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Lo, Roger S

Title(s)Professor, Medicine
SchoolDermatology
Phone56911
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Professor, Molecular and Medical Pharmacology


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Exploiting Drug Addiction to Improve the Efficacy of MAPK Pathway Targeted Therapy in BRAF and NRAS Mutant Melanoma
    NIH/NCI R21CA215910Dec 11, 2017 - Nov 30, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Overcoming acute, adaptive BRAF inhibitor resistance in melanoma
    NIH/NCI R01CA176111Aug 7, 2013 - Jun 30, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Augmenting Melanoma Response to B-Raf V600E Targeting
    NIH/NCI K22CA151638Aug 19, 2010 - Jul 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Ribas A, Lo RS. Trying for a BRAF Slam Dunk. Cancer Discov. 2020 May; 10(5):640-642. PMID: 32357967.
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    2. Garcia-Diaz A, Shin DS, Moreno BH, Saco J, Escuin-Ordinas H, Rodriguez GA, Zaretsky JM, Sun L, Hugo W, Wang X, Parisi G, Saus CP, Torrejon DY, Graeber TG, Comin-Anduix B, Hu-Lieskovan S, Damoiseaux R, Lo RS, Ribas A. Interferon Receptor Signaling Pathways Regulating PD-L1 and PD-L2 Expression. Cell Rep. 2019 Dec 10; 29(11):3766. PMID: 31825850.
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    3. Leachman SA, Hornyak TJ, Barsh G, Bastian BC, Brash DE, Cleaver JE, Cooper CD, D'Orazio JA, Fujita M, Holmen SL, Indra AK, Kraemer KH, Le Poole IC, Lo RS, Lund AW, Manga P, Pavan WJ, Setaluri V, Stemwedel CE, Kulesz-Martin MF. Melanoma to Vitiligo: The Melanocyte in Biology & Medicine-Joint Montagna Symposium on the Biology of Skin/PanAmerican Society for Pigment Cell Research Annual Meeting. J Invest Dermatol. 2020 Feb; 140(2):269-274. PMID: 31348921.
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    4. Ascierto PA, Agarwala SS, Botti G, Budillon A, Davies MA, Dummer R, Ernstoff M, Ferrone S, Formenti S, Gajewski TF, Garbe C, Hamid O, Lo RS, Luke JJ, Michielin O, Palmieri G, Zitvogel L, Marincola FM, Masucci G, Caracò C, Thurin M, Puzanov I. Perspectives in melanoma: meeting report from the Melanoma Bridge (November 29th-1 December 1st, 2018, Naples, Italy). J Transl Med. 2019 07 22; 17(1):234. PMID: 31331337.
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    5. Zhao X, Little P, Hoyle AP, Pegna GJ, Hayward MC, Ivanova A, Parker JS, Marron DL, Soloway MG, Jo H, Salazar AH, Papakonstantinou MP, Bouchard DM, Jefferys SR, Hoadley KA, Ollila DW, Frank JS, Thomas NE, Googe PB, Ezzell AJ, Collichio FA, Lee CB, Earp HS, Sharpless NE, Hugo W, Wilmott JS, Quek C, Waddell N, Johansson PA, Thompson JF, Hayward NK, Mann GJ, Lo RS, Johnson DB, Scolyer RA, Hayes DN, Moschos SJ. The Prognostic Significance of Low-Frequency Somatic Mutations in Metastatic Cutaneous Melanoma. Front Oncol. 2018; 8:584. PMID: 30662871.
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    6. Huang L, Malu S, McKenzie JA, Andrews MC, Talukder AH, Tieu T, Karpinets T, Haymaker C, Forget MA, Williams LJ, Wang Z, Mbofung RM, Wang ZQ, Davis RE, Lo RS, Wargo JA, Davies MA, Bernatchez C, Heffernan T, Amaria RN, Korkut A, Peng W, Roszik J, Lizée G, Woodman SE, Hwu P. The RNA-binding Protein MEX3B Mediates Resistance to Cancer Immunotherapy by Downregulating HLA-A Expression. Clin Cancer Res. 2018 07 15; 24(14):3366-3376. PMID: 29496759.
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    7. Huang D, Leslie KA, Guest D, Yeshcheulova O, Roy IJ, Piva M, Moriceau G, Zangle TA, Lo RS, Teitell MA, Reed J. High-Speed Live-Cell Interferometry: A New Method for Quantifying Tumor Drug Resistance and Heterogeneity. Anal Chem. 2018 03 06; 90(5):3299-3306. PMID: 29381859.
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    8. Hong A, Moriceau G, Sun L, Lomeli S, Piva M, Damoiseaux R, Holmen SL, Sharpless NE, Hugo W, Lo RS. Exploiting Drug Addiction Mechanisms to Select against MAPKi-Resistant Melanoma. Cancer Discov. 2018 01; 8(1):74-93. PMID: 28923912.
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    9. Song C, Piva M, Sun L, Hong A, Moriceau G, Kong X, Zhang H, Lomeli S, Qian J, Yu CC, Damoiseaux R, Kelley MC, Dahlman KB, Scumpia PO, Sosman JA, Johnson DB, Ribas A, Hugo W, Lo RS. Recurrent Tumor Cell-Intrinsic and -Extrinsic Alterations during MAPKi-Induced Melanoma Regression and Early Adaptation. Cancer Discov. 2017 11; 7(11):1248-1265. PMID: 28864476.
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    10. Garcia-Diaz A, Shin DS, Moreno BH, Saco J, Escuin-Ordinas H, Rodriguez GA, Zaretsky JM, Sun L, Hugo W, Wang X, Parisi G, Saus CP, Torrejon DY, Graeber TG, Comin-Anduix B, Hu-Lieskovan S, Damoiseaux R, Lo RS, Ribas A. Interferon Receptor Signaling Pathways Regulating PD-L1 and PD-L2 Expression. Cell Rep. 2017 05 09; 19(6):1189-1201. PMID: 28494868.
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    11. Hugo W, Zaretsky JM, Sun L, Song C, Moreno BH, Hu-Lieskovan S, Berent-Maoz B, Pang J, Chmielowski B, Cherry G, Seja E, Lomeli S, Kong X, Kelley MC, Sosman JA, Johnson DB, Ribas A, Lo RS. Genomic and Transcriptomic Features of Response to Anti-PD-1 Therapy in Metastatic Melanoma. Cell. 2017 01 26; 168(3):542. PMID: 28129544.
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    12. Shin DS, Zaretsky JM, Escuin-Ordinas H, Garcia-Diaz A, Hu-Lieskovan S, Kalbasi A, Grasso CS, Hugo W, Sandoval S, Torrejon DY, Palaskas N, Rodriguez GA, Parisi G, Azhdam A, Chmielowski B, Cherry G, Seja E, Berent-Maoz B, Shintaku IP, Le DT, Pardoll DM, Diaz LA, Tumeh PC, Graeber TG, Lo RS, Comin-Anduix B, Ribas A. Primary Resistance to PD-1 Blockade Mediated by JAK1/2 Mutations. Cancer Discov. 2017 02; 7(2):188-201. PMID: 27903500.
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    13. Ascierto PA, Agarwala S, Botti G, Cesano A, Ciliberto G, Davies MA, Demaria S, Dummer R, Eggermont AM, Ferrone S, Fu YX, Gajewski TF, Garbe C, Huber V, Khleif S, Krauthammer M, Lo RS, Masucci G, Palmieri G, Postow M, Puzanov I, Silk A, Spranger S, Stroncek DF, Tarhini A, Taube JM, Testori A, Wang E, Wargo JA, Yee C, Zarour H, Zitvogel L, Fox BA, Mozzillo N, Marincola FM, Thurin M. Future perspectives in melanoma research : Meeting report from the "Melanoma Bridge". Napoli, December 1st-4th 2015. J Transl Med. 2016 11 15; 14(1):313. PMID: 27846884.
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    14. Titz B, Lomova A, Le A, Hugo W, Kong X, Ten Hoeve J, Friedman M, Shi H, Moriceau G, Song C, Hong A, Atefi M, Li R, Komisopoulou E, Ribas A, Lo RS, Graeber TG. JUN dependency in distinct early and late BRAF inhibition adaptation states of melanoma. Cell Discov. 2016; 2:16028. PMID: 27648299.
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    15. Escuin-Ordinas H, Li S, Xie MW, Sun L, Hugo W, Huang RR, Jiao J, de-Faria FM, Realegeno S, Krystofinski P, Azhdam A, Komenan SM, Atefi M, Comin-Anduix B, Pellegrini M, Cochran AJ, Modlin RL, Herschman HR, Lo RS, McBride WH, Segura T, Ribas A. Cutaneous wound healing through paradoxical MAPK activation by BRAF inhibitors. Nat Commun. 2016 08 01; 7:12348. PMID: 27476449.
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    16. Zaretsky JM, Garcia-Diaz A, Shin DS, Escuin-Ordinas H, Hugo W, Hu-Lieskovan S, Torrejon DY, Abril-Rodriguez G, Sandoval S, Barthly L, Saco J, Homet Moreno B, Mezzadra R, Chmielowski B, Ruchalski K, Shintaku IP, Sanchez PJ, Puig-Saus C, Cherry G, Seja E, Kong X, Pang J, Berent-Maoz B, Comin-Anduix B, Graeber TG, Tumeh PC, Schumacher TN, Lo RS, Ribas A. Mutations Associated with Acquired Resistance to PD-1 Blockade in Melanoma. N Engl J Med. 2016 Sep 01; 375(9):819-29. PMID: 27433843.
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    17. Kaur A, Webster MR, Marchbank K, Behera R, Ndoye A, Kugel CH, Dang VM, Appleton J, O'Connell MP, Cheng P, Valiga AA, Morissette R, McDonnell NB, Ferrucci L, Kossenkov AV, Meeth K, Tang HY, Yin X, Wood WH, Lehrmann E, Becker KG, Flaherty KT, Frederick DT, Wargo JA, Cooper ZA, Tetzlaff MT, Hudgens C, Aird KM, Zhang R, Xu X, Liu Q, Bartlett E, Karakousis G, Eroglu Z, Lo RS, Chan M, Menzies AM, Long GV, Johnson DB, Sosman J, Schilling B, Schadendorf D, Speicher DW, Bosenberg M, Ribas A, Weeraratna AT. Corrigendum: sFRP2 in the aged microenvironment drives melanoma metastasis and therapy resistance. Nature. 2016 Sep 08; 537(7619):254. PMID: 27383789.
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    18. Merlino G, Herlyn M, Fisher DE, Bastian BC, Flaherty KT, Davies MA, Wargo JA, Curiel-Lewandrowski C, Weber MJ, Leachman SA, Soengas MS, McMahon M, Harbour JW, Swetter SM, Aplin AE, Atkins MB, Bosenberg MW, Dummer R, Gershenwald JE, Halpern AC, Herlyn D, Karakousis GC, Kirkwood JM, Krauthammer M, Lo RS, Long GV, McArthur G, Ribas A, Schuchter L, Sosman JA, Smalley KS, Steeg P, Thomas NE, Tsao H, Tueting T, Weeraratna A, Xu G, Lomax R, Martin A, Silverstein S, Turnham T, Ronai ZA. The state of melanoma: challenges and opportunities. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 2016 07; 29(4):404-16. PMID: 27087480.
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    19. Kaur A, Webster MR, Marchbank K, Behera R, Ndoye A, Kugel CH, Dang VM, Appleton J, O'Connell MP, Cheng P, Valiga AA, Morissette R, McDonnell NB, Ferrucci L, Kossenkov AV, Meeth K, Tang HY, Yin X, Wood WH, Lehrmann E, Becker KG, Flaherty KT, Frederick DT, Wargo JA, Cooper ZA, Tetzlaff MT, Hudgens C, Aird KM, Zhang R, Xu X, Liu Q, Bartlett E, Karakousis G, Eroglu Z, Lo RS, Chan M, Menzies AM, Long GV, Johnson DB, Sosman J, Schilling B, Schadendorf D, Speicher DW, Bosenberg M, Ribas A, Weeraratna AT. sFRP2 in the aged microenvironment drives melanoma metastasis and therapy resistance. Nature. 2016 Apr 14; 532(7598):250-4. PMID: 27042933.
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    20. Hugo W, Zaretsky JM, Sun L, Song C, Moreno BH, Hu-Lieskovan S, Berent-Maoz B, Pang J, Chmielowski B, Cherry G, Seja E, Lomeli S, Kong X, Kelley MC, Sosman JA, Johnson DB, Ribas A, Lo RS. Genomic and Transcriptomic Features of Response to Anti-PD-1 Therapy in Metastatic Melanoma. Cell. 2016 Mar 24; 165(1):35-44. PMID: 26997480.
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    21. Ascierto PA, Atkins M, Bifulco C, Botti G, Cochran A, Davies M, Demaria S, Dummer R, Ferrone S, Formenti S, Gajewski TF, Garbe C, Khleif S, Kiessling R, Lo R, Lorigan P, Arthur GM, Masucci G, Melero I, Mihm M, Palmieri G, Parmiani G, Puzanov I, Romero P, Schilling B, Seliger B, Stroncek D, Taube J, Tomei S, Zarour HM, Testori A, Wang E, Galon J, Ciliberto G, Mozzillo N, Marincola FM, Thurin M. Future perspectives in melanoma research: meeting report from the "Melanoma Bridge": Napoli, December 3rd-6th 2014. J Transl Med. 2015 Nov 30; 13:374. PMID: 26619946.
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    22. Johnson DB, Menzies AM, Zimmer L, Eroglu Z, Ye F, Zhao S, Rizos H, Sucker A, Scolyer RA, Gutzmer R, Gogas H, Kefford RF, Thompson JF, Becker JC, Berking C, Egberts F, Loquai C, Goldinger SM, Pupo GM, Hugo W, Kong X, Garraway LA, Sosman JA, Ribas A, Lo RS, Long GV, Schadendorf D. Acquired BRAF inhibitor resistance: A multicenter meta-analysis of the spectrum and frequencies, clinical behaviour, and phenotypic associations of resistance mechanisms. Eur J Cancer. 2015 Dec; 51(18):2792-9. PMID: 26608120.
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    23. Hugo W, Shi H, Sun L, Piva M, Song C, Kong X, Moriceau G, Hong A, Dahlman KB, Johnson DB, Sosman JA, Ribas A, Lo RS. Non-genomic and Immune Evolution of Melanoma Acquiring MAPKi Resistance. Cell. 2015 Sep 10; 162(6):1271-85. PMID: 26359985.
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    24. Hernandez-Davies JE, Tran TQ, Reid MA, Rosales KR, Lowman XH, Pan M, Moriceau G, Yang Y, Wu J, Lo RS, Kong M. Vemurafenib resistance reprograms melanoma cells towards glutamine dependence. J Transl Med. 2015 Jul 03; 13:210. PMID: 26139106.
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    25. Wong DJ, Robert L, Atefi MS, Lassen A, Avarappatt G, Cerniglia M, Avramis E, Tsoi J, Foulad D, Graeber TG, Comin-Anduix B, Samatar A, Lo RS, Ribas A. Erratum to: Antitumor activity of the ERK inhibitor SCH722984 against BRAF mutant, NRAS mutant and wild-type melanoma. Mol Cancer. 2015 Jul 02; 14:128. PMID: 26134498.
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    26. Obenauf AC, Zou Y, Ji AL, Vanharanta S, Shu W, Shi H, Kong X, Bosenberg MC, Wiesner T, Rosen N, Lo RS, Massagué J. Therapy-induced tumour secretomes promote resistance and tumour progression. Nature. 2015 Apr 16; 520(7547):368-72. PMID: 25807485.
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    27. Moriceau G, Hugo W, Hong A, Shi H, Kong X, Yu CC, Koya RC, Samatar AA, Khanlou N, Braun J, Ruchalski K, Seifert H, Larkin J, Dahlman KB, Johnson DB, Algazi A, Sosman JA, Ribas A, Lo RS. Tunable-combinatorial mechanisms of acquired resistance limit the efficacy of BRAF/MEK cotargeting but result in melanoma drug addiction. Cancer Cell. 2015 Feb 09; 27(2):240-56. PMID: 25600339.
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    28. Müller J, Krijgsman O, Tsoi J, Robert L, Hugo W, Song C, Kong X, Possik PA, Cornelissen-Steijger PD, Geukes Foppen MH, Kemper K, Goding CR, McDermott U, Blank C, Haanen J, Graeber TG, Ribas A, Lo RS, Peeper DS. Low MITF/AXL ratio predicts early resistance to multiple targeted drugs in melanoma. Nat Commun. 2014 Dec 15; 5:5712. PMID: 25502142.
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    29. Wong DJ, Robert L, Atefi MS, Lassen A, Avarappatt G, Cerniglia M, Avramis E, Tsoi J, Foulad D, Graeber TG, Comin-Anduix B, Samatar A, Lo RS, Ribas A. Antitumor activity of the ERK inhibitor SCH772984 [corrected] against BRAF mutant, NRAS mutant and wild-type melanoma. Mol Cancer. 2014 Aug 20; 13:194. PMID: 25142146.
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    30. Marusiak AA, Edwards ZC, Hugo W, Trotter EW, Girotti MR, Stephenson NL, Kong X, Gartside MG, Fawdar S, Hudson A, Breitwieser W, Hayward NK, Marais R, Lo RS, Brognard J. Mixed lineage kinases activate MEK independently of RAF to mediate resistance to RAF inhibitors. Nat Commun. 2014 May 22; 5:3901. PMID: 24849047.
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    31. Parmenter TJ, Kleinschmidt M, Kinross KM, Bond ST, Li J, Kaadige MR, Rao A, Sheppard KE, Hugo W, Pupo GM, Pearson RB, McGee SL, Long GV, Scolyer RA, Rizos H, Lo RS, Cullinane C, Ayer DE, Ribas A, Johnstone RW, Hicks RJ, McArthur GA. Response of BRAF-mutant melanoma to BRAF inhibition is mediated by a network of transcriptional regulators of glycolysis. Cancer Discov. 2014 Apr; 4(4):423-33. PMID: 24469106.
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    32. Lo RS, Shi H. Detecting mechanisms of acquired BRAF inhibitor resistance in melanoma. Methods Mol Biol. 2014; 1102:163-74. PMID: 24258979.
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    33. Escuin-Ordinas H, Atefi M, Fu Y, Cass A, Ng C, Huang RR, Yashar S, Comin-Anduix B, Avramis E, Cochran AJ, Marais R, Lo RS, Graeber TG, Herschman HR, Ribas A. COX-2 inhibition prevents the appearance of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas accelerated by BRAF inhibitors. Mol Oncol. 2014 Mar; 8(2):250-60. PMID: 24345644.
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    34. Shi H, Hong A, Kong X, Koya RC, Song C, Moriceau G, Hugo W, Yu CC, Ng C, Chodon T, Scolyer RA, Kefford RF, Ribas A, Long GV, Lo RS. A novel AKT1 mutant amplifies an adaptive melanoma response to BRAF inhibition. Cancer Discov. 2014 Jan; 4(1):69-79. PMID: 24265152.
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    35. Shi H, Hugo W, Kong X, Hong A, Koya RC, Moriceau G, Chodon T, Guo R, Johnson DB, Dahlman KB, Kelley MC, Kefford RF, Chmielowski B, Glaspy JA, Sosman JA, van Baren N, Long GV, Ribas A, Lo RS. Acquired resistance and clonal evolution in melanoma during BRAF inhibitor therapy. Cancer Discov. 2014 Jan; 4(1):80-93. PMID: 24265155.
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    36. Ascierto PA, Grimaldi AM, Acquavella N, Borgognoni L, Calabrò L, Cascinelli N, Cesano A, Del Vecchio M, Eggermont AM, Faries M, Ferrone S, Fox BA, Gajewski TF, Galon J, Gnjatic S, Gogas H, Kashani-Sabet M, Kaufman HL, Larkin J, Lo RS, Mantovani A, Margolin K, Melief C, McArthur G, Palmieri G, Puzanov I, Ribas A, Seliger B, Sosman J, Suenaert P, Tarhini AA, Trinchieri G, Vidal-Vanaclocha F, Wang E, Ciliberto G, Mozzillo N, Marincola FM, Thurin M. Future perspectives in melanoma research. Meeting report from the "Melanoma Bridge. Napoli, December 2nd-4th 2012". J Transl Med. 2013 Jun 03; 11:137. PMID: 23731854.
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    37. Lo RS, Ribas A, Long GV, Ballotti R, Berger M, Willy H, Gibney GT, Bosenberg M, Bernstein E, Villanueva J, Smalley KS. Meeting report from the Society for Melanoma Research 2012 Congress, Hollywood, California. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 2013 Jul; 26(4):E1-7. PMID: 23551976.
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    38. Trunzer K, Pavlick AC, Schuchter L, Gonzalez R, McArthur GA, Hutson TE, Moschos SJ, Flaherty KT, Kim KB, Weber JS, Hersey P, Long GV, Lawrence D, Ott PA, Amaravadi RK, Lewis KD, Puzanov I, Lo RS, Koehler A, Kockx M, Spleiss O, Schell-Steven A, Gilbert HN, Cockey L, Bollag G, Lee RJ, Joe AK, Sosman JA, Ribas A. Pharmacodynamic effects and mechanisms of resistance to vemurafenib in patients with metastatic melanoma. J Clin Oncol. 2013 May 10; 31(14):1767-74. PMID: 23569304.
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    39. Hou S, Zhao L, Shen Q, Yu J, Ng C, Kong X, Wu D, Song M, Shi X, Xu X, OuYang WH, He R, Zhao XZ, Lee T, Brunicardi FC, Garcia MA, Ribas A, Lo RS, Tseng HR. Polymer nanofiber-embedded microchips for detection, isolation, and molecular analysis of single circulating melanoma cells. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2013 Mar 18; 52(12):3379-83. PMID: 23436302.
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    40. Lo RS. Melanoma prognostics and personalized therapeutics at a crossroad. J Invest Dermatol. 2013 Feb; 133(2):292-5. PMID: 23318787.
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    41. Wilmott JS, Tembe V, Howle JR, Sharma R, Thompson JF, Rizos H, Lo RS, Kefford RF, Scolyer RA, Long GV. Intratumoral molecular heterogeneity in a BRAF-mutant, BRAF inhibitor-resistant melanoma: a case illustrating the challenges for personalized medicine. Mol Cancer Ther. 2012 Dec; 11(12):2704-8. PMID: 22962325.
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    42. Viros A, Hayward R, Martin M, Yashar S, Yu CC, Sanchez-Laorden B, Zambon A, Niculescu-Duvaz D, Springer C, Lo RS, Marais R. Topical 5-fluorouracil elicits regressions of BRAF inhibitor-induced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. J Invest Dermatol. 2013 Jan; 133(1):274-6. PMID: 22895366.
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    43. Krauthammer M, Kong Y, Ha BH, Evans P, Bacchiocchi A, McCusker JP, Cheng E, Davis MJ, Goh G, Choi M, Ariyan S, Narayan D, Dutton-Regester K, Capatana A, Holman EC, Bosenberg M, Sznol M, Kluger HM, Brash DE, Stern DF, Materin MA, Lo RS, Mane S, Ma S, Kidd KK, Hayward NK, Lifton RP, Schlessinger J, Boggon TJ, Halaban R. Exome sequencing identifies recurrent somatic RAC1 mutations in melanoma. Nat Genet. 2012 Sep; 44(9):1006-14. PMID: 22842228.
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    44. Straussman R, Morikawa T, Shee K, Barzily-Rokni M, Qian ZR, Du J, Davis A, Mongare MM, Gould J, Frederick DT, Cooper ZA, Chapman PB, Solit DB, Ribas A, Lo RS, Flaherty KT, Ogino S, Wargo JA, Golub TR. Tumour micro-environment elicits innate resistance to RAF inhibitors through HGF secretion. Nature. 2012 Jul 26; 487(7408):500-4. PMID: 22763439.
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    45. Gembarska A, Luciani F, Fedele C, Russell EA, Dewaele M, Villar S, Zwolinska A, Haupt S, de Lange J, Yip D, Goydos J, Haigh JJ, Haupt Y, Larue L, Jochemsen A, Shi H, Moriceau G, Lo RS, Ghanem G, Shackleton M, Bernal F, Marine JC. MDM4 is a key therapeutic target in cutaneous melanoma. Nat Med. 2012 Aug; 18(8):1239-47. PMID: 22820643.
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    46. Graham NA, Tahmasian M, Kohli B, Komisopoulou E, Zhu M, Vivanco I, Teitell MA, Wu H, Ribas A, Lo RS, Mellinghoff IK, Mischel PS, Graeber TG. Glucose deprivation activates a metabolic and signaling amplification loop leading to cell death. Mol Syst Biol. 2012 Jun 26; 8:589. PMID: 22735335.
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    47. Lo RS. Receptor tyrosine kinases in cancer escape from BRAF inhibitors. Cell Res. 2012 Jun; 22(6):945-7. PMID: 22565288.
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    48. Shi H, Moriceau G, Kong X, Koya RC, Nazarian R, Pupo GM, Bacchiocchi A, Dahlman KB, Chmielowski B, Sosman JA, Halaban R, Kefford RF, Long GV, Ribas A, Lo RS. Preexisting MEK1 exon 3 mutations in V600E/KBRAF melanomas do not confer resistance to BRAF inhibitors. Cancer Discov. 2012 May; 2(5):414-24. PMID: 22588879.
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    49. Shi H, Moriceau G, Kong X, Lee MK, Lee H, Koya RC, Ng C, Chodon T, Scolyer RA, Dahlman KB, Sosman JA, Kefford RF, Long GV, Nelson SF, Ribas A, Lo RS. Melanoma whole-exome sequencing identifies (V600E)B-RAF amplification-mediated acquired B-RAF inhibitor resistance. Nat Commun. 2012 Mar 06; 3:724. PMID: 22395615.
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    50. Paraiso KH, Haarberg HE, Wood E, Rebecca VW, Chen YA, Xiang Y, Ribas A, Lo RS, Weber JS, Sondak VK, John JK, Sarnaik AA, Koomen JM, Smalley KS. The HSP90 inhibitor XL888 overcomes BRAF inhibitor resistance mediated through diverse mechanisms. Clin Cancer Res. 2012 May 01; 18(9):2502-14. PMID: 22351686.
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    51. Su F, Viros A, Milagre C, Trunzer K, Bollag G, Spleiss O, Reis-Filho JS, Kong X, Koya RC, Flaherty KT, Chapman PB, Kim MJ, Hayward R, Martin M, Yang H, Wang Q, Hilton H, Hang JS, Noe J, Lambros M, Geyer F, Dhomen N, Niculescu-Duvaz I, Zambon A, Niculescu-Duvaz D, Preece N, Robert L, Otte NJ, Mok S, Kee D, Ma Y, Zhang C, Habets G, Burton EA, Wong B, Nguyen H, Kockx M, Andries L, Lestini B, Nolop KB, Lee RJ, Joe AK, Troy JL, Gonzalez R, Hutson TE, Puzanov I, Chmielowski B, Springer CJ, McArthur GA, Sosman JA, Lo RS, Ribas A, Marais R. RAS mutations in cutaneous squamous-cell carcinomas in patients treated with BRAF inhibitors. N Engl J Med. 2012 Jan 19; 366(3):207-15. PMID: 22256804.
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    52. Lo RS. Combinatorial therapies to overcome B-RAF inhibitor resistance in melanomas. Pharmacogenomics. 2012 Jan; 13(2):125-8. PMID: 22256862.
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    53. Atefi M, von Euw E, Attar N, Ng C, Chu C, Guo D, Nazarian R, Chmielowski B, Glaspy JA, Comin-Anduix B, Mischel PS, Lo RS, Ribas A. Reversing melanoma cross-resistance to BRAF and MEK inhibitors by co-targeting the AKT/mTOR pathway. PLoS One. 2011; 6(12):e28973. PMID: 22194965.
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    54. Poulikakos PI, Persaud Y, Janakiraman M, Kong X, Ng C, Moriceau G, Shi H, Atefi M, Titz B, Gabay MT, Salton M, Dahlman KB, Tadi M, Wargo JA, Flaherty KT, Kelley MC, Misteli T, Chapman PB, Sosman JA, Graeber TG, Ribas A, Lo RS, Rosen N, Solit DB. RAF inhibitor resistance is mediated by dimerization of aberrantly spliced BRAF(V600E). Nature. 2011 Nov 23; 480(7377):387-90. PMID: 22113612.
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    55. Shi H, Kong X, Ribas A, Lo RS. Combinatorial treatments that overcome PDGFRß-driven resistance of melanoma cells to V600EB-RAF inhibition. Cancer Res. 2011 Aug 01; 71(15):5067-74. PMID: 21803746.
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    56. Niehr F, von Euw E, Attar N, Guo D, Matsunaga D, Sazegar H, Ng C, Glaspy JA, Recio JA, Lo RS, Mischel PS, Comin-Anduix B, Ribas A. Combination therapy with vemurafenib (PLX4032/RG7204) and metformin in melanoma cell lines with distinct driver mutations. J Transl Med. 2011 May 24; 9:76. PMID: 21609436.
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