Alon Yosefian Avidan

Title(s)Professor of Clinical , Neurology
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-8817-6590 Additional info
vCardDownload vCard

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    UCLA, Los AngelesBS06/1988Biology
    George Washington University, Washington, D.C.MD06/1994Medicine
    George Washington University, Washington, D.C.MPH06/1998Public Health
    Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland06/1998Sleep Medicine
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM)2014Excellence in Education Award
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine2011Visiting Professor of Neurology Education

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Alon. Y. Avidan, MD, MPH, FAAN, FAASM

    Dr. Avidan is a Professor of Neurology at UCLA where he serves as Director of the UCLA Sleep Disorders Center. He completed his Neurology Residency at the Georgetown University Medical Center, and Fellowship in Sleep Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic. He was recently awarded and served as Visiting Professor of Neurology Education in the Department of Neurology at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine in Rochester, Minnesota, and was selected to receive the 2014 American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) Excellence in Education Award, for career contributions to education in sleep medicine.

    He has published over 100 manuscripts on sleep disorders and had coauthored four books: “Handbook of Sleep Medicine,” “Geriatric Sleep Medicine,” “Review of Sleep Medicine” and Atlas of Clinical Sleep Medicine.” He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, the American Board of Sleep Medicine, and a Diplomate in the Specialty of Sleep Medicine by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.

    Alon Y. Avidan MD, MPH
    Director, UCLA Sleep Disorders Center
    Professor, UCLA Department of Neurology

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Featured Content 
    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Frequency of Orthostatic Hypotension in Isolated REM Sleep Behavior Disorder: The North American Prodromal Synucleinopathy Cohort. Neurology. 2023 Oct 19. Elliott J, Bryant-Ekstrand MD, Keil AT, Ligman BR, Lim MM, Zitser J, During EH, Gagnon JF, St Louis EK, Fields JA, Huddleston DE, Bliwise DL, Avidan AY, Schenck CH, McLeland J, Criswell SR, Davis AA, Videnovic A, Lee-Iannotti JK, Postuma R, Boeve BF, Ju YE, Miglis MG, for North American Prodromal Synucleinopathy (NAPS) Consortium. PMID: 37857496.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Letter in reply: a letter to the editor commenting on the recent publication by AY Avidan and CA Kushida. Future Cardiol. 2023 Mar; 19(4):185-188. Avidan AY, Kushida CA. PMID: 37278297.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Management of REM sleep behavior disorder: an American Academy of Sleep Medicine clinical practice guideline. J Clin Sleep Med. 2023 04 01; 19(4):759-768. Howell M, Avidan AY, Foldvary-Schaefer N, Malkani RG, During EH, Roland JP, McCarter SJ, Zak RS, Carandang G, Kazmi U, Ramar K. PMID: 36515157; PMCID: PMC10071384.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Management of REM sleep behavior disorder: an American Academy of Sleep Medicine systematic review, meta-analysis, and GRADE assessment. J Clin Sleep Med. 2023 04 01; 19(4):769-810. Howell M, Avidan AY, Foldvary-Schaefer N, Malkani RG, During EH, Roland JP, McCarter SJ, Zak RS, Carandang G, Kazmi U, Ramar K. PMID: 36515150; PMCID: PMC10071381.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Baseline characteristics of the North American prodromal Synucleinopathy cohort. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2023 04; 10(4):520-535. Elliott JE, Lim MM, Keil AT, Postuma RB, Pelletier A, Gagnon JF, St Louis EK, Forsberg LK, Fields JA, Huddleston DE, Bliwise DL, Avidan AY, Howell MJ, Schenck CH, McLeland J, Criswell SR, Videnovic A, During EH, Miglis MG, Shprecher DR, Lee-Iannotti JK, Boeve BF, Ju YS, North American Prodromal Synucleinopathy (NAPS) Consortium. PMID: 36751940; PMCID: PMC10109527.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    6. Ethical Aspects of Prodromal Synucleinopathy Prognostic Counseling. Semin Neurol. 2023 02; 43(1):166-177. Stefani A, Mozersky J, Kotagal V, Högl B, Ingravallo F, Ju YS, Avidan A, Sharp R, Videnovic A, Schenck CH, St Louis EK. PMID: 36693433.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Integrated Multiomics Analysis of Salivary Exosomes to Identify Biomarkers Associated with Changes in Mood States and Fatigue. Int J Mol Sci. 2022 May 09; 23(9). Cohn W, Zhu C, Campagna J, Bilousova T, Spilman P, Teter B, Li F, Guo R, Elashoff D, Cole GM, Avidan A, Faull KF, Whitelegge J, Wong DTW, John V. PMID: 35563647; PMCID: PMC9105576.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    8. Preferences for Attributes of Sodium Oxybate Treatment: A Discrete Choice Experiment in Patients with Narcolepsy. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2022; 16:937-947. Dubow J, Avidan AY, Corser B, Athavale A, Seiden D, Kushida C. PMID: 35422617; PMCID: PMC9001922.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    9. Is the sodium in sodium oxybate a risk for heart health? A plain language summary of publication. Future Cardiol. 2022 05; 18(5):359-365. Avidan AY, Kushida CA. PMID: 35244452.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Recommended protocols for the Multiple Sleep Latency Test and Maintenance of Wakefulness Test in adults: guidance from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. J Clin Sleep Med. 2021 12 01; 17(12):2489-2498. Krahn LE, Arand DL, Avidan AY, Davila DG, DeBassio WA, Ruoff CM, Harrod CG. PMID: 34423768; PMCID: PMC8726366.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Sleep and Epilepsy, Clinical Spectrum and Updated Review. Sleep Med Clin. 2021 Jun; 16(2):389-408. Wu T, Avidan AY, Engel J. PMID: 33985663.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Multiple Sleep Latency Test/Maintenance of Wakefulness Test and Central Hypersomnias: Evolving Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approaches. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2023 Mar 01; 40(3):203-214. Sampat AC, Avidan AY. PMID: 36872499.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. The sodium in sodium oxybate: is there cause for concern? Sleep Med. 2020 11; 75:497-501. Avidan AY, Kushida CA. PMID: 33022487.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Identifying and Treating Insomnia in Patients Living With Alzheimer's Disease. J Clin Psychiatry. 2020 04 21; 81(3). Avidan A, Burke A. PMID: 32316081.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Incorporating sleep medicine content into medical school through neuroscience core curricula. Neurology. 2018 09 25; 91(13):597-610. Salas RME, Strowd RE, Ali I, Soni M, Schneider L, Safdieh J, Vaughn BV, Avidan AY, Jeffery JB, Gamaldo CE. PMID: 30185444.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Clinical Overview of REM Sleep Behavior Disorder. Semin Neurol. 2017 08; 37(4):461-470. Porter VR, Avidan AY. PMID: 28837993.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Chronic Insomnia Disorder. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2017 08; 23(4, Sleep Neurology):1064-1092. Avidan AY, Neubauer DN. PMID: 28777177.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. National Sleep Foundation's sleep quality recommendations: first report. Sleep Health. 2017 02; 3(1):6-19. Ohayon M, Wickwire EM, Hirshkowitz M, Albert SM, Avidan A, Daly FJ, Dauvilliers Y, Ferri R, Fung C, Gozal D, Hazen N, Krystal A, Lichstein K, Mallampalli M, Plazzi G, Rawding R, Scheer FA, Somers V, Vitiello MV. PMID: 28346153.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 276     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Sleep Disorders in Neurologic Practice: A Case-based Approach. Neurol Clin. 2016 Aug; 34(3):565-94. Panossian LA, Avidan AY. PMID: 27445242.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Frightening Spells at Night. J Clin Sleep Med. 2016 Jun 15; 12(6):925-7. Carlson AM, Young J, Avidan A. PMID: 27092704; PMCID: PMC4877328.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Improvement of Dream Enactment Behavior Associated With Levetiracetam Treatment in Dementia With Lewy Bodies. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2016 Apr-Jun; 30(2):175-7. Batalini F, Avidan A, Moseley BD, Ringman JM. PMID: 26485499; PMCID: PMC4834282.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. The Effect of Gabapentin Enacarbil on Quality of Life and Mood Outcomes in a Pooled Population of Adult Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Primary Restless Legs Syndrome. CNS Drugs. 2016 04; 30(4):305-16. Avidan AY, Lee D, Park M, Jaros MJ, Shang G, Kim R. PMID: 27067343.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Sleep, Cognition and Dementia. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2015 Dec; 17(12):97. Porter VR, Buxton WG, Avidan AY. PMID: 26478197.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Efficacy of gabapentin enacarbil in adult patients with severe primary restless legs syndrome. Sleep Med. 2016 03; 19:50-6. Lee DO, Buchfuhrer MJ, Garcia-Borreguero D, Avidan AY, Ahmed M, Hays R, Ondo WG, Jaros MJ, Kim R, Shang G. PMID: 27198947.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Hypocretin Deficiency Associated with Narcolepsy Type 1 and Central Hypoventilation Syndrome in Neurosarcoidosis of the Hypothalamus. J Clin Sleep Med. 2015 Sep 15; 11(9):1063-5. Mayo MC, Deng JC, Albores J, Zeidler M, Harper RM, Avidan AY. PMID: 25979096; PMCID: PMC4543251.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Seizures in sleep: clinical spectrum, diagnostic features, and management. Crit Care Clin. 2015 Jul; 31(3):511-31. Eliashiv D, Avidan AY. PMID: 26118918.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Sleep disorders in patients with cancer. J Community Support Oncol. 2015 Apr; 13(4):148-55. Guzman-Marin R, Avidan AY. PMID: 25978413.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    28. ATS Core Curriculum 2014: part III. Adult sleep medicine. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2014 Nov; 11(9):1480-7. Pien GW, Szymusiak R, Ryden AM, Avidan AY, Stansbury RC, Strollo PJ, Fields BG, Rosen IM, Strohl KP. PMID: 25422999.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    29. Israel-Gaza conflict. Lancet. 2014 Aug 30; 384(9945):e34-7. Ahmed Q, Avidan AY, Ciechanover A, Shechtman D, Zajfman D, Reichman U, Kornberg R, Hershko A, Lavie P. PMID: 25145777.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Sleep disorders in clinical practice: A wake-up call for neurologists. Neurol Clin Pract. 2014 Feb; 4(1):5-6. Avidan AY. PMID: 29473580; PMCID: PMC5765586.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    31. Spectral EEG analysis and sleepwalking defense: unreliable scientific evidence. J Clin Sleep Med. 2014 Jan 15; 10(1):111-2. Pressman MR, Mahowald M, Schenck C, Bornemann MC, Banerjee D, Howell M, Buchanan P, Avidan A. PMID: 24426831; PMCID: PMC3869061.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. The current state of sleep medicine education in US neurology residency training programs: where do we go from here? J Clin Sleep Med. 2013 Mar 15; 9(3):281-6. Avidan AY, Vaughn BV, Silber MH. PMID: 23493388; PMCID: PMC3578676.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Sleep and fatigue countermeasures for the neurology resident and physician. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2013 Feb; 19(1 Sleep Disorders):204-22. Avidan AY. PMID: 23385703.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Associations of sleep disturbance symptoms with health-related quality of life in Parkinson's disease. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2013; 25(4):319-26. Avidan A, Hays RD, Diaz N, Bordelon Y, Thompson AW, Vassar SD, Vickrey BG. PMID: 24247858; PMCID: PMC3960993.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Parasomnias and their mimics. Neurol Clin. 2012 Nov; 30(4):1067-94. Malhotra RK, Avidan AY. PMID: 23099130.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Neurodegenerative Disease and REM Behavior Disorder. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2012 Oct; 14(5):474-92. Malhotra R, Avidan AY. PMID: 22879077.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    37. Sleep disturbance in dementia with Lewy bodies and Alzheimer's disease: a multicenter analysis. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2011; 31(3):239-46. Bliwise DL, Mercaldo ND, Avidan AY, Boeve BF, Greer SA, Kukull WA. PMID: 21474933; PMCID: PMC3085031.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Insomnia medication use and the probability of an accidental event in an older adult population. Drug Healthc Patient Saf. 2010; 2:225-32. Avidan AY, Palmer LA, Doan JF, Baran RW. PMID: 21701634; PMCID: PMC3108703.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5  
    39. Jet lag syndrome: circadian organization, pathophysiology, and management strategies. Nat Sci Sleep. 2010; 2:187-98. Vosko AM, Colwell CS, Avidan AY. PMID: 23616709; PMCID: PMC3630947.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15  
    40. The parasomnias: epidemiology, clinical features, and diagnostic approach. Clin Chest Med. 2010 Jun; 31(2):353-70. Avidan AY, Kaplish N. PMID: 20488293.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Clinical sleep neurology. Semin Neurol. 2009 Sep; 29(4):275-6. Avidan AY. PMID: 19742405.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Parasomnias and movement disorders of sleep. Semin Neurol. 2009 Sep; 29(4):372-92. Avidan AY. PMID: 19742413.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Review of sleep disorders. Med Clin North Am. 2009 Mar; 93(2):407-25, ix. Panossian LA, Avidan AY. PMID: 19272516.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Improving sleep hygiene. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Jun 09; 168(11):1229-30; author reply 1230. Owens JA, Avidan A, Baldwin D, Landrigan C. PMID: 18541835.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    45. Sleep-disordered breathing and stroke. Rev Neurol Dis. 2008; 5(4):191-8. Ali LK, Avidan AY. PMID: 19122572.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Sleep medicine content of major medical textbooks continues to be underrepresented. Sleep Med. 2007 Apr; 8(3):271-6. Teodorescu MC, Avidan AY, Teodorescu M, Harrington JJ, Artar AO, Davies CR, Chervin RD. PMID: 17369089.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Clinical neurology of insomnia in neurodegenerative and other disorders of neurological function. Rev Neurol Dis. 2007; 4(1):21-34. Avidan AY. PMID: 17514155.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. The development of central sleep apnea with an oral appliance. Sleep Med. 2006 Mar; 7(2):187-91. Avidan AY, Guilleminault C, Robinson A. PMID: 16516818.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Eye movements during sleep recording. J Clin Sleep Med. 2005 Oct 15; 1(4):429-32. Avidan AY. PMID: 17564415.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. The development of central sleep apnea with an oral appliance. Sleep Med. 2006 Jan; 7(1):85-6. Avidan AY. PMID: 16194621.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Treatment of sleep disorders in elderly patients. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2005 Sep; 7(5):339-52. Harrington JJ, Avidan AY. PMID: 16079039.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    52. Pregnancy associated with daytime sleepiness and nighttime restlessness. Sleep Med. 2005 Sep; 6(5):473-4. Kirsch DB, Avidan AY. PMID: 16139774.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Sleep disorders in the older patient. Prim Care. 2005 Jun; 32(2):563-86. Avidan AY. PMID: 15935201.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Insomnia and hypnotic use, recorded in the minimum data set, as predictors of falls and hip fractures in Michigan nursing homes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Jun; 53(6):955-62. Avidan AY, Fries BE, James ML, Szafara KL, Wright GT, Chervin RD. PMID: 15935017.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 71     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Case studies in sleep medicine. Semin Neurol. 2005 Mar; 25(1):130-46. Clemons WE, Kakkar R, Kirsch D, Teodorescu M, Hoban TF, Avidan AY. PMID: 15798945.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Sleep in the geriatric patient population. Semin Neurol. 2005 Mar; 25(1):52-63. Avidan AY. PMID: 15798937.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Pregnancy associated with daytime sleepiness and nighttime restlessness. Sleep Med. 2005 Jan; 6(1):83-4. Kirsch DB, Avidan AY. PMID: 15680302.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. The effects of sleep loss and fatigue on resident-physicians: a multi-institutional, mixed-method study. Acad Med. 2004 May; 79(5):394-406. Papp KK, Stoller EP, Sage P, Aikens JE, Owens J, Avidan A, Phillips B, Rosen R, Strohl KP. PMID: 15107278.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 75     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Subclinical rhythmic electrographic discharge of adults (SREDA) in REM sleep. Sleep Med. 2004 Jan; 5(1):77-81. Fleming WE, Avidan A, Malow BA. PMID: 14725830.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Sleep-disordered breathing in Michigan: a practice pattern survey. Sleep Breath. 2003 Sep; 7(3):95-104. Chervin RD, Moyer CA, Palmisano J, Avidan AY, Robinson E, Garetz SL, Helman JI. PMID: 14569520.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Insomnia in the geriatric patient. Clin Cornerstone. 2003; 5(3):51-60. Avidan AY. PMID: 14626541.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Websites on oral appliances for obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep Med. 2003 Jan; 4(1):77-8. Zwetchkenbaum SR, Avidan AY. PMID: 14592365.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. ESS dot com. Sleep Med. 2002 Sep; 3(5):405-10. Avidan AY, Chervin RD. PMID: 14592172.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    64. Sleep changes and disorders in the elderly patient. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2002 Mar; 2(2):178-85. Avidan AY. PMID: 11898485.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. An introduction to snoring and sleep apnea for dental practitioners. J Mich Dent Assoc. 2001 Oct; 83(8):32-6, 38-9, 58. Robinson E, Chervin RD, Garetz SL, Avidan AY. PMID: 11764704.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Antidiabetic action of vanadyl in rats independent of in vivo insulin-receptor kinase activity. Diabetes. 1991 Apr; 40(4):492-8. Venkatesan N, Avidan A, Davidson MB. PMID: 1849104.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    67. Medullary sites for TRH analogue stimulation of gastric contractility in the rat. Am J Physiol. 1989 Jun; 256(6 Pt 1):G1011-5. Garrick T, Stephens R, Ishikawa T, Sierra A, Avidan A, Weiner H, Taché Y. PMID: 2500025.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    Alon's Networks
    Concepts (224)
    Derived automatically from this person's publications.
    Co-Authors (16)
    People in Profiles who have published with this person.
    Similar People (60)
    People who share similar concepts with this person.
    Same Department
    Search Department