Shlamovitz GZ, Iakobishvili Z, Matz I, Golovchiner G, Lev E, Siegel RJ, Birnbaum Y. In vitro ultrasound augmented clot dissolution--what is the optimal timing of ultrasound application? Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2002 Dec; 16(6):521-6. PMID: 12766386.
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    234. Jeon DS, Miyamoto T, Fontana G, Friedman A, Siegel RJ. Pulmonary artery compression by a saphenous vein graft aneurysm and contrast echocardiography using an agitated mixture of ten percent air, ten percent blood, and ten percent saline. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2002 Dec; 15(12):1529-32. PMID: 12464923.
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    235. Birnbaum Y, Fishbein MC, Blanche C, Siegel RJ. Ventricular septal rupture after acute myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med. 2002 Oct 31; 347(18):1426-32. PMID: 12409546.
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    236. Naqvi TZ, Nagai T, Atar S, Siegel RJ. Early appearance of echo-contrast simulating an intracardiac shunt in a patient with liver cirrhosis and intrapulmonary shunting. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2002 Apr; 15(4):379-81. PMID: 11944019.
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    237. Nishioka T, Mitani H, Uehata A, Takase B, Isojima K, Nagai T, Ohsuzu F, Kurita A, Ohtomi S, Siegel RJ. Utility and limitation of treadmill exercise echocardiography for detecting significant coronary stenosis in infarct-related arteries in patients with healed myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Jan 15; 89(2):159-63. PMID: 11792335.
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    238. Jeon DS, Luo H, Iwami T, Miyamoto T, Brasch AV, Mirocha J, Naqvi TZ, Siegel RJ. The usefulness of a 10% air-10% blood-80% saline mixture for contrast echocardiography: Doppler measurement of pulmonary artery systolic pressure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Jan 02; 39(1):124-9. PMID: 11755297.
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    239. Naqvi TZ, Neyman G, Broyde A, Mustafa J, Siegel RJ. Comparison of myocardial tissue Doppler with transmitral flow Doppler in left ventricular hypertrophy. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2001 Dec; 14(12):1153-60. PMID: 11734781.
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    240. Jeon DS, Atar S, Brasch AV, Luo H, Mirocha J, Naqvi TZ, Kraus R, Berman DS, Siegel RJ. Association of mitral annulus calcification, aortic valve sclerosis and aortic root calcification with abnormal myocardial perfusion single photon emission tomography in subjects age < or =65 years old. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Dec; 38(7):1988-93. PMID: 11738305.
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    241. Brasch AV, Mohsenifar Z, Jeon DS, Luo H, Mirocha JM, Khan SS, Siegel RJ. Aortic root dilatation in patients with emphysema. Am Heart J. 2001 Dec; 142(6):1024-7. PMID: 11717607.
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    242. Brasch AV, Luo H, Khan SS, Mirocha JM, DeRobertis M, Naqvi TZ, Jeon DS, Siegel RJ. Effect of harmonic imaging for planimetry on transthoracic echocardiography on visualization of the aortic valve. Am J Cardiol. 2001 Nov 01; 88(9):1047-9. PMID: 11704010.
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    243. Naqvi TZ, Neyman G, Broyde A, Siegel RJ. Myocardial Doppler tissue imaging: findings in inferior myocardial infarction and left ventricular hypertrophy--wall motion assessment. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2001 Sep; 14(9):867-73. PMID: 11547272.
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    244. Wyshelesky A, Iakobishvili Z, Matz I, Golovchiner G, Vaturi M, Siegel RJ, Birnbaum Y. There is synergism between high-intensity, low-frequency ultrasound and streptokinase but not with eptifibatide, heparin, and aspirin. Differential effects on fresh and aged blood clots. An in vitro study. Thromb Res. 2001 Aug 15; 103(4):337-44. PMID: 11562343.
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    245. Dhar SC, Birnbaum Y, Hayes S, Naqvi T, Cercek B, Blanche C, Friedman A, Trento A, Siegel RJ. Milrinone echocardiographic viability test: a pilot study. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2001 Jul; 14(7):668-75. PMID: 11447411.
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    246. Atar S, Luo H, Nagai T, Sahm RA, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Arterial thrombus dissolution in vivo using a transducer-tipped, high-frequency ultrasound catheter and local low-dose urokinase delivery. J Endovasc Ther. 2001 Jun; 8(3):282-90. PMID: 11491263.
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    247. Birnbaum Y, Luo H, Atar S, Fishbein MC, Brasch AV, Nagai T, Pal D, Nishioka T, Chae JS, Zanelli C, Peterson TM, Siegel RJ. Noninvasive transthoracic low frequency ultrasound augments thrombolysis in a canine model of acute myocardial infarction--evaluation of the extent of ST-segment resolution. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2001 May; 11(3):229-34. PMID: 11577262.
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    248. Atar S, Luo H, Birnbaum Y, Nagai T, Siegel RJ. Augmentation of in-vitro clot dissolution by low frequency high-intensity ultrasound combined with antiplatelet and antithrombotic drugs. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2001 May; 11(3):223-8. PMID: 11577261.
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    250. Chiu J, Atar S, Siegel RJ. Comparison of serous and bloody pericardial effusion as an ominous prognostic sign. Am J Cardiol. 2001 Apr 01; 87(7):924-6. PMID: 11274957.
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    251. Gunn J, Cumberland DC, Siegel RJ. Ultrasound as treatment for coronary artery disease. Echocardiography. 2001 Apr; 18(3):213-7. PMID: 11322903.
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    253. Mintz GS, Nissen SE, Anderson WD, Bailey SR, Erbel R, Fitzgerald PJ, Pinto FJ, Rosenfield K, Siegel RJ, Tuzcu EM, Yock PG. American College of Cardiology Clinical Expert Consensus Document on Standards for Acquisition, Measurement and Reporting of Intravascular Ultrasound Studies (IVUS). A report of the American College of Cardiology Task Force on Clinical Expert Consensus Documents. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Apr; 37(5):1478-92. PMID: 11300468.
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    254. Atar S, Luo H, Birnbaum Y, Hansmann D, Siegel RJ. The use of transducer-tipped ultrasound catheter for recanalization of thrombotic arterial occlusions. Echocardiography. 2001 Apr; 18(3):233-7. PMID: 11322906.
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    255. Adler Y, Attar D, Vaturi M, Golovchiner G, Iakobishvili Z, Battler A, Siegel RJ, Birnbaum Y. The effects of streptokinase and hydroxyethyl starch on in vitro clot disruption by ultrasound. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2001 Mar; 15(2):119-23. PMID: 11669404.
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    256. Nishioka T, Nagai T, Luo H, Kitamura K, Hakamata N, Akanuma M, Katsushika S, Uehata A, Takase B, Isojima K, Ohtomi S, Siegel RJ. Coronary remodeling of proximal and distal stenotic atherosclerotic plaques within the same artery by intravascular ultrasound study. Am J Cardiol. 2001 Feb 15; 87(4):387-91. PMID: 11179519.
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    257. Brasch AV, Atar S, Siegel RJ. Clinical picture: thrombus in the left atrial appendage. Lancet. 2001 Jan 27; 357(9252):266. PMID: 11214129.
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    258. Siegel R, Gartenhaus R, Kuzel T. HTLV-I associated leukemia/lymphoma: epidemiology, biology, and treatment. Cancer Treat Res. 2001; 104:75-88. PMID: 11191136.
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    259. Berglund H, Kim CJ, Nishioka T, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Influence of ejection fraction and valvular regurgitation on the accuracy of aortic valve area determination. Echocardiography. 2001 Jan; 18(1):65-72. PMID: 11182785.
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    260. Atar S, Nagai T, Cercek B, Naqvi TZ, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Pacing stress echocardiography: an alternative to pharmacologic stress testing. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Nov 15; 36(6):1935-41. PMID: 11092667.
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    261. Birnbaum Y, Wagner GS, Gates KB, Thompson TD, Barbash GI, Siegel RJ, Granger CB, Fishbein MC, Crenshaw BS, Califf RM. Clinical and electrocardiographic variables associated with increased risk of ventricular septal defect in acute anterior myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Oct 15; 86(8):830-4. PMID: 11024396.
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    262. Brasch AV, Khan SS, Siegel RJ. The poor man cooks with water. Lancet. 2000 Sep 02; 356(9232):856-7. PMID: 11022956.
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    263. Atar S, Cercek B, Nagai T, Luo H, Lewin HC, Naqvi TZ, Siegel RJ. Transthoracic stress echocardiography with transesophageal atrial pacing for bedside evaluation of inducible myocardial ischemia in patients with new-onset chest pain. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Jul 01; 86(1):12-6. PMID: 10867085.
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    264. Birnbaum Y, Iakobishvili Z, Porter A, Hasdai D, Atar S, Siegel RJ, Battler A. Microparticle-containing oncotic solutions augment in-vitro clot disruption by ultrasound. Thromb Res. 2000 Jun 15; 98(6):549-57. PMID: 10899354.
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    265. Brasch AV, Khan SS, DeRobertis MA, Kong JH, Chiu J, Siegel RJ. Change in mitral regurgitation severity after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. Am J Cardiol. 2000 May 15; 85(10):1271-4. PMID: 10802019.
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    266. Siegel RJ, Atar S, Fishbein MC, Brasch AV, Peterson TM, Nagai T, Pal D, Nishioka T, Chae JS, Birnbaum Y, Zanelli C, Luo H. Noninvasive, transthoracic, low-frequency ultrasound augments thrombolysis in a canine model of acute myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2000 May 02; 101(17):2026-9. PMID: 10790341.
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    267. Bowman AR, Siegel RJ, Blanche C, Petrovic LM, Dhar S, Miller BJ, Kaul S. Metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma to the heart diagnosed antemortem. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2000 May; 13(5):415-6. PMID: 10804441.
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    268. Kangavari S, Collins J, Cercek B, Atar S, Siegel R. Tricuspid valve group B streptococcal endocarditis after an elective termination of pregnancy. Clin Cardiol. 2000 Apr; 23(4):301-3. PMID: 10763083.
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    269. Naqvi TZ, Goel RK, Forrester JS, Davidson RM, Siegel RJ. Usefulness of left ventricular mass in predicting recovery of left ventricular systolic function in patients with symptomatic idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Mar 01; 85(5):624-9. PMID: 11078278.
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    270. Khan SS, Siegel RJ, DeRobertis MA, Blanche CE, Kass RM, Cheng W, Fontana GP, Trento A. Regression of hypertrophy after Carpentier-Edwards pericardial aortic valve replacement. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Feb; 69(2):531-5. PMID: 10735693.
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    271. Naqvi TZ, Siegel RJ, Buchbinder NA, Miroshnik S, Saedi G, Trento A, Fishbein MC. Echocardiographic and pathologic features of explanted Hancock and Carpentier-Edwards bioprosthetic valves in the mitral position. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Dec 15; 84(12):1422-7. PMID: 10606116.
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    272. Birnbaum Y, Atar S, Luo H, Nagai T, Siegel RJ. Ultrasound has synergistic effects in vitro with tirofiban and heparin for thrombus dissolution. Thromb Res. 1999 Dec 15; 96(6):451-8. PMID: 10632468.
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    273. Atar S, Chiu J, Forrester JS, Siegel RJ. Bloody pericardial effusion in patients with cardiac tamponade: is the cause cancerous, tuberculous, or iatrogenic in the 1990s? Chest. 1999 Dec; 116(6):1564-9. PMID: 10593777.
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    274. Naqvi TZ, Goel RK, Forrester JS, Siegel RJ. Myocardial contractile reserve on dobutamine echocardiography predicts late spontaneous improvement in cardiac function in patients with recent onset idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Nov 01; 34(5):1537-44. PMID: 10551704.
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    275. Naqvi TZ, Siegel RJ. Aortic Stenosis: The Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography. Echocardiography. 1999 Oct; 16(7, Pt 1):677-688. PMID: 11175210.
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    276. Brasch AV, Raissi SS, Hackner EL, Khan SS, Nagai T, Siegel RJ. Transesophageal echocardiographic identification of an abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm complemented by a transpulmonary echo contrast agent. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Jul 15; 84(2):240-1, A9. PMID: 10426351.
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    277. Nishioka T, Amanullah AM, Luo H, Berglund H, Kim CJ, Nagai T, Hakamata N, Katsushika S, Uehata A, Takase B, Isojima K, Berman DS, Siegel RJ. Clinical validation of intravascular ultrasound imaging for assessment of coronary stenosis severity: comparison with stress myocardial perfusion imaging. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Jun; 33(7):1870-8. PMID: 10362187.
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    278. Atar S, Luo H, Nagai T, Siegel RJ. Ultrasonic thrombolysis: catheter-delivered and transcutaneous applications. Eur J Ultrasound. 1999 Mar; 9(1):39-54. PMID: 10099165.
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    279. Fan S, Nagai T, Luo H, Atar S, Naqvi T, Birnbaum Y, Lee S, Siegel RJ. Superiority of the combination of blood and agitated saline for routine contrast enhancement. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1999 Feb; 12(2):94-8. PMID: 9950967.
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    280. Birnbaum Y, Wagner GS, Barbash GI, Gates K, Criger DA, Sclarovsky S, Siegel RJ, Granger CB, Reiner JS, Ross AM. Correlation of angiographic findings and right (V1 to V3) versus left (V4 to V6) precordial ST-segment depression in inferior wall acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Jan 15; 83(2):143-8. PMID: 10073811.
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    281. Mann-Rouillard V, Fishbein MC, Naqvi TZ, DonMichael TA, Siegel RJ. Frequency of echocardiographic improvement in left ventricular cavity size and contractility in idiopathic-dilated cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Jan 01; 83(1):131-3, A9-10. PMID: 10073803.
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    282. Atar S, Nagai T, Birnbaum Y, Harold JG, Luo H, Naqvi TZ, Siegel RJ. Transesophageal echocardiographic Doppler findings in patients with penetrating aortic ulcers. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Jan 01; 83(1):133-5, A10. PMID: 10073804.
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    283. Nagai T, Luo H, Atar S, Lepor NE, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Intravascular ultrasound imaging of ruptured atherosclerotic plaques in coronary arteries. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Jan 01; 83(1):135-7, A10. PMID: 10073805.
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    284. Frimerman A, Miller HI, Siegel RJ, Rosenschein U, Roth A, Keren G. Intravascular ultrasound imaging of myocardial-infarction-related arteries after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty reveals significant plaque burden and compensatory enlargement. Int J Cardiovasc Intervent. 1999; 2(2):101-107. PMID: 12623596.
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    285. Baumgartner H, Porenta G, Lau YK, Wutte M, Klaar U, Mehrabi M, Siegel RJ, Czernin J, Laufer G, Sochor H, Schelbert H, Fishbein MC, Maurer G. Assessment of myocardial viability by dobutamine echocardiography, positron emission tomography and thallium-201 SPECT: correlation with histopathology in explanted hearts. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Nov 15; 32(6):1701-8. PMID: 9822099.
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    286. Naqvi TZ, Siegel RJ, Buchbinder NA, Fishbein MC. Clinical, echocardiographic, and pathologic features of aortic wall dehiscence of porcine bioprosthetic valves: a cause of rapidly progressive mitral regurgitation and heart failure after bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1998 Jul; 11(7):720-8. PMID: 9692529.
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    287. Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Coronary artery plaque dimension and rupture. Cardiologia. 1998 Jul; 43(7):693-700. PMID: 9738326.
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    288. Tan RT, Kuzo R, Goodman LR, Siegel R, Haasler GB, Presberg KW. Utility of CT scan evaluation for predicting pulmonary hypertension in patients with parenchymal lung disease. Medical College of Wisconsin Lung Transplant Group. Chest. 1998 May; 113(5):1250-6. PMID: 9596302.
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    289. Nishioka T, Berglund H, Luo H, Nagai T, Siegel RJ. How should we define inadequate coronary arterial remodeling? Circulation. 1998 Apr 14; 97(14):1424-5. PMID: 9577957.
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    290. Luo H, Birnbaum Y, Fishbein MC, Peterson TM, Nagai T, Nishioka T, Siegel RJ. Enhancement of thrombolysis in vivo without skin and soft tissue damage by transcutaneous ultrasound. Thromb Res. 1998 Feb 15; 89(4):171-7. PMID: 9651144.
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    291. Chyu KY, Birnbaum Y, Naqvi T, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Echocardiographic detection of Kaposi's sarcoma causing cardiac tamponade in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clin Cardiol. 1998 Feb; 21(2):131-3. PMID: 9491957.
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    292. Birnbaum Y, Luo H, Nagai T, Fishbein MC, Peterson TM, Li S, Kricsfeld D, Porter TR, Siegel RJ. Noninvasive in vivo clot dissolution without a thrombolytic drug: recanalization of thrombosed iliofemoral arteries by transcutaneous ultrasound combined with intravenous infusion of microbubbles. Circulation. 1998 Jan 20; 97(2):130-4. PMID: 9445162.
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    293. Birnbaum Y, Chaux A, Luo H, Nagai T, Naqvi T, Siegel RJ. Visualization of stents in the left anterior descending coronary artery by transthoracic echocardiography in pigs and humans. Am J Cardiol. 1998 Jan 15; 81(2):229-31. PMID: 9591909.
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    294. Lee JJ, Kupfer J, Raissi S, Geller SA, Siegel RJ. Rapid extension of left adrenocortical carcinoma into the right atrium. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1998 Jan; 11(1):86-8. PMID: 9487478.
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    295. Birnbaum Y, Fishbein MC, Luo H, Nishioka T, Siegel RJ. Regional remodeling of atherosclerotic arteries: a major determinant of clinical manifestations of disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1997 Nov 01; 30(5):1149-64. PMID: 9350908.
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    296. Birnbaum Y, Fishbein MC, Luo H, Naqvi T, Siegel RJ. Intramyocardial periprosthetic aortic valve aneurysm. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Oct 01; 80(7):972. PMID: 9382024.
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    297. Berglund H, Luo H, Nishioka T, Fishbein MC, Eigler NL, Tabak SW, Siegel RJ. Highly localized arterial remodeling in patients with coronary atherosclerosis: an intravascular ultrasound study. Circulation. 1997 Sep 02; 96(5):1470-6. PMID: 9315533.
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    298. Birnbaum Y, Fishbein MC, Kass R, Samuels B, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Dissection of the ascending aorta induced by coronary angiography. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Aug 15; 80(4):537. PMID: 9285679.
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    299. Nishioka T, Luo H, Fishbein MC, Cercek B, Forrester JS, Kim CJ, Berglund H, Siegel RJ. Dissolution of thrombotic arterial occlusion by high intensity, low frequency ultrasound and dodecafluoropentane emulsion: an in vitro and in vivo study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1997 Aug; 30(2):561-8. PMID: 9247533.
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    300. Hamm CW, Steffen W, Terres W, de Scheerder I, Reimers J, Cumberland D, Siegel RJ, Meinertz T. Intravascular therapeutic ultrasound thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarctions. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Jul 15; 80(2):200-4. PMID: 9230160.
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    301. Luo H, Fishbein MC, Berglund H, Nishioka T, Kim CJ, Siegel RJ. Comparison of intravascular ultrasound measurements at the sites of balloon dilatations of femoral arteries with measurements of postmortem gross arterial segments at the same sites. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Jun 01; 79(11):1564-7. PMID: 9185660.
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    302. Birnbaum Y, Luo H, Fishbein MC, Samuels B, Siegel RJ. Documentation by intravascular ultrasound of thrombus overlying a small atheromatous plaque in a coronary artery in unstable angina pectoris and in acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Jun 01; 79(11):1568-70. PMID: 9185661.
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    303. Haouzi A, Berglund H, Pelikan PC, Maurer G, Siegel RJ. Heterogeneous aortic response to acute beta-adrenergic blockade in Marfan syndrome. Am Heart J. 1997 Jan; 133(1):60-3. PMID: 9006291.
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    304. Berglund H, Luo H, Nishioka T, Eigler NL, Kim CJ, Tabak SW, Siegel RJ. Preserved vasodilatory response to nitroglycerin in saphenous vein bypass grafts. Circulation. 1996 Dec 01; 94(11):2871-6. PMID: 8941115.
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    305. Kim CJ, Berglund H, Nishioka T, Luo H, Siegel RJ. Correspondence of aortic valve area determination from transesophageal echocardiography, transthoracic echocardiography, and cardiac catheterization. Am Heart J. 1996 Dec; 132(6):1163-72. PMID: 8969567.
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    306. Nishioka T, Fontana G, Luo H, Berglund H, Kim CJ, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Intracardiac thrombus formation associated with a nonpenetrating gunshot wound of the right ventricular outflow tract demonstrated by transesophageal echocardiography. Am Heart J. 1996 Dec; 132(6):1265-7. PMID: 8969579.
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    307. Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. How big are coronary atherosclerotic plaques that rupture? Circulation. 1996 Nov 15; 94(10):2662-6. PMID: 8921814.
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    308. Luo H, Nishioka T, Eigler NL, Forrester JS, Fishbein MC, Berglund H, Siegel RJ. Coronary artery restenosis after balloon angioplasty in humans is associated with circumferential coronary constriction. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1996 Nov; 16(11):1393-8. PMID: 8911279.
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    309. Luo H, Nishioka T, Fishbein MC, Cercek B, Forrester JS, Kim CJ, Berglund H, Siegel RJ. Transcutaneous ultrasound augments lysis of arterial thrombi in vivo. Circulation. 1996 Aug 15; 94(4):775-8. PMID: 8772701.
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    310. Nishioka T, Luo H, Eigler NL, Berglund H, Kim CJ, Siegel RJ. Contribution of inadequate compensatory enlargement to development of human coronary artery stenosis: an in vivo intravascular ultrasound study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996 Jun; 27(7):1571-6. PMID: 8636538.
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    311. Berglund H, Nishioka T, Hackner E, Kim CJ, Luo H, Fontana G, Siegel RJ. Ventricular pacing: a cause of reversible severe mitral regurgitation. Am Heart J. 1996 May; 131(5):1035-7. PMID: 8615292.
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    312. Nishioka T, Luo H, Berglund H, Eigler NL, Kim CJ, Tabak SW, Siegel RJ. Absence of focal compensatory enlargement or constriction in diseased human coronary saphenous vein bypass grafts. An intravascular ultrasound study. Circulation. 1996 Feb 15; 93(4):683-90. PMID: 8640996.
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    313. Nishioka T, Friedman A, Cercek B, Chaux A, Luo H, Berglund H, Kim CJ, Blanche C, Siegel RJ. Usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography for positioning the intraaortic balloon pump in the operating room. Am J Cardiol. 1996 Jan 01; 77(1):105-6. PMID: 8540446.
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    314. Kiat H, Ansari A, Berman DS, Friedman J, Siegel R. Abnormal myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography and normal coronary arteriogram: the role of intracoronary vascular ultrasound in providing diagnostic confirmation. Am Heart J. 1995 Jul; 130(1):182-6. PMID: 7611113.
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    315. Freimark D, Czer LS, Aleksic I, Barthold C, Admon D, Trento A, Blanche C, Valenza M, Siegel RJ. Improved left atrial transport and function with orthotopic heart transplantation by bicaval and pulmonary venous anastomoses. Am Heart J. 1995 Jul; 130(1):121-6. PMID: 7611101.
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    316. Lee DY, Eigler N, Luo H, Nishioka T, Tabak SW, Forrester JS, Siegel RJ. Effect of intracoronary ultrasound imaging on clinical decision making. Am Heart J. 1995 Jun; 129(6):1084-93. PMID: 7754937.
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    317. Naik MM, Diamond GA, Pai T, Soffer A, Siegel RJ. Correspondence of left ventricular ejection fraction determinations from two-dimensional echocardiography, radionuclide angiography and contrast cineangiography. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Mar 15; 25(4):937-42. PMID: 7884101.
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    318. Nishioka T, Luo H, Eigler NL, Tabak SW, Lepor N, Forrester JS, Siegel RJ. The evolving utility of intracoronary ultrasound. Am J Cardiol. 1995 Mar 01; 75(7):539-41. PMID: 7864011.
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    319. Steffen W, Fishbein MC, Luo H, Lee DY, Nita H, Cumberland DC, Tabak SW, Carbonne M, Maurer G, Siegel RJ. High intensity, low frequency catheter-delivered ultrasound dissolution of occlusive coronary artery thrombi: an in vitro and in vivo study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Nov 15; 24(6):1571-9. PMID: 7930293.
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    320. Lee DY, Eigler N, Luo H, Lau YK, Siegel RJ. Intravascular ultrasound evaluation of interventional techniques in a calcified ostial right coronary artery. Am Heart J. 1994 Jul; 128(1):175-8. PMID: 8017271.
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    321. Lee DY, Eigler N, Luo H, Litvack F, Lambert T, Steffen W, Siegel RJ. Intracoronary ultrasound assessment of coronary artery disease in a patient with coronary vasospasm. Am Heart J. 1994 May; 127(5):1402-4. PMID: 8172071.
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    322. Siegel RJ, Gunn J, Ahsan A, Fishbein MC, Bowes RJ, Oakley D, Wales C, Steffen W, Campbell S, Nita H. Use of therapeutic ultrasound in percutaneous coronary angioplasty. Experimental in vitro studies and initial clinical experience. Circulation. 1994 Apr; 89(4):1587-92. PMID: 8149525.
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    323. Hamm CW, Reimers J, Köster R, Terres W, Stiel GM, Koschyk DH, Kuck KH, Siegel RJ. Coronary ultrasound thrombolysis in a patient with acute myocardial infarction. Lancet. 1994 Mar 05; 343(8897):605-6. PMID: 7906363.
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    324. Steffen W, Cumberland D, Gaines P, Luo H, Nita H, Maurer G, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Catheter-delivered high intensity, low frequency ultrasound induces vasodilation in vivo. Eur Heart J. 1994 Mar; 15(3):369-76. PMID: 8013511.
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    325. Lee DY, Eigler N, Fishbein MC, Bhambi B, Maurer G, Siegel RJ. Identification of intracoronary thrombus and demonstration of thrombectomy by intravascular ultrasound imaging. Am J Cardiol. 1994 Mar 01; 73(7):522-3. PMID: 8141099.
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    326. Siegel RJ, Koponen M. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection causing sudden death. Mechanical arterial failure or primary vasculitis? Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1994 Feb; 118(2):196-8. PMID: 8311666.
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    327. Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ, Thompson CE, Hopkins LC. Sudden death of a carrier of X-linked Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Nov 01; 119(9):900-5. PMID: 8215002.
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    328. Criley JM, Siegel RJ. Subaortic stenosis revisited: the importance of the dynamic pressure gradient. Medicine (Baltimore). 1993 Nov; 72(6):412-36. PMID: 8231790.
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    329. Siegel RJ, Chae JS, Maurer G, Berlin M, Fishbein MC. Histopathologic correlation of the three-layered intravascular ultrasound appearance of normal adult human muscular arteries. Am Heart J. 1993 Oct; 126(4):872-8. PMID: 8213444.
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    330. Siegel RJ, Gaines P, Crew JR, Cumberland DC. Clinical trial of percutaneous peripheral ultrasound angioplasty. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Aug; 22(2):480-8. PMID: 8335818.
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    331. Ross DJ, Vassolo M, Kass R, Koerner SK, Siegel R, Nathan S, Waters P, Maurer G. Transesophageal echocardiographic assessment of pulmonary venous flow after single lung transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1993 Jul-Aug; 12(4):689-94. PMID: 8369331.
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    332. Salka S, Siegel R, Sagar KB. Transvenous biopsy of intracardiac tumor under transesophageal echocardiographic guidance. Am Heart J. 1993 Jun; 125(6):1782-4. PMID: 8498328.
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    333. Luo H, Steffen W, Cercek B, Arunasalam S, Maurer G, Siegel RJ. Enhancement of thrombolysis by external ultrasound. Am Heart J. 1993 Jun; 125(6):1564-9. PMID: 8498294.
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    334. Arunasalam S, Siegel RJ. Rapid resolution of symptomatic acute pericarditis with ketorolac tromethamine: a parenteral nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agent. Am Heart J. 1993 May; 125(5 Pt 1):1455-8. PMID: 8480612.
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    335. Weingarten SR, Riedinger MS, Shinbane J, Siegel R, Conner L, Prechtl K, Ellrodt AG. Triage practice guideline for patients hospitalized with congestive heart failure: improving the effectiveness of the coronary care unit. Am J Med. 1993 May; 94(5):483-490. PMID: 8498393.
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    336. Siegel RJ. Contemporary upper lid blepharoplasty--tissue invagination. Clin Plast Surg. 1993 Apr; 20(2):239-44; discussion 245. PMID: 8485932.
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    337. Steffen W, Siegel RJ. Ultrasound angioplasty--a review. J Interv Cardiol. 1993 Mar; 6(1):77-88. PMID: 10150989.
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    338. Park JC, Siegel RJ, Demer LL. Effect of calcification and formalin fixation on in vitro distensibility of human femoral arteries. Am Heart J. 1993 Feb; 125(2 Pt 1):344-9. PMID: 8427126.
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    339. Kern MJ, Aguirre F, Bach R, Donohue T, Siegel R, Segal J. Augmentation of coronary blood flow by intra-aortic balloon pumping in patients after coronary angioplasty. Circulation. 1993 Feb; 87(2):500-11. PMID: 8425297.
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    340. Brown WM, Jay JL, Gott JP, Huang AH, Horsley WS, Dorsey LM, Katzmark S, Siegel RJ, Guyton RA. Warm blood cardioplegia: superior protection after acute myocardial ischemia. Ann Thorac Surg. 1993 Jan; 55(1):32-41; discussion 41-2. PMID: 8417708.
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    341. Chae JS, Brisken AF, Maurer G, Siegel RJ. Geometric accuracy of intravascular ultrasound imaging. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1992 Nov-Dec; 5(6):577-87. PMID: 1466882.
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    342. Coy KM, Park JC, Fishbein MC, Laas T, Diamond GA, Adler L, Maurer G, Siegel RJ. In vitro validation of three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound for the evaluation of arterial injury after balloon angioplasty. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Sep; 20(3):692-700. PMID: 1512350.
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    343. Siegel RJ, Gaines P, Procter A, Fischell TA, Cumberland DC. Clinical demonstration that catheter-delivered ultrasound energy reverses arterial vasoconstriction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Sep; 20(3):732-5. PMID: 1512356.
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    344. Segal J, Kern MJ, Scott NA, King SB, Doucette JW, Heuser RR, Ofili E, Siegel R. Alterations of phasic coronary artery flow velocity in humans during percutaneous coronary angioplasty. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Aug; 20(2):276-86. PMID: 1386088.
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    345. Siegel RJ, Cumberland DC, Crew JR. Ultrasound recanalization of diseased arteries. From experimental studies to clinical application. Surg Clin North Am. 1992 Aug; 72(4):879-97. PMID: 1386689.
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    346. Coy KM, Maurer G, Goodman D, Siegel RJ. Transesophageal echocardiographic detection of aortic atheromatosis may provide clues to occult renal dysfunction in the elderly. Am Heart J. 1992 Jun; 123(6):1684-6. PMID: 1595548.
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    347. McManus RP, O'Hair DP, Schweiger J, Beitzinger J, Siegel R. Cyclosporine-associated central neurotoxicity after heart transplantation. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Feb; 53(2):326-7. PMID: 1731677.
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    348. Gucalp R, Ritch P, Wiernik PH, Sarma PR, Keller A, Richman SP, Tauer K, Neidhart J, Mallette LE, Siegel R. Comparative study of pamidronate disodium and etidronate disodium in the treatment of cancer-related hypercalcemia. J Clin Oncol. 1992 Jan; 10(1):134-42. PMID: 1727915.
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    349. Coy KM, Maurer G, Siegel RJ. Intravascular ultrasound imaging: a current perspective. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1991 Dec; 18(7):1811-23. PMID: 1960334.
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    350. Demer LL, Ariani M, Siegel RJ. High intensity ultrasound increases distensibility of calcific atherosclerotic arteries. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1991 Nov 01; 18(5):1259-62. PMID: 1833429.
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    351. Ariani M, Fishbein MC, Chae JS, Sadeghi H, Michael AD, Dubin SB, Siegel RJ. Dissolution of peripheral arterial thrombi by ultrasound. Circulation. 1991 Oct; 84(4):1680-8. PMID: 1914107.
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    352. Fischell TA, Abbas MA, Grant GW, Siegel RJ. Ultrasonic energy. Effects on vascular function and integrity. Circulation. 1991 Oct; 84(4):1783-95. PMID: 1914114.
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    353. Rodgers GP, Minor ST, Robinson K, Cromeens D, Stephens LC, Woolbert SC, Guyton JR, Wright K, Siegel R, Roubin GS. The coronary artery response to implantation of a balloon-expandable flexible stent in the aspirin- and non-aspirin-treated swine model. Am Heart J. 1991 Sep; 122(3 Pt 1):640-7. PMID: 1877440.
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    354. Maurer G, Siegel RJ, Czer LS. The use of color flow mapping for intraoperative assessment of valve repair. Circulation. 1991 Sep; 84(3 Suppl):I250-8. PMID: 1884493.
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    355. Kaul S, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Cardiac manifestations of acquired immune deficiency syndrome: a 1991 update. Am Heart J. 1991 Aug; 122(2):535-44. PMID: 1858638.
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    356. Coy KM, Park JC, Sheffer A, Smith A, Ariani M, Chae JS, Siegel RJ. Spontaneous echo contrast effect as an indicator of flow-limiting coronary stenosis. Am J Cardiol. 1991 Jul 15; 68(2):276-7. PMID: 2063799.
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    357. Siegel RJ, Ariani M, Fishbein MC, Chae JS, Park JC, Maurer G, Forrester JS. Histopathologic validation of angioscopy and intravascular ultrasound. Circulation. 1991 Jul; 84(1):109-17. PMID: 2060087.
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    358. Siegel RJ, Cumberland DC, Crew JR, DonMichael A, Myler RK, Ariani M, Pflueger R, Fishbein MC. Ultrasound angioplasty. J Invasive Cardiol. 1991 May-Jun; 3(3):135-43. PMID: 10149996.
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    359. Stone GW, Griffin B, Shah PK, Berman DS, Siegel RJ, Cook SL, Maurer G. Prevalence of unsuspected mitral regurgitation and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease and acute pulmonary edema associated with normal or depressed left ventricular systolic function. Am J Cardiol. 1991 Jan 01; 67(1):37-41. PMID: 1986501.
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    360. Siegel RJ, Chae JS, Forrester JS, Ruiz CE. Angiography, angioscopy, and ultrasound imaging before and after percutaneous balloon angioplasty. Am Heart J. 1990 Nov; 120(5):1086-90. PMID: 2146864.
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    361. Eyer S, Brummitt C, Crossley K, Siegel R, Cerra F. Catheter-related sepsis: prospective, randomized study of three methods of long-term catheter maintenance. Crit Care Med. 1990 Oct; 18(10):1073-9. PMID: 2209033.
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    362. Siegel RJ, Cumberland DC, Myler RK, Belli A, DonMichael TA. Percutaneous peripheral ultrasonic angioplasty. Herz. 1990 Oct; 15(5):329-34. PMID: 2146204.
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    363. Coll GE, Shah PK, Siegel RJ. Cinefluoroscopy of the aortic valve: an accurate noninvasive method for assessing critical aortic stenosis in the elderly. J Invasive Cardiol. 1990 Sep-Oct; 2(5):193-8. PMID: 10148907.
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    364. Hong AS, Chae JS, Dubin SB, Lee S, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Ultrasonic clot disruption: an in vitro study. Am Heart J. 1990 Aug; 120(2):418-22. PMID: 2382618.
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    365. Siegel RJ, Fishbein MC, Chae J, Helfant RH, Hickey A, Forrester JS. Comparative studies of angioscopy and ultrasound for the evaluation of arterial disease. Echocardiography. 1990 Jul; 7(4):495-502. PMID: 10149210.
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    366. Siegel RJ, Bessen M, Chae J, Potkin B, Coll G, Fishbein MC, Helfant RH. Intravascular ultrasound cross-sectional arterial imaging. Echocardiography. 1990 May; 7(3):181-92. PMID: 10171129.
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    367. Liu MW, Roubin GS, Robinson KA, Black AJ, Hearn JA, Siegel RJ, King SB. Trapidil in preventing restenosis after balloon angioplasty in the atherosclerotic rabbit. Circulation. 1990 Mar; 81(3):1089-93. PMID: 2137730.
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    368. Siegel RJ, DonMichael TA, Fishbein MC, Bookstein J, Adler L, Reinsvold T, DeCastro E, Forrester JS. In vivo ultrasound arterial recanalization of atherosclerotic total occlusions. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1990 Feb; 15(2):345-51. PMID: 2299075.
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    369. Siegel RJ, Cumberland DC, Myler RK, DonMichael TA. Percutaneous ultrasonic angioplasty:initial clinical experience. Lancet. 1989 Sep 30; 2(8666):772-4. PMID: 2571012.
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    370. Siegel R, Davey TB, Kaufman B, Goodenough SH. The full-orifice concept in prosthetic heart valves. Ann Thorac Surg. 1989 Sep; 48(3 Suppl):S8-9. PMID: 2673111.
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    371. Siegel RJ, Fishbein MC, Said JW, Fealy M, Chai A, Rubin SA, Melmed S. Identification of growth hormone at the myocardial cell surface. Am J Cardiovasc Pathol. 1989; 2(4):345-50. PMID: 2675936.
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    372. Siegel RJ, Fishbein MC, Forrester J, Moore K, DeCastro E, Daykhovsky L, DonMichael TA. Ultrasonic plaque ablation. A new method for recanalization of partially or totally occluded arteries. Circulation. 1988 Dec; 78(6):1443-8. PMID: 3191597.
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    373. Robinson KA, Roubin GS, Siegel RJ, Black AJ, Apkarian RP, King SB. Intra-arterial stenting in the atherosclerotic rabbit. Circulation. 1988 Sep; 78(3):646-53. PMID: 2970340.
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    374. Doherty NE, Feldman G, Maurer G, Siegel RJ. Echocardiographic findings in systemic lupus erythematosus. Am J Cardiol. 1988 May 01; 61(13):1144. PMID: 3364374.
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    375. Harold JG, Siegel RJ, FitzGerald GA, Satoh P, Fishbein MC. Differential prostacyclin production by human umbilical vasculature. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1988 Jan; 112(1):43-6. PMID: 3276285.
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    376. Roberts WC, Siegel RJ, McManus BM. Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy: analysis of 152 necropsy patients. Am J Cardiol. 1987 Dec 01; 60(16):1340-55. PMID: 3687784.
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    377. Siegel R, Tresch DD, Keelan MH, Brooks HL. Effects of anticoagulation on recurrent systemic emboli in mitral stenosis. Am J Cardiol. 1987 Nov 15; 60(14):1191-2. PMID: 3687755.
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    378. Roubin GS, Robinson KA, King SB, Gianturco C, Black AJ, Brown JE, Siegel RJ, Douglas JS. Early and late results of intracoronary arterial stenting after coronary angioplasty in dogs. Circulation. 1987 Oct; 76(4):891-7. PMID: 2958175.
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    379. Carter RS, Siegel RJ, Chai AU, Fishbein MC. Immunohistochemical localization of apolipoproteins A-I and B in human carotid arteries. J Pathol. 1987 Sep; 153(1):31-6. PMID: 3117995.
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    380. Siegel RJ, Fishbein MC. Detection of endocardial calcium in endomyocardial fibrosis by computed tomography. Am J Cardiol. 1987 Aug 01; 60(4):420. PMID: 3618513.
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    381. Siegel RJ, Fealy M, Edwalds G, Karagueuzian H, Fishbein MC. Immunohistochemical localization of procainamide in normal, ischemic, and necrotic canine myocardium during acute experimental myocardial infarction. Am Heart J. 1987 Jun; 113(6):1383-9. PMID: 3591607.
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    382. Siegel RJ, Villa LC, Fishbein MC. Immunohistochemical localization of 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha and prostaglandin E2 in the human umbilical cord before and after labor. Lab Invest. 1987 May; 56(5):550-3. PMID: 3553739.
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    383. Lopez JA, Ross RS, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis: a review. Am Heart J. 1987 Mar; 113(3):773-84. PMID: 3548296.
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    384. Lopez JA, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Echocardiographic features of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis. Am J Cardiol. 1987 Feb 15; 59(5):478-80. PMID: 3812320.
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    385. Schiller VL, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Unusual cardiac involvement in carcinoid syndrome. Am Heart J. 1986 Dec; 112(6):1322-3. PMID: 3788782.
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    386. French WJ, Siegel RJ, Cohen AH, Laks MM. Yield of endomyocardial biopsy in patients with biventricular failure. Comparison of patients with normal vs reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Chest. 1986 Aug; 90(2):181-4. PMID: 3731889.
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    387. Denton TA, Litvack F, Siegel RJ. Pseudoinfarction in patients with massive pulmonary embolism. West J Med. 1986 Jul; 145(1):98-101. PMID: 3751030.
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    388. Criley JM, Siegel RJ. Obstruction is unimportant in the pathophysiology of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Postgrad Med J. 1986 Jun; 62(728):515-29. PMID: 3534838.
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    389. Little D, Said JW, Siegel RJ, Fealy M, Fishbein MC. Endothelial cell markers in vascular neoplasms: an immunohistochemical study comparing factor VIII-related antigen, blood group specific antigens, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, and Ulex europaeus 1 lectin. J Pathol. 1986 Jun; 149(2):89-95. PMID: 2426432.
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    390. Tresch DD, Wetherbee JN, Siegel R, Troup PJ, Keelan MH, Olinger GN, Brooks HL. Long-term follow-up of survivors of prehospital sudden cardiac death treated with coronary bypass surgery. Am Heart J. 1985 Dec; 110(6):1139-45. PMID: 4072871.
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    391. Criley JM, Siegel RJ. Has 'obstruction' hindered our understanding of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy? Circulation. 1985 Dec; 72(6):1148-54. PMID: 3905046.
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    392. Doherty NE, Siegel RJ. Cardiovascular manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus. Am Heart J. 1985 Dec; 110(6):1257-65. PMID: 3907317.
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    393. Moran MM, Siegel RJ, Said JW, Fishbein MC. Demonstration of myoglobin and CK-M in myocardium. Comparison of five fixation methods and three immunohistochemical techniques. J Histochem Cytochem. 1985 Nov; 33(11):1110-5. PMID: 3902962.
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    394. Gilbert PL, Siegel RJ, Melmed S, Sherman CT, Fishbein MC. Cardiac morphology in rats with growth hormone-producing tumours. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1985 Aug; 17(8):805-11. PMID: 2931534.
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    395. Siegel RJ, Criley JM. Comparison of ventricular emptying with and without a pressure gradient in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Br Heart J. 1985 Mar; 53(3):283-91. PMID: 4038604.
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    396. Tresch DD, Doyle TP, Boncheck LI, Siegel R, Keelan MH, Olinger GN, Brooks HL. Mitral valve prolapse requiring surgery. Clinical and pathologic study. Am J Med. 1985 Feb; 78(2):245-50. PMID: 3970050.
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    397. Siegel RJ, Swan K, Edwalds G, Fishbein MC. Limitations of postmortem assessment of human coronary artery size and luminal narrowing: differential effects of tissue fixation and processing on vessels with different degrees of atherosclerosis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985 Feb; 5(2 Pt 1):342-6. PMID: 3881498.
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    398. Harold JG, Siegel RJ, Edwalds GM, Satoh P, Fishbein MC. Immunohistochemical localization of 6-keto-PGF1-alpha in canine coronary vasculature. Prostaglandins. 1985 Jan; 29(1):19-23. PMID: 3883429.
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    399. Siegel RJ, Edwalds G, Rej R, Fishbein MC. Distribution of cytosolic and mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase in normal, ischemic, and necrotic myocardium. An immunohistochemical study. Lab Invest. 1984 Dec; 51(6):648-54. PMID: 6389975.
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    400. Doherty NE, Ades A, Shah PK, Siegel RJ. Hypothermia with acute myocardial infarction. Ann Intern Med. 1984 Dec; 101(6):797-8. PMID: 6497195.
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    401. Siegel RJ, O'Connor B, Mena I, Criley JM. Left ventricular function at rest and during Raynaud's phenomenon in patients with scleroderma. Am Heart J. 1984 Dec; 108(6):1469-76. PMID: 6507243.
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    402. Siegel RJ, Shah PK, Nathan M, Rodriguez L, Shell WE. Prostaglandin E1 infusion in unstable angina: effects on anginal frequency and cardiac function. Am Heart J. 1984 Oct; 108(4 Pt 1):863-8. PMID: 6541428.
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    403. Edwalds GM, Said JW, Block MI, Herscher LL, Siegel RJ, Fishbein MC. Myocytolysis (vacuolar degeneration) of myocardium: immunohistochemical evidence of viability. Hum Pathol. 1984 Aug; 15(8):753-6. PMID: 6204921.
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    404. Siegel RJ, Shah PK, Fishbein MC. Idiopathic restrictive cardiomyopathy. Circulation. 1984 Aug; 70(2):165-9. PMID: 6733871.
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    405. Bonchek LI, Olinger GN, Siegel R, Tresch DD, Keelan MH. Left ventricular performance after mitral reconstruction for mitral regurgitation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1984 Jul; 88(1):122-7. PMID: 6738095.
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    406. Tresch DD, Keelan MH, Siegel R, Troup PJ, Bonchek LI, Olinger GN, Brooks HL. Long-term survival after prehospital sudden cardiac death. Am Heart J. 1984 Jul; 108(1):1-5. PMID: 6731258.
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    407. Herscher LL, Siegel RJ, Said JW, Edwalds GM, Moran MM, Fishbein MC. Distribution of LDH-1 in normal, ischemic, and necrotic myocardium. An immunoperoxidase study. Am J Clin Pathol. 1984 Feb; 81(2):198-203. PMID: 6198900.
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    408. Siegel RJ, Said JW, Shell WE, Corson G, Fishbein MC. Identification and localization of creatine kinase B and M in normal, ischemic and necrotic myocardium. An immunohistochemical study. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1984 Jan; 16(1):95-103. PMID: 6366242.
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    409. Block MI, Said JW, Siegel RJ, Fishbein MC. Myocardial myoglobin following coronary artery occlusion. An immunohistochemical study. Am J Pathol. 1983 Jun; 111(3):374-9. PMID: 6344648.
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    410. Siegel RJ, Fishbein MC. Evaluation of fluorescence microscopy for the identification of necrotic myocardium. Hum Pathol. 1982 Dec; 13(12):1091-4. PMID: 7173851.
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    411. Ginzton LE, Siegel RJ, Criley JM. Natural history of tricuspid valve endocarditis: a two dimensional echocardiographic study. Am J Cardiol. 1982 Jun; 49(8):1853-9. PMID: 6211079.
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    412. Siegel RJ, Ginzton LE, Criley JM. Cavitary obliteration. Circulation. 1982 Apr; 65(4):836-7. PMID: 7199404.
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    413. Roberts WC, Siegel RJ, Zipes DP. Origin of the right coronary artery from the left sinus of valsalva and its functional consequences: analysis of 10 necropsy patients. Am J Cardiol. 1982 Mar; 49(4):863-8. PMID: 7064835.
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    414. Siegel RJ, French WJ, Roberts WC. Spontaneous exercise testing: running as an early unmasker of underlying cardiac amyloidosis. Arch Intern Med. 1982 Feb; 142(2):345. PMID: 7059259.
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    415. Siegel RJ, Roberts WC. Electrocardiographic observations in severe aortic valve stenosis: correlative necropsy study to clinical, hemodynamic,, and ECG variables demonstrating relation of 12-lead QRS amplitude to peak systolic transaortic pressure gradient. Am Heart J. 1982 Feb; 103(2):210-21. PMID: 6459734.
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    416. McManus BM, Waller BF, Graboys TB, Mitchell JH, Siegel RJ, Miller HS, Froelicher VF, Roberts WC. Exercise and sudden- part II. Curr Probl Cardiol. 1982 Jan; 6(10):1-57. PMID: 7060392.
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    417. McManus BM, Waller BF, Graboys TB, Mitchell JH, Siegel RJ, Miller HS, Froelicher VF, Roberts WC. Exercise and sudden death-part I. Curr Probl Cardiol. 1981 Dec; 6(9):1-89. PMID: 7333132.
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    418. Tresch DD, Grove JR, Keelan MH, Siegel R, Bonchek LI, Olinger GN, Brooks HL. Long-term follow-up of survivors of prehospital sudden coronary death. Circulation. 1981 Aug; 64(2 Pt 2):II1-6. PMID: 6972821.
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    419. Siegel RJ, Cabeen WR, Roberts WC. Prolonged QT interval--ventricular tachycardia syndrome from massive rapid weight loss utilizing the liquid-protein-modified-fast diet: sudden death with sinus node ganglionitis and neuritis. Am Heart J. 1981 Jul; 102(1):121-2. PMID: 7246398.
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    420. Siegel RJ, Ginzton LE, Flanagan K, Criley JM. Marantic endocarditis: diagnosis by 2-D echocardiography. Chest. 1981 Jul; 80(1):118-9. PMID: 7249701.
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    421. Olinger GN, Bonchek LI, Keelan MH, Tresch DD, Siegel R, Bamrah V, Tristani FE. Unstable angina: the case for operation. Am J Cardiol. 1978 Oct; 42(4):634-40. PMID: 308773.
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    422. Venkataraman K, Siegel R, Kim SJ, Allen JW. Musical murmurs: an echo-phonocardiographic study. Am J Cardiol. 1978 May 01; 41(5):952-5. PMID: 645605.
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    423. Bonchek LI, Olinger GN, Keelan MH, Tresch DD, Siegel R. Management of sudden coronary death. Ann Thorac Surg. 1977 Oct; 24(4):337-45. PMID: 303082.
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    424. Mudd JW, Siegel RJ. Sexual sophistication. N Engl J Med. 1970 Mar 26; 282(13):755. PMID: 5416214.
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    425. Mudd JW, Siegel RJ. Sexuality--the experience and anxieties of medical students. N Engl J Med. 1969 Dec 18; 281(25):1397-403. PMID: 5389824.
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    426. Lehr HB, Hamilton R, Siegel RJ. Preservation of the kidney. J Am Med Womens Assoc. 1968 Dec; 23(12):1104-7. PMID: 4247168.
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